What happens in Africa?
31 mayo, 2012
In recent weeks, the war criminals in Africa have achieved a remarkable reputation. First, the leader of the Ugandan Lord’s Resistance Army of the Lord, Joseph Kony, became a world celebrity. Then the Congolese Thomas Lubanga was the first person convicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC), if the use of child soldiers. And finally, the arrest of actor George Clooney in front of the Sudanese Embassy in Washington DC put current conflict in the region of South Kordofan in Sudan. There are still several war criminals in Africa. Some free, some with outstanding warrants and other under-trial.
One or the last Caesar Achellam.The Army of Uganda, in collaboration with U.S. forces, has been arrested in an ambush in the neighboring Central African Republic Caesar Achellam, one of the generals and strong man of the Ugandan rebel Joseph Kony, leader of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA, for their acronym in English). Achellam capture is considered a step towards the seizure of the military, wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for crimes against humanity. The general was arrested on Saturday with 200 other rebel soldiers, members of the LRA, on the banks of the river Mbou, the military said the Ugandan government newspaper New Vision. A controversial campaign by the U.S. NGO Invisible Children, whose video-raising visits millineries reached on the Internet, has brought back to light the crimes attributed to Kony. The rebel leader fled Uganda in 2005 to take refuge in southern Sudan and then traveling to the Republic of Congo, which is believed to be hiding now.
Other criminal in Africa are:
Sudanese President Omar al Bashir is the only one who is accused of genocide and war crimes against humanity allegedly committed in the Darfur region. This conflict began in 2003 when two rebel groups in the region attacked government forces in Khartoum, whom they accused of oppressing the black population of the region in favor of the Arabs from other parts of the country.
Charles Taylor’s life far exceeds any fiction. Former warlord and later president of Liberia, in his youth had studied economics in the United States. After supporting a coup in Liberia in 1980, was awarded a place in the new government coup but was dismissed three years later for stealing public money. He returned to America, where he was arrested and imprisoned. Two years later he escaped from prison and disappeared. It is believed he traveled to Libya, where he was trained as a guerrilla before launching in 1989 a revolt against the government of Liberia from Ivory Coast. The conflict, brutal and bloody, ended in 1996 and the following year Taylor was elected president in elections.
The ICC also has a case pending against the Congolese former vice president Jean Pierre Bemba. Businessman and leader of a rebel militia turned political party, his fortune is estimated at hundreds of millions of dollars.
And there are other less prominent cases. As the president of Chad’s Hissène Habré, accused by rights groups of human rights of tens of thousands of political killings and torture opponents and dissidents from 1982 to 1990.