Island of Dokdo

Date: June 1, 2012

By: Ananda Araujo Cerdan,Ibón Joung, Sara Setién, Eduardo Márquez and Virginia Mazón

   Dokdo Island is an island situated in the southeast of Asia, between South Korea and Japan. The island is populated by South Korean citizens, and protected by the national coastguards. This geographical area caused lots of polemic due to the fact that both Korean and Japanese governments claimed the islands sovereignty. Japanese considers Dokdo or Takeshima for the Japanese part of the Okinoshima city, Koreans on the other hand defends that the area is part of the county of Ulleung in the north of the province of Gyeongsang.

The island is practically uninhabitable but it is still a really important surface, economically it is acknowledged to be rich in natural gas deposits and militarily the location is great for a military base of South Korean troops. South Korea had been using this geographical area since the end of World War II but in the late 2005 Japanese government asked for the full sovereignty of the land, to which Korea denied. Then the great polemic started; Dokdo was part of the Japanese territory since Edo period (1603~ 1868) when the Korean Empire was part of the Japanese territory thanks to a previous invasion, in defence to Koreans leaned on the Silla period (512 a. D.) where the chronic of the “Three Kingdom’s” confirms that the island is part of South Korean territory. Actually there are only 2 citizens (Kim Sung-do (김성도) and Kim Shin-yeol (김신열)) living in the island together with 40 government workers (police, lighthouse keepers, Fishery Ministry personnel).

The big polemic started when the U.S. Boards found out the island with a no clear sovereignty, and as both states claimed for the sovereignty they took the case to an international court, which was the San Francisco Peace Treaty because the SFPT was written within the framework of the laws of war, often called “the customary laws of warfare.” Within its own geographic range, it is the highest-ranking document of international law in the post WWII era.

According to the San Francisco Peace Treaty (SFPT) of 1952, there are two problems: How are we to interpret the ownership of: one, islands given up by Japan but where no “receiving country” is specified, or two, islands which are not even clearly mentioned in the treaty. As the island has no clear receiving country, is declared to be an un-demarcated territory or limbo cession, and according to the SFPT, any limbo cessions or un-demarcated territory is governed under the sovereignty of the conqueror. But there is still no definitive decision made even if it leans more to the South Korean sovereignty.

Every Asian countries are pretty patriotic, truly Korean citizen defend that Dokdo is Korean territory and they infuriate because Japanese apart from thinking it publishes those lies, when still isn´t clear jet the sovereignty of the island. The shocking thing is that even veteran soldiers show that outburst against Japanese, their excuse was “on the 2nd World War caused too much pain to our country and know they even want to take our lands from us…This is an insult and provocation”.

10 years of East Timor’s independency: what are the new challenges?

Date: May 25, 2012

By: Ananda Araujo Cerdan,Ibón Joung, Sara Setién, Eduardo Márquez and Virginia Mazón

Timorese light a torch to a sport event in celebration of 10 years of independency in the country

“Independency wouldn’t make any sense if our people continue to face a variety of difficulties in their day-to-day.”

Last Weekend, East Timor celebrated 10 years of its independency. The country is proud of itself for having established peace after decades of conflict. Although it still has to prove that can guarantee its own development and take a step out of the poverty that still can be seen in almost every corner of the capital, Dili.

The new president, elected in a democratic way, the ex-guerilla Taur Matan Ruak, took office of his charge on Saturday, before the independency commemoration. The electoral process will be concluded on July 7th, with legislative elections. And, at the same time, ONU prepares to leave the country by the end of the year.

“It was a real test to the Timorese, mainly, for our manageability. I think that we could put that behind us, although we faced several problems over the past 10 years”, said Taur Matan Ruak.

“The independency wouldn’t make any sense if our people continue to face a variety of difficulties in their day-to-day. East Timor has conditions to outdistance all of this, but the first step is to consolidate peace so we can move to the next step, that is to the country development”, he stressed.

