Escalating riots in Brazil between police and drug dealers


Last Sunday the military police from the 16º Battalion of Rio de Janeiro was attacked by drug dealers from the favela “Comando Vermelho”. The reason behind this attack was because in this section of Rio, drug dealers pay the police to keep out from their business. In fact,last Tuesday morning the BOPE (Brigada de Operaçoes Policiais Especiais) took their territory back by entering into a scenario of war.

According to the Official Study on Firearms of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in 2007 there were approximately 875 million of firearms all around the world of which just the 3% belongs to Law Enforcement bodies while the biggest majority (74%) it is owned by civil society and for military resources it is 23% of the total of firearms.

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Fuente: elperiodistadigital.com

 

 

The data regarding firearms and the illegal trafficking has not been updated since 2007, which is a remarkable issue. In fact, the latest data collected by the Official Study on Firearms by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime are extremely outdated. Being the United Nations as worried as they claim to be regarding terrorism and being the main organ that deals with international peace and security, it is difficult to believe these claims, given the lack of current figures.

 

Favelas, frequently linked to the city of Rio de Janeiro, are one of the poorest neighbourhood of Brazil and nowadays mafias take advantage of this fact to carry out illegal acts such as weapons and drugs trafficking. Last years several killings happened in the area mainly committed by mafia members in order to expand its influence, with illegal firearms.

 

Fuente ABC Color

Surprisingly, for western society, police is involved in this mafia environment. Brazilian police is corrupted and Brazilians do not trust national security forces. According to Amnesty International, Brazil´s National Police is responsible for about 13% and 21% of murders in Rio including many other illegal acts.This is shown in last report made by Transparency International where Brazil holds the 79th position out of 176. This report takes into account the perception of corruption in the country

The results from this operation took 45 drug dealers into jail with around 32 machineguns apprehended. The estimated value of these weapons is around 1 million euros and most of the arsenal apprehended used to belong to the American government. The police has communicated that 100% of these weapons come from U.S and Russia.

Truthfully, It is seem to be that during the last decades huge efforts had been done regarding the reduction of firearms trafficking.  Both, international and national measures has been developed as for example the creation of different international organizations as the previous one mentioned (UNODC), or the development of  a more effective control of customs thanks to the support of the World Custom Organization. Others like the Brazilian government, according to La Nación, in 2011 announced the increasing security measures to fight the firearms trafficking.However, it has not reached the government expectations.Therefore this issue is still on the checklist from Governments and International Organizations.

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