The European Union celebrates the Europe Day in a bad moment
11 mayo, 2012
By Isidoro Arriola, Alejandra Rojo, Rafael López and Patricia Martínez.
In 9 may 1950, when Robert Schuman, presented the proposal for the creation of a Europe organized, he refer to the attributes that nowadays he state members have. Many of things that Schuman proposed have been carried out. Like the economic unification that is supervised by a common authority, free circulation o
f people and goods, the process of amplification for third countries and an alliance that will avoid wars.
Now Europe is trying to reach those values that Schuman promoted. The biggest economic crisis since World War II has spread the most nationalist feelings claims in the 62nd anniversary of the declaration. The European leaders made their speeches full of Europeanism, but in reality the EU implies the lower moments of popular acceptance.
The guilty is the economic crisis. Europe has lost part of the identity that characterized in its creation. Now is trying to defend its historical achievements even when is in danger of losing of its members. The younger generation have grown up in an environment of peace, so isn´t valued the idea that the union makes the difference, makes countries become stronger in order to prevent conflicts.
In two weeks the heads of state of the 27 will deal with some of this question. The European Commission has claims his position as developer of growth measures. The debate has been opened when François Hollande has won the French elections, has challenged Angela Merkel and her austerity and now he have to defend his own ideas with more vehemence.
The failure of European leaders to find an exit of the crisis is behind the populism and the Eurosceptic that is in the European capitals.Leaders like Marine Le Pen in France, Geert Wilders in Holland and in Greece Nikolaos Michaloliakos have gain some support of the annoyed citizens with the impositions from Brussels.
The European Union has some questions to solve, and the way of deal with them may suppose a step backward of the EU achievement history. One of them is the Schengen reform and the control of the frontiers, one of the main milestones of the EU that facilitate the fee circulation of people and good between the states.
Nicolas Sarkozyand Angela Merkel want the annulation of the Schengen treaty temporally due to stop the illegal immigration motivated by the crisis, in order to enable countries to repair theirs frontiers. The fragmentation between the states has also affected some duties of the foreign affairs.
Another key issue that is being negotiating is the financial frameworks between 2014 and 2020, which set the community budget and try to fix equilibrium between what the European institutions claim and what the governments are willing to give up.
The economic governance is another central subject of the European debate. The crisis has put into highlight the vulnerability of the European countries and the lack of community mechanism to hold back the speculation.
Greece is a crucial point in everything that represents the European Union, is the key element in every discussion. Some in Brussels give up for lost the struggle to the continuance of Greece in the Euro zone. Its exit may involve the expulsion of the European Union.
Everything has affected to the 62nd anniversary, what will be the solution? No one knows.