It’s undeniable that peace is instaured on East Timor, but, as the president said, the new challenge for this country with 1, 1 million habitants is to prove that it can survive without help from other countries. “Of course there has been progress in 10 years. The first thing is freedom, then there is education, health, agriculture,” said Francisco Tilman, a citizen, “But the problem is unemployment. There are no factories here, nothing. “ he finished.

More than twenty per cent of Timorese are unemployed and half of the population lives above the poverty line.

The discovery of hydrocarbon reserves in the Sea of East Timor created hope for the country development. But the 10 billion dollars gathered by the “Petroleum Fund” seems way to distance of the Dili’s suburbs where naked kids play on the streets with pigs and mongrel dogs.

Besides the hydrocarbon reserves, the country only has in its resources a “shy” coffee production. The petroleum money covered ninety per cent of all state spending and, because of that; East Timor is the “most oil-dependent economy in the world”, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

But this isn’t an inexhaustible resource; the next government will be the last to live by the luxury of the oil money, so we hope that those who take that function think wisely about the future. The new president, Matan Ruan, said in an interview that they must “build and develop a coherent and sustainable economic system and reduce dependence on oil”.

A decade after the countries full independency, Taur Matan Ruak guaranteed that it was worth the fight and that to the Timorese “there’s still more and more work, so their dream will come true.”

Here’s a Australian Network News report about the independency in the country, which also show a little bit of its conflictuous history.

President of all Koreans in Spain(interview)

   Interview




The interview was done to a 56 years old gentleman, father of two kids and husband of a five years younger and lovely wife. The interviewed mans name is Heun Fan Joung Kim. Heun Fan first came to Spain as a taekwondo teacher in Barcelona, he strongly underlines that when he first came he was completely in the misery and that he barely had money enough to eat. Heun Fan made fun of that period with an amusing incident with the bananas, “at that time the banana was the cheapest fruit in the market, and as I didn´t have much money I only ate bananas for nearly 6 months, the first two months I had no problems at all but by the time I got to the third…. I had worrying problems with the digestion of those bananas”. He first came to Spain on the 1987 and three years later he returned to Korea. The same year came back to Spain but this time he changed his job to acupuncturist, installing himself in the town of Guernica in Bilbao. Since then he has been working as an acupuncturist and he is running two premises. In 2007 he was named president of all Koreans in Spain, without loosing his actual job. But last year 2011 elections where made and the president was re-elected. Heun Fan defines the job of precedency as a really difficult and tiring position, he remarked “there are too many Korean people coming and going away from the country and it is impossible to control all of them, and having to find a translator every time an enterprise comes in it isn´t a easy task, as there are barely translators for the job.”

 

When did you first come to Spain?

 

–       I first came to Spain on 1987, the same year my first son was born. 3 years later I got back to Korea and the same year returned back to Spain. When I came back I had no home to stay in so I lived together with a family who a taught taekwondo in previous years. When this family offered me their house to live with them and my family, I just felled a 100% and I though it was a dream, I never knew anyone so kind… After few months when I saved some money I went to Bilbao where a Spanish citizen who travelled often to Korea offered me his house. I was really lucky to find these people they are like angels to me, I could say that they gave me all I´ve got right now…

 

What relationship does Spain maintain with the Korean state?

 

–       Well I am not really sure about it but I can tell you that though the years more and more relationships were made, and the most important one I guess they are economical relations with the big companies such as Hyundai, Samsung, LG, Kia… among others. Also, the latest years they have invited me to various dancing and singing shows, it seems to be that Korean B-boy dancers are quite popular together with a musical movement called K-pop. They seemed to have being on a tour in Europe and they told me that this K-pop they might come to Spain too on a near future.

 

We all heard from the political issue that there is in Korea, what do you think about what it is happening know in Korea? And what do you think about the death of the leader, do you think that things would change?

 

–       To be honest, I am not really worried about the issue because I consider that North Korea is just trying to show of, they´ve been doing this since the parallel 38 was installed, north Korea needed food and they got it as they could, on the other hand north Korea has been provoking us for too many years, I shouldn´t say this but they deserve this problems they are having, unfortunately the only affected ones are the citizens who have no blames.

