27 noviembre, 2013
Iran has been facing with economic embargo for 34 years and with the agreement that the government accepted in Geneva, may be cause to new allies come up in Middle East. Middle East was dealing with two important things in the last two weeks. First one is about Egypt and Turkey’s strategic locations and the second one is about the agreement in Geneva. The political broadcaster of Al Jazeera –Mervan Bişara- says that the uzlaşma between Washington and Tahran will cause new allies in the Middle East. On the other hand, according to Shashank Joshi from the Royal United Services Institute rapprochement of Iran and U.S can change the power in Middle East. Joshi also thinks that, in case of any attack from Washington, Saudi Arabia and other Arabic countries won’t be able to defend themselves.
The International Atomic Energy(IAEA) has been met and the community agreed that it’s forbidden to have nuclear weapons in the middle east countries.
The President of U.S, Barrack Obama, says about the meeting that it would help Iran to provide against having nuclear weapons.
Key points of the deal have been released by the White House:
- Iran will stop enriching uranium beyond 5%, and “neutralise” its stockpile of uranium enriched beyond this point
- Iran will give greater access to inspectors including daily access at Natanz and Fordo nuclear sites
- There will be no further development of the Arak plant which it is believed could produce plutonium
- In return, there will be no new nuclear-related sanctions for six months if Iran sticks by the accord
- Iran will also receive sanctions relief worth about $7bn (£4.3bn) on sectors including precious metals
Iranian President, Hassan Rouhani, the right of uranium amplification has discovered. However, Israil thinks that the result of the agreement was a “terrible mistake” because Rouhani thinks that Israel has right to defend themself if it’s necessary. According to the speech of Rouhani, Kerry said that the agreement will be more safier for allies in the Middle East, especially Israel.
What Iran will do:
- Halt enrichment of uranium above 5% purity. (Uranium enriched to 3.5-5% can be used for nuclear power reactors, 20% for nuclear medicines and 90% for a nuclear bomb.)
- “Neutralise” its stockpile of near-20%-enriched uranium, either by diluting it to less than 5% or converting it to a form which cannot be further enriched
- Not install any more centrifuges (the machines used to enrich uranium)
- Leave half to three-quarters of centrifuges installed in Natanz and Fordo enrichment facilities inoperable (Read our guide to Iran’s nuclear facilities)
- Not build any more enrichment facilities
- Not increase its stockpile of 3.5% low-enriched uranium
- Halt work on the construction of its heavy-water reactor at Arak, not attempt to produce plutonium there (an alternative to highly enriched uranium used for an atomic weapon)
- Provide daily access to Natanz and Fordo sites to IAEA inspectors and access to other facilities, mines and mills
- Provide “long-sought” information on the Arak reactor and other data
What the world’s power do:
- Provide “limited, temporary, targeted, and reversible [sanctions] relief”. Not impose further nuclear-related sanctions if Iran meets its commitments
- Suspend certain sanctions on trade in gold and precious metals, Iran’s automotive sector, and its petrochemical exports
- Licence safety-related repairs and inspections inside Iran for certain Iranian airlines
- Transfer $4.2bn (£2.6bn) to Iran in instalments from sales of its oil