Egypt, divided between the former regime and Islamism.


“An Islamist and a former member of the Mubarak regime attend the second round of the presidential elections of Egypt. No candidate has obtained an absolute majority, so call second round.”

The campaign for the second round of the presidential (16 and 17 June) runs the risk of polarizing the country between Islamist unknown future or return to the past of Mubarak’s regime. Egypt citizens will have to choose between Mohamed Morsi, candidate of the Muslim Brotherhood, and Ahmed Shafiq, former general.Image

In the background continues commanding the armed forces Supreme Council which has pledged to leave power, what remains to be seen. The losers of the first round of the presidential Egyptian are prompting from Cairo Tahrir square, the revolution that brought down to Mubarak.

They are not the results that the West, and many Egyptians, hoped. Although, not for that reason cease to be less democratic. The Arab spring is not bringing European style democracies, but the triumph of the Islamists.

The Islamist Mohamed Mursi boasts the great machinery of his group, the Muslim Brotherhood, to convince the Egyptians that may be the future President of the country. In this first round he received especially the support of the supporters of the old regime. But also he championed many Egyptians tired of the instability that the country after the fall of Mubarak. In fact, the own Shafik is presented as a strong man can restore security, and why now, calls for vote to the laity and the revolutionaries who managed to the fall of the regime to which he himself belonged.

The President of the Freedom Party and Justice, political arm of the brotherhood, use the Islamic rebirth of Egypt as the main argument to capture the votes of supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and the undecided in the poorest areas. Being a man of the apparatus of the Muslim Brotherhood has been its main asset but also its weak point which some sectors fear that a single party controls Parliament, the Government and the Presidency as it was the case at the time of Mubarak.

The pass to the second round of two competing candidates, and they generate a huge polarization in the electorate, anticipates three weeks of high tension in Egypt. According to the road map of the military Junta which administers the country following the resignation of Mubarak, presidential elections are the last stage of a troubled phase of transition. Next June 30, is expected that the Board give their powers to President-elect.

As the formation of the constituent Assembly is breaking discrepancies between secular and Islamists, it is not clear what will be the powers of the future President. It is expected that in the coming days the military Junta make public a number of amendments to the constitutional statement that governs the country delimiting the powers of the Presidency and the Parliament until the approval of the new Constitution.

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