On the point of the death of Kim Jong-Il… I got nothing to say is special we have nothing more than to wait and see what that kid is doing. I hope someday we reach the unification as I got family on the other side…

 

If you could change something, in terms of the relation between Spain and Korea what would you like to change or improve?

 

–       Actually I love living in Spain besides the problem of the food, we eat Korean food all the days and it is really difficult to find products and if I could, I would like to improve that point. There are too many things I would like to eat that I cannot because there isn´t. truly it isn´t an important issue but sometimes little things are so grateful. I remember that when I was in “La Rioja” where the “Camino de Santiago” is done, I met with a Korean citizen who was doing this walking, well I remember that we invited this young lady to our house for a Korean meal and she couldn´t be more grateful. When she got back to Korea she sent us some food and a post in gratitude.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BY: Ibon Joung

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Living in Japan

Date: May 18, 2012

By: Ananda Araujo Cerdan.

By the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, coffee was the main export product in Brazil. At first, African slaves were forced to work on coffee plantations. After the slavery was abolished in Brazil, in 1850, Brazilian farmers had to look for labor somewhere else. So, the government and farmers offered to pay for European immigrant’s passage. The plan encouraged millions of Europeans, most of them Italian, to go to Brazil. However, when they were in Brazil, they received very low salaries and worked in poor conditions, similar to the conditions that the slaves where put through. Because of that, in 1902, Italy prohibited subsided immigration to Brazil. Looking for new labor and knowing that Japan was facing a problem with a high demographic number and, also, the search for better living conditions. In 1908, the Japanese shop Kasato Maru docked in the Port of Santos, São Paulo, bringing the first Japanese families to Brazil.

Carla while she was visiting the city of Hiroshima. Behind her is possible to see the only building that survived to the atomic bombs.

It is estimated that currently there are over one million of Japanese descent in Brazil. Born in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Carla Akemi Tomizawa is a Japanese Brazilian (name given to Brazilians with Japanese descent). When she was six years old, she went to Japan, along with her family and lived there for eight years. She returned to Brazil almost two years ago and agreed to talk with me about her experience in The Land of The Rising Sun.

Living in another country for a year or two, to study, is a big decision and affects a big part of everyone’s life. Having a life in another country with your family is a different decision, but just as big. What made your parents decide this?

My parents where broke here in Brazil. Full of debts, you know? And my father decided to go to Japan, since we have Japanese ascendency and several uncles, aunts, etc, were going there too. To work, mostly in factories, put some money together to build a house in Brazil and go back. It’s like that with most of the Brazilians that live there. After two years that my dad was there, I went with my mother. I just went not to stay away from my parents; I was too young to be without them.

You are back in Brazil for a while now, what you think that are the biggest differences between Brazil and Japan? Not only the country, but also the people. The way they behave.

When I first got in Japan, I was really young, so the things I noticed where kind of childish. The food is really different, the buildings (most of them are built to withstand earthquakes), the streets are really clean… There they have the habit to take off their shoes when they enter in someone’s house, you get used to it really fast. I got and haven’t lost until today, I think its god, more hygienic. And I think the Japanese are really organized, you know? Very straight, disciplined.

There are any habits or something that the Japanese did that ever bothered you in some way? Something that you preffer in Brazil than in Japan?

Sometimes it’s boring that they’re so quiet and straight, you know. I like the Brazilian way. This “given” way. Here, I come home every day by bus, at the same time. Every day. I’m friends with the driver and almost everyone that’s also in the bus at the same time. That would never happen in Japan.

I don’t know if you can answer this, since you were too young when you were there. But, economically, what are the biggest differences?

Yes, I really don’t know much to say. But I’ll try… There, in Japan, even if you’re poor and don’t get lots of money, you can buy almost everything, you know? Here it’s more difficult. There is a big abyss between social classes and you notice that really clearly here in Brazil. But there, this difference, I think it isn’t so big, because it’s not as easy to notice as it is in here.

And you didn’t have any kid of contact with the politic there, right?

