Egyptian court sentenced to death 11 people responsible for deaths in football fights. Article Radio Show 2.

In 2012, a pitch invasion took place at the Port Said stadium, Egypt. The tragedy happened after a football match between the local side al-Masry, who won 3-1 against their long-time rival al-Ahly. The violence is believed to have broken after fans of Cairo’s al-Alhi team started to show banners insulting the local team.

Many of the 72 people who died and 1000 injured crushed ones with the others as they were panicking fans trying to escape from the stadium. Most of the victims died from concussions, cuts and suffocations. Some of them fell or were thrown from terraces, according to witnesses at the game. It was the country’s most violent incident at a football venue.

The resolution of the judge presiding for this case was 15 years in prison for ten men, 10 years for fourteen of them and fifteen received a 5 years sentence. More than 21 people were cleared of charges, including attempted murder and murder.The court decided to sentence 11 men to death for their part in the Port Said stadium disaster, as published in The Independent newspaper.

We can not forget that according to the Human Rights Declaration one of the most fundamental principles is the right to live. I do not agree with death penalty, as even though the crime can be really big, you are not going to get anything killing a person.

In a way, it is better to condemn a person to jail as he or she is going to suffer more spending their life in prison instead just a ‘moment of pain’. People who commit atrocity crimes has to pay for that, but the solution is not killing them. For me a better penalty is condemning them for a while or forever and that way, they would just watching life pass by with the desperation of having no more option, but being there.

It shocks how a country like Egypt, that wants to be more liberal and also be an example for the other Middle Eastern countries, still adopt Death Penalty. The case has highlighted worsening law and order in much of Egypt since the overthrow of former President Hosni Mubarak two years ago.

”The Islamist government of President Mohammed Morsi is struggling to stop the slide in security, hampered by a strike by some police in protests that are likely to be fueled by Saturday’s jail sentences for the senior officers”, as published in an Israeli News source.

I think for this case to death penalty is too harsh, if we compared for example with the Arab Spring, which generated more deaths.  There should be no exception in not having death penalty in any country. The human rights debate about how death penalty is still being applied is really complex. As I said before, the main allegation to be against this practice, is that everyone has the right to live, and no one should have the power to decide about the destiny of any person. It can be seen very clear in the example of losing a person because of a crime. It is a tragedy, but you are not going to get back that person killing the guilty one.

After ISIS conquest in Ramadi, new strategies are set up. Article Radio show 1.

The conquest of Ramadi by ISIS has meant the occupation of the capital of Iraq’s largest province, a major defeat for the Iraqi government and its Western backers.

Ramadi was one of the last remaining districts held by government forces. Its conquest has supposed a big advance since Ramadi has been ”the first major city to be seized by the insurgents on Iraq since security forces and paramilitary groups began pushing them back last year”, as appeared published in Al Jazeera’s newspaper.

It has helped advance the Islamic State planning of future attacks since they are getting close to Bagdad, Iraq’s heavily fortified capital. This conquest is allowing them to gain more territory from Anbar. Isis is taking over more territory from Anbar, and this conquest, together with their control in Falluja, an Anbar city even closer to Bagdad, is allowing them to be closer to establishing an ISIS-controlled corridor along the Euphrates River between Ramadi and Falluja.

The International Community could help more, for example putting aside more money to cooperate with Turkey in their task of providing aid to all the Syrian refugees. The initiative has being concentrated nearly exclusively in achieving the military defeat of the armed group. Neither the Iraqi government nor its allies have dealt seriously with possible changes and measurements of justice for abuses that could contribute to get back the support of the Sunni in Iraq.

The problem is that, even though the enticements that underlie the Sunni support that was initially given to ISIS, the coalition against ISIS has focused chiefly in a campaign of air attacks, and it has been mainly the Chita’s militias the ones that, with the support of Iran, have get into the land.

Despite that for Iraq and Syria ISIS is a threat, they are other Middle Eastern Countries in danger. A clear example is the situation in Turkey. Its territorial integrity is being threaten as it is next to Syria, and there are no borders. They could be one of the main affected of this conflict.

