Libyan Oil, before and after Gaddafi


 

The Libyan civil war begins on 15 February 2011 and ends on 20 October 2011. It begins with a series of peaceful protests and it goes tll the civil war.

Anti-Gaddafi uprising

2011 February – Police arrested human rights campaigner, which sparked violent protests in eastern city of Benghazi. It caused to rapidly influence other cities. Aircrafts were used to attack protestors.

2011 July –The National Transitional Council(NTC) was formally recognized by the international Contact Group on Libya, its main opposition group, as the legitimate government of Libya.

2011 August – Six months after the uprising began Rebels swarm into Col. Gaddafi’s fortress compound in Tripoli. Col Gaddafi goes into hiding with only a few strongholds under his control.

2011 August-September – 60 countries were joined by the African Union who recognised the NTC as the new Libyan authority.

2011 20 October – Col Gaddafi is captured and killed.

 

LIBYAN EXPORT OF OIL BEFORE THE NATO INTERVATION

 

  • Before Gaddafi’s fall, Gaddafi can easily threatened to world for cutting of oil. But after harsh reign of dictator Gaddafi, Libya can decide their own trade partners freely.
  • During the reign of Gaddafi, Italy relied on Libya for almost 22 percent of its oil consumption. In fact, no other western country has stronger ties with Libya, than Italy.
  • Before the uprising, France relied on Libya for 16% of its oil with Greece and Spain too.
  • England’s BP was awarded a $900mil exploration contract in Libya, BP’s “biggest exploration commitment ever”.

 

LIBYAN EXPORT OF OIL AFTER THE NATO INTERVATION           

Nowadays the countries which are taking advantage of the cheap oil produced by the Libyan Government:

Ireland              20%

Italy               19,7%

France             13%

Greece             12%

Spain                10%

Britain              9,9%

Germany          7,8%

Netherlands         4%

United States    3,6%

Importers-of-LIbyan-Oil

2006Libyan_exports

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cb/2006Libyan_exports.PNG

 

 

COUNTRIES INVOLVED ON THE INTERVENTION

 Base on the UN SC resolution 1973, the countries which participated were Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Denmark, France, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Romania, Spain, Turkey, U.K., U.S., Jordan, Qatar, Sweden and U.A.E.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13755445

http://www.thinkonthat.com/archives/3929

http://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/02/libyan_oil

http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2011/04/201148174154213745.html

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