Interview with a businessman in Russia.

 

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I decided to interview a Russian businessman, called Tolik Politov. I’ve interviewed through his son, a student of UEM, as Tolik does not speak English or Spanish. I chose to interview this man because Russia has always seemed to me a very interesting country, and now everything is happening and what Putin is doing, I found even more interesting.

How does one become an businessman in Russia?

I personally have a company that I dedicate to import fruits and vegetables from other countries, but above all, have more dealings with Morocco and Spain.

And I get to become a businessman because I studied the career of Business,and especially because it was my vocation to become this, and fight until I got both. And also, I always say it’s very important to have technical knowledge to develop the company and a smattering of business management, because although you have obtained advisers, must have some notions for evaluating the work of others and make decisions.

What do you think of what Putin is doing with Russia? You do not think that in this way Putin can put your country in a war ?

Putin doing his work, and I think he do what all president need to do, he defend his country , and defend interest of Russian people. But now for example Putin show for all countries that in this world can go not like USA want.

Well Russia already in war with Syria, and this war versus terrorist . But war versus some country , I don’t think so. I will repeat that Russia just defend their interest.

What is your opinion about the sale of weapons in Russia? it is true that everyone can buy a gun?

In all country you can buy weapons … or you mean buy a lot of weapons ?

Well if some country want to buy weapons from russia, this all control government, but if you want to buy guns without papers, for this you need to know people! but like I already said have corruption in russia , and this people pay for government!

I will repeat , this happened in a lot of country!

What relationship has today Russia with Turkey ?

After all things what happened Russia want to end all relation with Turkey, we already closed line of planes from Turkey, we already put block for product from this country!

How is the economy of Russia?

Like i already said the government control economy, for me it means that we don’t have economy!

Part of the oil and gas revenues are taken to the budgetary system of the country in the form of taxes and fees. The degree of seizure changed over time. So, in the course of large-scale tax reform that was conducted in Russia in the 2000s, it has radically changed the system of taxation of the commodity sector: held resetting mechanism of export duties and introduced a tax on mineral extraction, which increased the share of oil and gas rents of captured state budget, with less than 40% in 2000 to 84% in 2005 .

This is currently over 98% of all the taxes for the use of natural resources and 100% of all revenues from foreign trade (including export duties on oil, oil products and so on. N.) Go to the federal budget, rather than regional. Therefore, the share of “raw” revenues in the federal budget is relatively high when compared with the same share of the consolidated budget (including in addition to the federal budgets of all regions and the budgets of state extra-budgetary funds). So, if the federal budget of 2008 consisted of oil and gas revenues by 50%, the same figure for the consolidated budget of the same year – slightly more than 3

But now government start helping with business , because we also have problem with Europe. And like this they want increase gdp, from export.
Also they create exchange(rialto) for sell oil/gas like this we in depend from dollar because like this countries should buy rubles for pay for oil/gas.
Russian economy sixth economy (as of 2015) among the countries in terms of GDP PPP over the world. PPP GDP of Russia in 2015 amounted to 3.717 trillion dollars . [2] Nominal GDP of Russia for 2015 amounted to $ 1.324 trillion
Sectoral structure of Russia’s GDP (as of 2014) [20]:
Agriculture and forestry – 4.2%
Mining and quarrying – 10.3%
Manufacturing – 15.6%
Production and distribution of electricity, gas and water, and other utilities – 5.2%
Construction – 6.5%
Trade – 18.4%
Transport and communications – 8.7%
Finance and services – 17.5%
Public administration, education, health and military security – 13.6%
But now government start helping with business , because we also have problem with Europe.
And like this they want increase gdp, from export.
Also they create exchange(rialto) for sell oil/gas like this we in depend from dollar because like this countries should buy rubles for pay for oil/gas

What is the salary minimum of Rusia?

The salary minimum of Rusia is 36000.00 руб (Russian Ruble) that In Euros would be about 460 €

 

By Manal Adbib Lahri.