No, I didn’t.

What are the things that you miss the most?

I miss my friends. All of them are getting back to Brazil someday, some the already got back, but they always live somewhere else. And it gets complicated to see them again.

And you only had Brazilian friends there?

Most of them were Brazilian, yes. I had some Japanese acquaintances, but they weren’t so close. It’s because I went to a Brazilian school, all the students where Brazilian too, the teachers, so I was closer to them. But I also had some friends from Philippines, China, Canada, etc.

Thanks for the interview, Carla! It was really good.

You’re always welcome.

A bit closer to China

Interviewer: Eduardo Márquez Cáceres

Name: Cong

Surname: Li

Age: 31

Interview of International observatory

  1. 1.       What is your origin country?

China

  1. 2.       In which city do you live and which is your origin one?

Lujan

  1. 3.       In which city do you work?

Guangzhou

  1. 4.       In which company do you work?

RPZ GROUP. It is a Spanish company which has a representation office in my city.

5.       Which are the businesses of your company?

Importation of gift items

6.       What do you do in the company?

I carry the management of the representation office in China

7.       You know the Chinese and the Spanish market; could you indicate the principal similarities and differences from your knowledge and experience?

China and Spain are countries with a very different culture and habits. In China we have a hard discipline at work, and we try to save money in the present to provide us a better future. I have worked in Spain for a long time, and I could appreciate that save money in your country passes to a second place, you prefer to enjoy the present and dedicate all time as you can for leisure activities wasting lot of money. I don´t want to say that your style of life is worse than mine, but are just very different.

8.       There is a good commercial relationship between China and Spain?

Yes, now there is a good commercial relationship. We can see in business fairs how each year there are more Spanish companies working in China, and since few years ago we can see how the Spanish colony in our country has grown.

9.       Which are the most demanded products by China in Spain? And the most demanded market?

In China we export all type of products around the entire world, and for Spain is the same, the exportations are increasing. The Chinese government has been able to apply a business policy which covers all market sectors, from electronics, textile, shoes, agricultural products, machinery, and in the sector I work exists a huge variety of products such as umbrellas, pens, household items, electronics products, travel articles… Nowadays China is the factory of the world.

10.   Why do you think China is economically successful?

Our government, not so many years ago, had the necessity of maintain a population of more than 1.400 million people. Our politicians realized that the only possible solution was to produce products for all different sectors with very competitive prices, but its principal objective was that all people could have a plate of food at home. They used the philosophy of a cheap labor to be more competitive in international markets, to safe its population and eliminate the terrible famine.

11.   China does not have a good relationship with the environment about the media said, is it true?; where do you think is the problem?; as a Chinese citizen, which solutions could be applied?, do you know about any solution that the government has carry out in order to solve these problems?; do you think it is a good way to solve these problems? Are you satisfied with the Chinese government activities to solve the environment?

When the real industrial revolution started in China in the 80´s, we started to build factories in al south-east zone of the country. Nobody at that time, neither companies nor the Government thought about environment, there were other priorities. Nowadays is very different because fortunately China has changed its way of think and in all new construction factories or companies a principal requirement is be careful with our environment. China still has a lot to do, but it is in the good way. In the automotive sector the grown of the cars has been huge, a 300% more than ten years ago, that’s a big reason for the pollution that suffers the Chinese cities.

I hope the Chinese government is going to do all necessary to control pollution and conserve our wonderful environment.

12.   Nowadays can you see a big variety of social classes in the street?

It is becoming less in big cities. Ten years ago started to be a middle class which before does not exists. Nowadays, China is more focused on its own domestic economy, due to the growth of this new middle class in the rural population. You can still see how the peasants live in really bad conditions, and the 60% of the total population is rural. Steps are slow and we have to continue working, but we have improved compared to decades ago.

13.   China is a big global economic power, but its population has also suffer the famine, because of natural disasters such as floods caused by the Yellow River in the 50’s which left more than 2 million victims. Are there attendants yet in the Chinese population because of these disasters? Have you ever suffered the consequences of one of these disasters?