ISIS is also a threat for Israel, and in the face of the proximity of the Islamic group to the Israelis borders and to the ones of the adjacent countries, Israel has maintain close links with Egypt and Jordan.

Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt, among others, are breeding to recruit fighters at the same time that they are targets for future attacks of the organization. We can not forget that their main goal is creating an Islamic State that covers the Arab world.

The advantage of ISIS in their conquest of different areas in Iraq and Syria is that their governments are not very strong and also the support or the presence of enough sunnies in both countries.

The wish of ISIS of attack could be its Achilles heel. Michael Knights, specialist in foreign affairs said that ISIS suffers of chronic ” ‘tactic anxiety’, a necessity almost pathological of taking the initiative and attack the enemy”, even when there was very unlikely of having exit, as it happened in the Kurdish regions in the beginning of this year.

Interview in the Turkish embassy

Turkey is the connecting point between Europe and the Middle East. It is located in a key position with a lot of civilizations. Turkey wants to be part of the European Union since 1963 and they have been negotiating since 2005.

Çagdas BILGIN is a political advisor in the Turkish embassy in Spain and he is also the personal manager in the embassy. Since he started working there 8 months ago, his function has been observing all the issues related to the support of the relations between Turkey and Spain in international organizations such as United Nations or the OTAM.

The relation between Spain and Turkey is positive and it is in an increasing process. There are very good political and economic relations. Spain has always supported Turkey in the process of being in the European Union.

I decided to know more about the point of view of Turkey as their strategic situation makes them have a different point of view of the middle East’ problems.

During the interview, I realized how Turkey put a lot of efforts providing help to people around them which have conflicts in their countries, such as the Syria conflict, and it confirmed me how media does not show this kind of help because it does not attract enough attention.

As Çagdas BILGIN said talking about how they handle the situation of being in a key position between two areas, that makes them have a mix of trade. He also answer taking up their stance: ” Turkey has been traditionally moved toward Europe since the Ottoman Empire, as we came from Europe. We have always look to Europe, we focus more on it.”

On the other hand, when I asked him about their relations with the Middle East, he wanted to be very clear about their support to the democracy in that area as he said: ” We promote legitimate governments that represents the will of people”. He emphasized the importance of stability and democracy in this situation, as more stability would help Turkey economy.

Related to their economy and its prosperity, he said that because of the European crisis, that it also affected to their trade with them, there was a trade increase with the Middle East. This has made a lot of critics of how they are getting away from Europe, and he claim : ” We had to do it. The European crisis also affected us and if we find new markets open, we have more trade partners and we can have a better strong economy.We are looking for new markets while promoting stability in our region.

He also underscored the importance of exportations in their economy, and as it is slowing down, they should look for new technology and productive methods to increase their exportations.

When we deal about what is going on in Syria and the Islamic State, he wanted to make clear the danger of being in their position because of their close situation to them, with no borders. He expressed the necessity of a political solution: ”There should be international support of the legitimate representation of Syrian people.” The solution is through negotiations with the support of the international community.

Their proposals for helping Syria is: ”Not direct intervention, but supporting the Syrian opposition. A lot are doing the political process from Turkey, promoting it.” They are also cooperating with the United States providing equipment: TRAIN AND EQUIPMENT.

Dealing with the situation of all the refugees that are fleeing from the war and going to Turkey, he stressed how they are taking in a lot of refugees, but even though they have camps they need to create more refugees and for that, the international committee has to put money. since the

beginning they have only received 6 billions dollars from the US and 2.5 millions from the international community. ”It is easy to criticize Turkey but it is all on us”.

He wanted to explain me the situation,: ”At first, people were helping a lot because we had resources and we didn’t think it was going to take so long, but in this situation, they are getting concentrated in some neighborhoods, and they are stating to see them as strangers and that is creating tensions”.

Finally, trying to sum up all the information related to the same issue, my last question was about why Turkey does not join the international coalition that is bombing right now the Islamic State, allowing them to use their air basis. His answer was very strict: ” Turkey is supporting them. Cobani was saved thanks to Turkey, they crushed the Turkish borders, we didn’t intervene but we accept and provide aid to people. That doesn’t appear on TV. If you want a coalition to make an attack, let’s do it all of us, not just bombing.”