Living and working in Japan perspective from a Spanish entrepreneur

By Fernando Mayoral Pérez

Raquel Herrán is a Spanish entrepreneur born in Madrid, she started her post-graduated on 2007 in east asian studies and decided to stay in Japan because of a Japanese scholarship to improve knowledge of the language and culture. And created her business with base in Spain wich allows her to travel between the two countries.

How did you end up with the idea of leaving Spain?

It came up as a lack of notion of the pass of time, the curiosity for the unknown and the desire to self-administer the means to subsist.

Do you think the conditions both labor and social, are better in Japan?

I think it’s a matter of attitude , I think the system could be improved? Yes , like everything . Infrastructure or working methods, but it is adapted to the existing cultural base. In Japan any task you perform is respected and therefore the service is usually good. In Japan you must fight to achieve, nothing is given away, there’s concentration and seriousness (generalized and necessary) . Imagine 18 million people living only in the city of Tokyo, each trying to skip steps… and that being a foreigner (and Spanish ) for certain things … deep down we have souls of pirates..

Do you consider your current experience positive ?

Sure, it’s a matter of saving barriers and thoughts, take away this weight to believe that we can not get to where we want. I want and I like to be positive, although there are low and incomprehensible moments … When you change your place of residence is a ” start over again” and miss everything. You take love/hate certain situations and when you look back to see your progress, how you have adapted , how many people you’ve met and the life hovers in moments that are so special , I can live with those memories when it seems that around you does not satisfy you and do not see what we have.

How are the Japanese at work?

From the point of view of manager of a foreign company in Japan, which has always attracted me most is the involvement of the Japanese staff in the running of the company. They arrive before the time to be ready from the first minute of their working hours. Never miss work, even ill come to the office. Constantly together so that everyone knows the work of their peers and can help. They only have two weeks of vacation a year, and can not catch them whole.

What could be exported from Japan in terms of support, training, management, etc. related to the business?

The key to Japanese success lies in the impeccable organization of their companies. From the last director to operator all strive in the same direction and make the organization run like clockwork. I believe that communication and solidarity that exists in the Japanese company (is like family) allows this operation.

Is there something that you still have problems getting used to of Japan?.

Actually I ‘m used to almost everything, but it still keep annoying me the communication problems and I do not mean the language. Sometimes it is difficult for the Japanese talk about feelings openly say what they think and feel , and so it is frankly difficult to establish close human relationships , whether in friendship or love. Of course , there are exceptions , each individual is unique and can not generalize, but in general , this has been my experience.

What is the story that happened to you in Japan there’s always ?

Normally I tell many , it is difficult to keep one. Living in a country so different for a long time , makes it happen a thousand anecdotes and unexpected situations, although I usually mention one that was particularly strange for me, in which I tried be nice with a little boy and the kid completely ignored me.

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In this interview I will focus on South Korea, for that I will talk with a man  from there, he is businessman named Lee Min Hoo.13177235_512285345629854_2413230981983031397_n copia.jpg

Do as Korean, consider that South Korea is a strong coruntry economically?  Has evolved for the better the economy of South Korea in recent years?

Between 60’s and 90’s South Korea economy was growing rapidly but,

Since 2014 the rate of economic growth South Korea (Yellow spots) is falling down.

Does the population of South Korea have a high economic level?

GDP(2015) of Korea is $37,975.

What is the salary minimum of Korea?

The salary minimun of Korea is 6030 won /Hour in 2016 (4.56€/h).

How many hours you are usually dedicate people to work every day?

On average many of korean work the 11 hours.

When it comes to getting a job, which is what you value most Koreans?

Before the looks or appearance was important to getting a job so, many of job applicants got plastic surgery but nowadays that is not more important than the capability of the individuals.

Is there a discrimination between men and women when selecting personnel to work?

In my opinion, the discrimination selecting personnel to work between men and women tends to decrease these days

As an entrepreneur, how do you consider the relationship of South Korea with Europe and the U.S.?

Depend which country the relationship is differente. At leasth I know the relationship with Spain is not bad.

Is there high exports in your country?

Depend on what product Sotuh Korea is exporting I can answer a question. But now I show you a table of exports goods ranking.