Since I was young I have lived real cruel situations. When I was a child, due to overflow of river I had to go to school for a month in a very small boat, something which is normal for people who live near to a river. Because of our climatology in central and south-west zones, we suffer inclement weather every year. For big rains with over time there are more measures to try to avoid big disasters, such as the huge prey called in Spanish “Las tres gargantas”, which is the biggest one of the world, and it has been built to avoid the overflow of the river. This prey is in the zone of Luhan, and it allowed relocating more than two million people in a new population area.

Cong in the biggest prey of the world called “las tres gargantas”

Interview to Virginia Mazón.

Virginia Mazón was born on October 21, 1992 in Madrid. She has always related to Asian continent. Her father traveled a lot of times there, and she has many good memories about the stories and presents that her father brought her from those strange countries.  When she was a child, she started to learn Chinese and at present, she continues to study it in Casa Asia. She has been to China sometimes to improve this language.

Currently, she is a student of the Universidad Europea de Madid and next year she will become the first person who is going to study to China with the Red Laureate in that university.

Why did you begin to be interested in China? And how old were you when you started to study Chinese?

My interest in China was started by my father. He was who introduced my sister and me in Chinese world because he went to China when he was 19 years old and he thought that it was a good experience and as he has worked with international enterprises related to this country he wanted that their daughters were familiar with this part of the world. And this is why I started to learning Chinese when I was 9 years old.

How many times have you been to China and what was your first impression of the country?

The first time I went to China I was around 9 years old. Then, my second time there, was when I was 12 years old but in these both times I only spent there a week, just to see the country. And the last time I have been to China was when I was 17 years old and I lived in Shanghai during a year. My first impression of Shanghai was a very poor city, and I thought if this city which is very famous is of this way I can´t imagine how the others city will be. A lot of people begged me, there almost weren´t any shopping center, there were a lot of slums…

 “You could feel money there”

So, Shanghai has changed a lot of in these last years, no?

Yes, I mean, what you could see years ago was high buildings but also a lot of small houses, slums, homeless people… but however this last time I was living in Shanghai there was a lot of multinational enterprises, a lot of big shopping centers… “You could feel money there”.

The last time you have been to China, Where did you reside?

I lived a half year with my parents and my sister and another half a year just with my sister. We resided in a rented apartment in Shanghai.

“You could see the sun”

Was it difficult to adapt to the manners of the country?

No, It wasn´t so much because as I had already been there some years before and the situation at those times was much worse and when I arrived the last time everything had changed, there were less pollution, you could see the sun, that was what more impacted me, that you could see the sky.

How do the native people receive and treat the Western people?

In big cities such as Beijing or Shanghai, or more specifically in Shanghai which is a business city right now, people are used to dealing with foreigners and they give you a kind treatment. It´s important to know that Shanghai is a city of coming and going, few people stay there. However when you leave the cities and go to small villages they look at the tourist as in a strange way for the simple fact of have white skin because they have no conscience of the external world.

We know that in China there exist a lot of censure, did you feel it?

Yes, I felt it so much. I felt it especially on social networks because for instance Facebook, YouTube, some documents of Google… are censored and the only way that you have to access to these networks is buying a kind of software which function is done as if you were connected from America in order to nobody realized of what you are doing.

“The life in China is too fast”

Child poverty or exploitation of children is a hot issue in China; did you see a lot of children begging on the streets?

The two first times I was in China I saw a lot of kids begging. Actually, many of them were begging accompanied by their parents. What´s more, you were on the streets at 10 pm (at this time almost all Chinese people are sleeping) and there were a lot of poor families trying to sell you anything and they pursuing you until you said “bu” that´s means no in a very strong way.

As we all Know China is an emerging country, can a person who lived there during a time feel it?

Yes, you can feel it in less than a month because the life in China is too fast. That´s why I overwhelmed, at half of the year I overwhelmed very much but then, it was very good because you learn a lot, you coexist with other cultures… it´s a very good experience. Chinese people do everything very fast; that´s why not always do the things so well, if they want something now, they will do it immediately.

