What’s going on Siria?


The recent rebellion in Syria is a form of popular rebellion, fighting social and political conflict as well as an armed struggle that is happening in the country. It began on January 26, 2011, influenced by other protests simultaneous in its area of influence.

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Requests for the Syrian people are focused on establishing a democratic system which respects human rights that are being violated for decades.

The country is ruled by a one-party system headed by party Baah. Its current President is Bashar al – Assad, who had taken power for 40 years by means of a coup d ‘ état.

One of the major causes that detonate the malaise in the Syrian people is that the ruling family belongs to the sect Alawita, an offshoot of Shiite Islam, which only represents 12% of the population.

The casualties among the forces loyal to the Government by the actions of the rebels exceed 2,000 dead, according to the Syrian Government. They also are detained or missing between 9,000 and 15,000 people. In addition, 75,000 people have been forced to abandon their cities to seek a refuge and escape the repression.

This situation has not left indifferent to the rest of the world. Various agencies and authorities have begun to take action on the matter in order to put an end to this long struggle.

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 The free Syria army is the main group of armed opposition in Syria. It is composed of deserters of the Syrian armed forces participating in the Syria rebellion of 2011.

The Islamist terrorist organization Al Qaeda has aligned explicitly with the Syria opposition and has supported with attacks against the security forces of the Syrian State.

For the conflict in Syria, the United Nations has delivered favourable to the idea of sending peacekeepers in order to find a negotiated solution. The Special Envoy of the United Nations and the Arab League to Syria – Kofi Annan – requested the cooperation of all the parties to find a peaceful solution to the conflict.

Among the measures taken by international bodies stresses the policy of isolation. The European Union opted for the arms embargo, sanctions against the Central Bank and the prohibition of flights of Syrians cargo planes from the block. The Arab League supported this policy by suspending Syria of the Organization. In addition, it has added economic sanctions.

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The situation in Syria is complex since despite opposition from the majority of Syrians to Assad and international sanctions; the Government seems to have no intention to relinquish power. How will end this fight and when seem uncertain for now.

Written by : Andrea Sánchez, Marta Saguar, María Cortés and Victor Corvera

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