Export ranking Exports goods
Semiconductor
Petroleum products
3 Cars
4 Ships.
5 Flat panel displays and sensors
6 Wireless communication device
7 Parts of an automobile
8 Synthetic resins
9 Steel plates
10 Electronic appliance equipment

Which products you export more of them?

South Korea export many various products to Europe, For example, Electronic goods, Ginseng, Textile goods and automobiles are representatives

Have the same salary men and women in South Korea?

Unfortunately there is still wage discrimination. The average salary for men in 2014 was 38.590.000 won (29,176.72 €) and the average salary for women was 21.210.000 won (16,792.30 €)

Which are the most developed areas in South Korea? And which are the most poverty areas?

Do you know Gangnam Style? Gangnam is one of the representative area in South Korea like Plaza del Sol, Madrid. Until the early 1980s Gangnam and its neighboring areas had remained the least developed in Seoul, but a prodigious development over the last 30 years has earned it a reputation of being one of the most affluent, dynamic, and influential areas in both Seoul and South Korea as a whole.

On the contrary to this, In the northeastern of Seul, there is one of the most poeverty area called “Baeksa town”. this is squatter area. It was originally the place which the 20th division of Japanese military had used as a shooting field. In 1945, after the liberation, a government office of the U.S. army took over the place. However, its control didn’t reach out to the area and it was taken over by refugees from the North and returning citizens. It was the first start of the shanty town.It was known as the town for those who returned for liberation but lost their hometowns.

Are there high levels of pollution in South Korea and affects too much to the primary sector and the health of Koreans?

What pollution in South Korea you want know? Air pollution, Soil Pollution, Water pollution or in general? Anyway, Honestly I don’t know well about this. I just can answer you that every spring a lot of korean people suffer for the yellow dust and fine dust which come from China.

Do you change the political system of South Korea?

I would like to ask you again this question, you love actual political system of Spain? If no, you think you can change the political system now by something, For example, the vote, demonstration or anything. I’m a little sceptical about that, what is to change the political system is so difficult.

Tell us a little bit about their culture and their religion, and how their life style affects

Constitution of Korea, more better say, of Republic of Korea doesn’t admit the state religion. However, a lot of korean people believe in Christianity, Catholicism and in Buddhism.

It not too easy to tell you about the korean culture beacause that is so a lot. I think we’ll need at least two days. But, I just tell you like that. Simply, every korean culture like custom, personal character, food, clothes, etc is based on a system of philosophical, Confucianism.

Traditionaly, korean takes three meals a day. In general, say Europe is from bread culture and the other way, Asia is from the rice culture. so the staple food of the Koreans is rice. but many of foreigners misunderstand that korean just eats only rice. It isn’t true. they take meals with rice and various side dish: fish, soup, vegetables, etc. Most korean dish is strong or hot beacause they use chilli pepper and garlic much.

By Paula Manrubia Fraga

INTERVIEW

CURRENT AFFAIRS OBSERVATORY : ASIA REGION

Paula de la Iglesia Gonzalez, 6th June

I decided to interview a businessman from Thailand since I considered this one as a really interesting part of Asia and also because my friend, Premruethai SoonSuwan is Thai and her dad works there in the business sector, so I saw here a good opportunity to know more about their culture and how this sector is developed there.

  1. Could you introduce yourself? ( name and profession)

My name is Amnuay Soonsuwan and I start working 30 years ago in the catering industry because I love it since I was young and also because my parents had a lot of restaurants and hotels so I already had some experience working on that.

  1. How do you get to be a businessman in Thailand? Was it easy?

At the beginning I start working on my parents´ restaurants but then I decided to develop my own businesses. It was not hard at all because as I already mentioned, I had some experience.

  1. How was the business market there when you start working?

The business sector where I invested in was not difficult at the time that I invested (It was 30 years ago)

  1. Is there a huge competition in your business sector? Which is the best sector to invest in?

Yes, there is a big competition. I have a business in restaurant sector as well as a hotel, which in Thailand is so competitive because there are a lot of people who come every year to visit our country and there are a lot of different options for our tourists.