You were studying at one university in China, how was your integration there?

Yes, I studied Chinese at Shanghai Jiao Tong University during a year. In this university there were some buildings and in the building where I studied, there were just foreign people, most of them were for America and Asia, and you only could find three or four Spanish people. My teachers were very young and all of them were graduated in English. It was a good experience to learn mandarin Chinese.

“China is a perfect country for

working but I would never

want to settle there permanently”

I know you are the first person that is studying in the UEM who is going to study to China with the Red Laureate. How do you feel and how will you expect to spend that semester there?

Well, I am disappointed that I will be the first person, who is going there. Next year I´ll study at Xi’an Jiao Tong Liverpool University which is around Shanghai, so I know this area and it is very nice. I´ll rent an apartment; I will be more alone than the other time because I will not be supported by my parents but I know people there and I know that they will help me. Moreover, this university is very international and I know that I will meet a lot of people.

According to finish, would you like to settle permanently in China or working with something related to China in the future?

I have always said that China is a perfect country for working but I would never want to settle there permanently. As I have already said in China everything goes so fast and that stress me so much. But I know that in China there exist a lot of job opportunities and more if you know Chinese as is my case, so probably I will work there, I´m sure that I´ll learn so much knowledge there.

By: Sara Setién Ceballos.

Li Zhou, Shiyi ;Life of a Chinese person licence on Spanish literature and philology.

Date:18 May 2012

My name is Li Zhou ,Shiji.
I have a degree in Spanish Philology and I live in Madrid, although I am from China where I was born and grow.
I have honors in International Studies Politics and Economics and also am the director of Department of Chinese at the New International Centre College of Madrid.

Mi nombre es Li Zhou, Shiji.
Soy Licenciada en Filología Hispánica y vivo en Madrid, aunque soy de China, donde nací y crecí.
Tengo matrícula de honor Altos Estudios Internacionales en Política y Economía y, además, soy directora de Departamento de chino en el New Centre International College de Madrid.
By/ Por: Virginia Mazón

What is your native country? Y what city did you grow up?
My native country is China and I grow up in Beijing.

What have been your studies and did you graduate?
I have a degree in Spanish literature and philology.

How did you get the idea of pursuing a career in Spanish philology?
I have always like languages, my whole life.

When did you come to Spain for the first time?
I came for the first time in 1999.

I would like, if it’s possible, you could tell me about your stay here, in Spain. As jobs, teaching, and city of residence…
I came the first time as an intern in the Spanish agency for international cooperation. Then I studied information science at the Complutense University of Madrid. And then I came back in a year and started working with companies, China’s embassy and then with Mapfre, with the company Mapfre. Then I began to teach, I love teaching, I feel more valued. And now I teach Chinese and Chinese culture in different education centers.

In reference to your working life, have you worked with issues related to international relations?
Almost all my life. I was a national correspondent for the Chinese press. Traveling to other destinations as a correspondent, we covered top-level events such as the Olympics, the United Nations meetings and then at the regional level, South America and other Spanish-speaking countries, covering all political summits, industrial and other. Always trying to get close to the Chinese embassy.

Would you might to argue about who is been working in newspapers in large organization such as is the UN?
The best, for me has always seemed the best experience of my life, because you know a higher level what is happening in the world and you find out what people on the street does not know ever. You start to look at everything with a broader and more objective.

In which other countries have you been living?
China, Argentina and Spain. And traveling arround many others.

What were you doing during your stay in Argentina?
Intended as a correspondent in the Chinese press.

Do you have plans to go back to china?
Oh, I for myself I will go tomorrow. Much, in recent years as I see my city Beijing has improved a lot has a spectacular development with all that entails problems, and good things or bad things. In general has improved a lot and I have really wanted to live, which I lost in the last 10 years. Because of being in Spain I could not live nearby.

Are you still going to China often?
Yes, at least onces at year.

