Trick or treat? Erdogun’s AKP claim surprise victory against backdrop of terror
3 noviembre, 2015
According to “Council on foreign relations”(1) political conflict between Kurdish violent groups and Turkish military forces angered by side effects of the Syrian Civil War, nowadays there is an intention of peace between two sides. The Kurdish problem and the Syria civil war its causing fear in the investors of Turkey, in words of “The Economist“(2), that are afraid of inventing his money in a country with real problems that can reduce their benefits. Ankara bombing, according to the “BBC” (3) ,was a demonstration for peace and culminated in the worst way possible, it occurred on Saturday morning. There was a powerful explosion followed by another explosion.In June were turkey elections but any political party had the m ReccepTayipErdoğan’s AKP romped to a decisive, surprise election victory on Sunday,winning 317 of the 550 seats in Turkish Parliament. But against a backdrop of increasing terror nationwide, just how did he manage it?
According to Hurriyetdailynews (1), a Turkish newspaper, the main reason of the victory of the AKP in the Turkish election has been the fear in the population as consequence of the terrorist attacks in the country, made by the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) and ISIS. Throughout the run-up to the election, Erdoğan and the AKP have capitalised on this. His election slogan? “It’s me or chaos” (8).
Also, the AKP has increase in their votes because of the strategy of other important parties like MHP and HDP. According to The Guardian (3) the MHP led by Bahçeli are against any peace process with the Kurdish guerrilla PKK and they are perceived as a party “that says no to everything” by the population, according to ABC (2). Besides, the HDP is accused by various sectors to be the political extension of the armed group PKK.
The level of ‘fortune’ in chaos that has befallen Erdoğan has been greeted with extreme cynicism from opposition parties, observers within Turkey, and those watching on from outside. The question on the lips of everyone – just how culpable is Erdoğan for this instability?
Erdoğan has been seen as stoking the fire of anarchy by cracking down on dissent in the east. In June, a fledgling peace with the nationalist PKK was broken, and conflict resumed. The PKKs one-sided, voluntary ceasefire in October was ignored in favour of fighting (4). The Turkish police have become more heavy handed against opposition – over 1,000 people were detained in just one week in July (5). Those incarcerated have been met with ‘severe ill-treatment and abuse’ according to the Human Rights Watch (6). An attempt to setup a self-governing enclave in Diyarbakır in August was ‘brutally suppressed’ (4). The result of these actions, instability in the east – pushing voters to seek out a party that can ‘control’ the problems.
Other accusations have been far more treacherous.Regarding the inter-election bombings in Ankara and Suruç, the level of government culpability varies based on who is asked. Writing for The Guardian, Christopher de Bellaigue has accused the government of taking advantage of the crises by blaming the opposition for the attacks – accusations ‘so laughably implausible as to suggest that he wants to humiliate the bereaved’ (4). HDP co-leaderSelahattinDemirtaş has suggested tacit complicity through a failure to act on a known threat – “the AKP’s hands are red with blood, they support this terror” (7). Others go even further. Speaking with Truthout, Turkish journalist GürkanOzturan claimed implicit government involvement in the spread of terror, accusing the AKP of incorporating “tactics or methods that include hurting people” (9).
The truth likely lies somewhere between, and may never be known – but the result is not in doubt. Erdoğan has successfully created a siege mentality in favour of his beleaguered AKP. The question now going forward is; when will the terror end?