  1. Would you recommend going there to find a good job related to business administration?

I wouldn’t recommend people to come to Thailand in order to find an office job especially in Thai companies because the working culture is not ok (leaders are bossy and if you are not working in the critical position, you cannot perform your efficient job as much as you want.

  1. Is hard to find a good job if you don’t speak Thai? ( In the case that you just speak English )

It is not hard in terms of working in the international companies but in the case of the Thai ones, it is better to be able to speak Thai. Otherwise they would probably choose the candidates who speak Thai.

  1. Is there any kind of discrimination with women who want to get their own business? Do men and women get the same salary in Thailand?

Not really.

Men and women get the same salary according to their position and work performance

  1. Is Bangkok a good city from Thailand to start a business? Why?

It depends on what kind of business, for example if you want to open a restaurant, bar, hotel or something related with this industry, Bangkok would be the best choice due to a huge number of population and market growth and also because it´s the capital of Thailand and there are a lot of tourists who come here and want to try our food and also, to get a nice hotel where spend their holidays.

However, if you want to open a logistic sector or a factory, outside Bangkok would be the best choice.

  1. Which is the best city of Asia to try a business from your point of view?

It depends on a perspective and what you want, but Singapore has long been a thriving business center, and is home to the Asian headquarters of major U.S. companies such as Google, Uber and Facebook. Also this city, situated on the major sea route between India and China has a huge potential for market reach.

Another interesting city to invest in would be Hong Kong, the city’s proximity to Mainland China gives companies a competitive edge. Furthermore, as a major international finance center, Hong Kong has seen a growth of financial technology companies.

So I think both, Singapore and Hong Kong would be good choice to try a business.

  1. Do you think Asia is a good region to live in? Why? Have you been living in another city ?

Yes, I mean Bangkok is a good place to live in (I cannot give you any opinions of other Asian cities because I have spent my whole life living in Bangkok). Bangkok is the big city, where you can find everything: nice people, nice foods, great business opportunities, etc.

Also Thai culture is very interesting to many tourists as well as the amazing food, culture, shopping and temples are great reasons to visit Bangkok.

God, work and share. Three principal values for Greesh Chander Matta

Greesh Chander Matta is a Hindu business man born in Goraya, Punjab (a region situated in the north of India). He finished his studies at the age of 18 and he decided to leave his country and its poverty and started to travel around the world. For years and years, he lived in multiple conflictive and dangerous Asian countries; countries such as Lebanon, Iran, Pakistan and Jordanian. He arrived in Cologne, Germany in the year 1980 and married his first wife. He studied Economics in the University of Cologne and worked in the enterprise IGEFA as Trade Officer for decades.

Due to his origin, Mr. Matta has support and funds multiple non-benefit projects in India, especially in the region of Punjab, together with his brothers and sisters.  Every year he travels to the North of India during the monsoon period and helps the local habitants without any profit. Religious, charismatic, hard-working and supportive will be the best adjectives that represent him.

As he says, his travels around the world have changed its view of life. He was taken prisoner in the Lebanon Civil War in 1975 for one year, period in which he did forced work for the Israeli Government.

I will remark one detailed part of the interview, in which he explains his fear and anguish during his caution:  ‘’I will never forget sleeping watching the stars, then in the building there was no roof because of the bombing. Every morning I saw multiple corpses on the streets and I heard persons crying for their death familiars or friends. It was just terrifying. I think I could die more than ten times, then I could hear and sense the shoots in the street’’.  His family achieved to contact with the Hindu Embassy and they managed to free its son after a year of captivity.  After this period he decided to collaborate as volunteer to help poor and defenceless people, especially in armed conflicts.

Religion has been a key point of his life. During the first Indian-Pakistani War in 1947 its parent’s family was forced by the Muslims to abandon its house in Lahore (actual Pakistan) because of their religion. They lost all what they had and immigrate to Punjab to start a new and peaceful life, although the religion riots are still present in the north of India. His mother’s family lives in the province of Jammu, in the conflictive region of Kashmir. On the other hand, he considers himself as a devout from the Hindu religion. Although religion has been always a conflictive issue, he believes that everything happens in this life for one reason and we must adapt to it: religion.  He goes every year to pilgrimage to the Himalayas Mountains for praying for worshi

His opinion about this conflict is very clear: the inefficient British government is guilty for this conflict, then they colonised this countries and after the Second World War left them without any kind of stable government and frontiers. Thousands of people has suffered and are still suffering the violence of this never-ending conflict, while any external organisation or government ends this conflict.