Does China shows any difference from four years ago? That is, China as a great power has been developed over the years, yes, but is that what you can feel when you go to China?
It scares me a lot, is impossible. I return to my city and I get lost, because I don’t know the streets, there are lots of new construction and there is a change not only the city’s physical but socio-economic development. Is huge, very big. But I think overall is positive, but like all societies there are people who are affected.

Currently, is China still poor as it was years ago?
Is that China has different realities. China has a highly developed (the area of the coast) has never been too bad. What happens is that there is another China that China is the deep, rural China; agriculture still lacks a lot of promotion, which I think is doing the Chinese government to improve a lot and I think that has always existed and will exist in poverty a country as large in certain regions. I wish that will improve, but do not notice it as something neither new nor of a lifetime. I think that’s what happens to a country as large. As the U.S., which has a social layer but many know that the U.S. has many problems, what happens is that China is a taboo subject.

Is censorship a controversial issue today? Do you think that people is affected by it, or believe that is just a form of security?
I believe that China has much control of the press, but I from my own experience I have no problem doing propaganda to anything because I’ve lived out many years. For me, no country or press is completely objective in all countries is controlled by the interests of something or someone. In China is very controlled but I always trust that control completely is for the good of all because it is a country that cannot afford any kind of political instability because it can cause a disastrous change for most people.

Is shown censorship in the U.S. or China?

Li Zhou, Shiji in the right side. Virginia Mazon in the left side.

I cannot compare, but we have to be very objective. We cannot criticize without knowing the U.S. the press is at the hands of the Jews because they are the most powerful economically, and then in China is more political. But I believe that anyone, from the point of view of a Westerner has to understand that is a country with large populations and not as much land as is believed, because there is a third party that is uninhabitable. So with so many people, if it is not controlled with a strong hand could be very dangerous. I strongly agree with that.

What is your vision of the near future? Would you like to return to your home country or stay more years living in Spain?Unfortunately everyone knows that now Spain is going through a very bad step and I personally am not going too badly because exactly why China and the Chinese are having more work but still I have a lot like going to China to live. To li

ve a good stage of China and to escape a worse stage of Spain everyone is suffering.Thank you very much for attending this interview Zhou Li, Shiji, I hope not to have taken a long time.

¿Cuál es su país natal? y ¿En qué ciudad creció?
Mi país natal es China y crecí en Pekín.

¿Cuáles han sido tus estudios y en qué te has graduado?
Soy licenciada en literatura española o filología hispánica.

¿Cómo se te ocurrió la idea de estudiar la carrera de filología hispánica?
Siempre me han gustado los idiomas, toda la vida.

¿Cuándo viniste a España por primera vez?
Vine por primera vez en el año 1999.

Me gustaría, si fuera posible, que me comentaras un poco sobre su estancia aquí, en España. En cuanto, a trabajo, enseñanza, ciudad de residencia…
Yo vine la primera vez como becaria, en la agencia española de cooperación internacional. Luego estudié ciencia s de información en la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Y luego, volví en un año y empecé a trabajar con empresas, con la embajada China y luego con Mapfre, con la empresa Mapfre. Después, me puse a enseñara, me gusta mucho la enseñanza, me siento más valorada. Y me dedico ahora a enseñar chino y la cultura china en distintos centro de educación.

En referencia a su vida laboral, ¿has trabajado con asuntos vinculados con las relaciones internacionales?
Muchísimas casi toda la vida. Yo era corresponsal nacional de la prensa china. Viajaba a otros destinos como corresponsal, cubríamos eventos de máximo nivel como por ejemplo, los juegos olímpicos, las reuniones de las Naciones Unidas y luego a nivel regional, Sudamérica y otros países de habla hispana, cubriendo todas las cumbres políticas, económicas, etc. Siempre procurando estrechamiento con la embajada china.

¿Podrías comentar cómo ha sido eso de trabajar para periódicos en grandes organizaciones como lo es la ONU?
La mejor, para mí siempre me ha parecido la mejor experiencia de mi vida, porque conoces a un nivel más elevado lo que está pasando en el mundo y te enteras de lo que la gente de la calle no se entera nunca. Empiezas a mirar todas las cosas con una visión más amplia y más objetiva.

