12 febrero, 2014
“Watergate” is a general term used to describe a complex web of political scandals between 1972 and 1974. The word specifically refers to the Watergate Hotel in Washington D.C.
These illegal activities included campaign fraud, political espionage and sabotage, illegal break-ins, improper tax audits, illegal wiretapping, and a “laundered” slush fund used to pay those who conducted these operations.
In June 17 of 1972, five men were arrested in a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington. Two moths later, seven men, including two former White House aides, are indicted in Watergate break-in. In the following year, five of the men plead guilty to conspiracy, burglary and wiretapping. Two stand trial and are convicted. Testimony before the Senate Watergate Committee reveals that all of Nixon’s White House conversations were taped. In 1974: The Supreme Court rules Nixon must hand over the tapes.
House Judiciary Committee approves three articles of impeachment: obstruction of justice, misuse of powers and violation of his oath of office, and failure to comply with House subpoenas. Finally, in august 9, 1974, Nixon resigns becoming the only U.S. President to have resigned from office. The additional pressure: impeachment proceedings in the House of Representatives and certainty of a conviction in the Senate.
On 8 September 1974, President Gerald Ford granted Nixon a full and unconditional pardon for any crimes he may have committed while President.
His successor, Gerald Ford, immediately pardoned Nixon for all the crimes he “committed or may have committed” while in office. Although Nixon was never prosecuted, the Watergate scandal changed American politics forever, leading many Americans to question their leadership and think more critically about the presidency
Washington Post reporters Woodward and Bernstein relied on anonymous sources as their investigation revealed that knowledge of the break-in and its to cover-up reached into the Justice Department, the FBI, the CIA, and the White House. The primary anonymous source was an individual they nicknamed Deep Throat; in 2005, former Deputy Director of the FBI William Mark Felt, Sr., admitted to being Deep Throat.
All this has related to the Barcena’s case in Spain. That refers to the corruption scandal in Spain following the publication of extracts from handwritten accounts by its former treasurer and senator, Luis Bárcenas, the so-called “Bárcenas papers” (los papeles de Bárcenas), indicating that the ruling “Partido Popular” (PP) had, for many years, kept a parallel Bookkeeping system to record undeclared cash donations and which were used to pay bonuses to senior members of the party.
The documents cover the period from 1990 to 2009, and suggest that regular cash payments had been made from a Slush fund, including payments of 25,000 euros ($34,000) a year, for eleven years, to the current Prime Minister, Mariano Rajoy, including, according to El Mundo, during three of the years he served as minister in José María Aznar’s government.
The facts were that in July 17, 2009, the Supreme summoned the then treasurer of the PP as a defendant for alleged bribery and against the Treasury. Days later, on July 28, Bárcenas temporarily resigned as treasurer PP, resignation became final on April 8, 2010.
The millions who took Bárcenas Switzerland and the alleged payments to ‘black’ to PP leaders have resurrected the case.
On January 31, El Pais published the alleged accounting Bárcenas that Rajoy and Cospedal mentions, among others.
Two days later, Rajoy read a speech in which he categorically denied having received or dispersed ‘black’ money.
Comparing the two cases we can say taht in the Watergate case there was a lot of presion pressure from journalists of the newspaper The Washigtoon Post; Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, because they iniciated the investigation and they obtained a lot of important information so this investigation was the cause of Richard Nixon resignation.
For other hand, in Bárcenas case, firstly the main information has published in the newspaper El Mundo on 18 of January of 2013, and then the rest of newspaper for example El País. It published a accounting in “B” of Partido Popular (the famous papers of Bárcenas). After this research that it finished in a lot of judgments and a lot of imputed people, but the president Mariano Rajoy not designed.
The presion of the press of United Stated was more than in Spain. Firstly, the journalists discuss about if it is a research journalism or intelligence coverage because of the methods that used the two journalist of the Washington Post, about one of this one he wrote a book that said that he was a CIA agent, this supposed some contacts and information sources and this help to the investigation.
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Alejandra Almanza, Melissa Cabello, Carla Chaverri, Miriam López, Laura Lugo, Ana Martínez, Sonia Medina, Carmen Sánchez-Dopico y Pepa Vida