After discussing about violence caused by religion the interview was focus on the economical power of India. As economist he thinks that its dynamic homeland as an incredible power on the global market that stills increase year after year. The most striking economic power about India resides in the tertiary sector, specially the areas of technology.  After its university studies he encourage enterprises around the world to invest in the Indian market, although he is conscientious of the corruption, and security problems that exists in its country.

But he remarks that not every country has the advantages that have India:  political stability, a huge amount of resources, the high quality of the workers because of its multidisciplinary education and, at least but not less important, its increasing population. During the interview we talk about the new economic Asian panorama. A panorama in which Japan is losing its balance power, China is battling for its supremacy in the South China Sea and the ‘Tiger Nations’ are increasing its economy. He also remarks the improvement in the relationships between EE.UU and India, because of the necessity of the EE.UU of a new alliance that balance the power of the Asian countries.

All in all, to conclude the interview we talk about his participation in NGO’s, such as Anesvad or Save the Children. For him, education is the only way to eradicate poverty and gender inequality.  ‘’India is a country were the woman are not taking in account and they are treats unfortunately in the majority of the cases as animals, specially the Dalit women. Through education we can change this national injustice that doesn’t leave India to maximize its economy. What sense makes that a woman has fewer rights than a man? Just because you are a woman you have to suffer the violence of other men? The answer is easy for an educated person, but if you are born and educated with this mentality you will answer yes to that question ’’. He worked in different religious local NGO’s in Punjab to offer free education for kids.  He ends its interview saying that it is in our hands the change, and we must decide if we want to help or not.

Chander Matta India

Greesh Chander Matta during a religious ceremony in Punjab. Property from Mr.Matta

By Santiago Sánchez Schwab

Are we the foreigners responsible for prostitution in Thailand?

The West has always been seen as the dissolute, immoral and corrupt part of the world from many perspectives. Should we redefine our position?

If we talk about the illegal prostitution and the sex-slavery trade in the emergent-underdeveloped countries which is Thailand there is strong discourse and opinion indicating that the prominent prostitution and it is coinciding boom in the industry, sex Tourism (which accounts for 3% of Thailand’s GDP per year) is a direct result from Western influence and demand for such services. Is this proposition accurate or correct?

This question make us reflect about this ‘dangerous‘topic.  Dangerous because this world-epidemy is the new business from the twenty-first century, an industry that generates more than 108.000.000$ per year.  Human trade is a less lucrative business, generating ‘just‘32.000.000$ per year. After knowing that, who wants to study hard to create an enterprise?

The UNO (United Nations Organization) recognizes cases of sex-trafficking only if the girls/women are crossing borders. But what happens in the cases of women in Thailand that are kidnapped, beaten and sexually abused inside the country without crossing any border?

To fight against the illegal prostitution in Thailand, we should fight the source of the problem and cut the root of the issue. Instead of thinking that it is a external problem, we must fight against the local people that stimulates and promote such crime. If the Thai Government fight and exterminates this problem, the world community and the rest of the states would see Thailand as the hero of this issue. In our opinion, the local people that abuses of this women have the same, or even more fault as the tourists.

I will be exploring the origins of prostitution in Thailand, as well as the ebbs and flows that it, as an industry, has experienced. Also will touch upon the influence that globalization has had on the prostitution market in Thailand as well as the cultural and economic factors that sustain the environment.  Previously prostitution in Thailand was legal because it generated huge profits through taxes, however nowadays prostitution there has become illegal since 1960 when a law was passed under pressure from the United Nations.

That´s why Thailand’s teen pregnancy and HIV infection numbers are worryingly high, and the fact that sex remains a social taboo only makes for a tough battle. Despite being well known for a large community of ladyboys and gay friendliness, Thai society lacks understanding and knowledge about gender rights. While sex is in part intuitive and subjective, many aspects of it actually require education. And before sexism, homophobia or anti-sex enters the list of social values of so called ‘Thainess’, we need to talk about sex.