¿En qué otros países has estado viviendo?
China, Argentina y España. Y viajando por muchos países.

¿Qué estuvo haciendo durante su estancia en Argentina?
Como corresponsal destinada de la prensa china.

¿Tiene planes de volver a China?
Oh, yo por mí mañana mismo. Mucho, los últimos años como veo mi ciudad Pekín ha mejorado mucho, tiene un desarrollo espectacular con todo lo que conlleva de problemas, y cosas buenas o cosas malas. En general ha mejorado muchísimo y tengo muchas ganas de vivirlo, cosa que he perdido en los últimos 10 años. Por estar en España no he podido vivir de cerca.

¿Sigues volviendo a China de vez en cuando?
Sí, casi siempre, todos los años por lo menos una vez.

¿Se muestra en China alguna diferencia con respecto a cuatro años atrás?, es decir, ¿China, como gran potencia ha ido desarrollando a lo largo de los años, sí, pero ¿eso lo nota usted cuando vuelve a China?
Me asusta casi. Muchísimo, es imposible. Yo cuando vuelvo a mi ciudad me pierdo, porque las calles no las conozco, hay muchísima construcción nueva y hay un cambio no sólo físico de la ciudad sino socio-económico. Es abismal, es muy grande. Pero yo creo que en general es positivo, aunque como todas las sociedades hay gente que está afectada.

Actualmente, ¿sigue China siendo tan pobre como lo era años atrás?
Es que China siempre tiene diferentes realidades. China tiene la China muy desarrollada (la zona de la costa) que nunca ha estado demasiado mal. Lo que pasa es que existe otra China que es la China profunda, la China campesina, agrícola que le falta todavía mucha promoción, cosa que creo que está haciendo el gobierno chino para mejorarlo mucho y yo creo que siempre ha existido y existirá la pobreza en un país tan grande en ciertas regiones. Ojalá que se mejore, pero no lo noto como algo ni nuevo ni de toda la vida. Creo que es lo que sucede con un país tan grande. Como EEUU, que tiene una capa social pero muchos sabemos que EEUU tienen muchos problemas, lo que pasa es que China es un tema tabú.

¿Es la censura un tema polémico en la actualidad?, ¿Cree que la gente se ve afectada por ello, o considera que es tan solo una forma de seguridad?
Yo creo que en China hay mucho control de prensa, pero yo por mi propia experiencia no tengo ningún problema en hacer propaganda a nada porque yo llevo viviendo fuera muchos años. Para mí ningún país ni ninguna prensa es totalmente objetiva, en todos los países está controlado por el interés de algo o de alguien. En China está muy controlado pero yo siempre confío totalmente de que ese control es por el bien de todos porque es un país que no se puede permitir ningún tipo de inestabilidad política porque le puede causar un cambio desastroso para la mayoría de la gente.

¿Se muestra más la censura en EEUU o en China?
No lo puedo comparar, pero tenemos que ser muy objetivos. No podemos criticar sin saber que EEUU la prensa está a manos de los judíos porque son los más poderosos económicamente hablando, y luego en China es más política. Pero yo creo que cualquier persona, desde el punto de vista de un occidental tiene que entender que es un país con mucha población y no tiene tanta tierra como se cree, porque hay una tercera parte que es inhabitable. Entonces con tanta gente, si no se controla con mano fuerte podría ser muy peligroso. Yo estoy muy de acuerdo con eso.

¿Cuál es su visión de futuro? ¿le gustaría volver a su país natal o se quedará más años viviendo en España?
Lamentablemente todo el mundo sabemos que ahora España está pasando una etapa muy mala y yo personalmente no estoy pasando demasiado mal porque justamente por eso de China y el chino estamos teniendo más trabajo pero aún así yo tengo muchas ganas de irme a China a vivir. Para vivir una buena etapa de China y para huir de una peor etapa de España que todo el mundo está sufriendo.

Muchas gracias por atender a esta entrevista Li Zhou, Shiji, espero no haberle quitado mucho tiempo.