From our point of view, this problem has to be faced in order to prevent this society of the risks that it generates for women.

Prostitution is illegal in Thailand and still there are estimated 500,000 sex workers, if you include all the freelancers and sideline girls it gets close to a million. A good explanation why the authorities don’t take steps against prostitution might be because there wouldn’t be enough prisons in the country that can house them all. And police officers don’t mind anyway to let the bars close late at night for some extra cash in hand (bribes) every month.

After reading this, do you think that everybody take pleasure of their human rights? Does not sound a bit ironically phrases like ‚ ‘no one can take away your human rights ‘or ‘you have right to live without any kind of torture‘.

Horrific murder of Kerala ‘Untouchable’ sparks outrage and protest

INTRODUCTION, WHAT HAPPENED:

The despicable rape and murder of a woman occurred May 4th 2016 which lead to angry demonstrations which were dispersed by police from Kerala using batons and brute force. It happened after the mutilated body of a student from the Dalit community (whom under the discriminatory caste system falls under an ‘Untouchable‘) was found, mutilated in her home.

The student murdered was 30 years old and she was found in her house by her mother , her body had several stab wounds, and her intestines had been pulled out during the attack. Attacks like these have increased threefold in the last 4 years and the sheer lack of police enforcement to resolve issues or even hold people accountable has ignited anger and fueled protest.

Furthermore, the police have released a sketch of a suspect and said they were looking for a man seen leaving the victim’s home. The police mentioned that they can understand peoples reaction but also that they have very little evidence to find the accused. However, it is clear that India has a problem with protecting it’s citizens and justice is a pleasure not many people are afforded.

Kerala protests

Angry protesters calling for police reform

Protests were held outside the hospital where the victim’s body had been taken.

Unfortunately, this tragedy is part of the routine of the majority of the Indian women. The statistics are alarming, every 22 minutes an Indian woman is raped. That means that in 2014, 92 women were rape per day (without taking in account all the Indian women that decided to remain silent and do not report the attacks). Aren’t the statistics alarming?
The National Crime Bureau of India reported in the year 2014 337,922 cases of aggression against women, and rape being one of the biggest social and security problems for the women in India.

It seems as if only the most horrific and gruesome cases make the international headlines and the standout factor in this case is that many protesters argue that it is the caste of the victim an ‘Untouchable’ which lead to the initial apathy in the Kerala Police Department. The justice system in India is renown for being lethargic and lagging in resolve and cases of rape seem to be one of the biggest problems. Three and a half years ago on 16 December 2012 a young woman named Jyoti Singh was brutally gang-raped and murdered after being lured onto a privately-hired bus in the sub-continents capital city New Delhi.

Asha Singh, mother of rape victim Jyoti Singh, and her sister in law Savitri Devi

Delhi rape

Protests over Jyoti Singh’s murder 

Similarly, critics of the Indian justice system argue that there is blatant inconsistencies with efforts and attempts by police and other authorities when situations are regarding minorities in the Indian community. Singh was a Sikh who’s independent religions followers only make up 2.5% of it’s population and are predominantly in the Punjab region.

Although the rape is in itself something disgusting and inhumane and an act most people consider to be random, the News Agency Reuters reported that 90% of the sexual assaults are committed by people known to the victim. “Across the world, it’s well known that stranger rape is not really the problem, and the majority of rapes are committed by people known to the victims,” said Ranjana Kumari, director of the Centre for Social Research, a Delhi-based women’s rights organisation.

Has the human lost all its humanity and fond? What is going on so wrong in this economic and democratic power state so that a father, uncle or cousin decides to rape and traumatize some member of its family? Is not family a synonym of protection and security?
This general issue affects every woman in India, but specially the Dalits women (women who belong to the lowest caste system). This women are deal with a specially cruelty and are consider the ‘slaves of slaves’ since their born in this chauvinist and traditional society. Statistics are sufficient for finding a solution to this new pandemic: UNO reported that every day, four or five Dalit women are raped.