Progress of the World‘s Women, transforming economies, Realizing rights.

Two months ago U.N. Woman released a new report called “Progress of the World’s Women 2015-2016, Transforming Economies, Realizing Rights” which exposes the consensus on the need to achieve gender equality and how since 2009 regions have begun to empower women and girls. Luiza Carvalho, the U.N. Women’s regional director of Latin America and the Caribbean draws special attention on how Latin America showed the most progress in empowering women through progressive labor laws in pay gap in particularly in countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Ecuador and Uruguay. Now women earn 19% less than men when they used to earn 40% less.

Although it is a large progress, is closing the economic gap enough for this gender injustice? Last week, one of our colleges was explaining her trip to Buenos Aires to visiting her family, she said “It amazes me how men sexualized women on the streets. Everywhere I looked women were treated as a beauty product, and even if I was walking with my mom men would whistle at me and comment on my body or things they would do to me”. Not only economic inequality should be change, but also the cultural concept of women in Latin America.
Gallup conducted a survey in explaining how respect and dignity was lacking for women in Latin America: Less than half of adults in 17 of the 22 Latin American countries surveyed in the past two years said women are treated with respect and dignity in their own countries. Also anther survey conducted by the PEW showed that both men and women agreed with the statement that “a wife must always obey her husband – only in Argentina (31%), Chile (24%) and Uruguay (23%) opposed.

In the survey conducted by “Progress of the World’s Women 2015-2016, Transforming Economies, Realizing Rights” said that the transformation of the Latin-American economy should begin with social changes taking into account the power of women and thus will build strong generations who support women’s rights. Therefore women may have good jobs with safe working conditions and good pensions in the future because unfortunately the 83% of women are engaged in domestic works.

Woman progress could be supported by educating the Latin American population, that the issue of education was the main topic in the Commission on the status women Social and legal. The main objective is to seek equality between men and women in the economic, political and social spheres but also supporting the rights of girls and strengthening education.

equality for woman

François Hollande and leader Fidel Castro along with his brother the President of cuba, Raúl Castro gathered in a historic visit that France was the first country of the European Union approach to Cuba.

This 11th of May Mr Hollande was the first French president during a 5-day stay to  visit Cuba since 1898 as well as the Western European leader on the Cuban island since the eighties. This meeting has taken place five months after the declaration between Havana and Washington, focusing on the re-enforcement of the business and diplomatic relations between France.cuba and france pic

President Hollande started the day by giving the head of the catholic church in Cuba, Jaime Ortega, the french Legion of Honuor award. Later Hollande held a speech for an audience at the University of Havana following an encounter with Fidel Castro at his home. This meeting was attended by the first Cuban vice President, Miguel Díaz–Canel and the Governments of France and Cuba.

As new opportunities open for Cuba as a result of their relation with the United States growing better and better. Furthermore other nations will start looking at Cuba in a different light and try and exploit the opening of a new country to the world. The french president said “ he wanted to be the first among European nations, and the first among Western nations, to be able to say to the Cubans that we will be at their side if they decide themselves to take needed steps toward opening up”.

France will try and achieve this by announcing a plan to double the number of scholarship to be able to give cuban scholars to continue their studies in France and also increasing academic and scientific cooperation between the two nations. In addition to these measures both presidents have talked about opportunities in other international sectors, along with this, Francois Hollande said that it not only intends to strengthen relations with cuba but also want to enlarge and thus overcome future stages.

A very important step for the future of Cuba is that President Holland has asked his country’s support for the deletion of the embargo imposed by the United States. “Everything that can make France to allow new, decisions confirming that opening, that those measures which caused much damage to Cuba could finally cancelled, deleted, so that each country will be respected with its own identity, this is what we have to do” François Hollande.

Nicaragua Canal

Nicaragua has agreed together with the Chinese group HKND that will spend $50 millions to construct a 178 mile canal that will change South Americas economy trying to make Nicaragua its main benefactor opening more opportunities unifying the Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean. The Construction of the canal has already begun but the time estimate for this project will take place during the next five years.Nicaragua-canal

It all took place in July 2012 when the Nicaraguan parliament passed Law 800 which ensured a legal statement for the construction of the Interoceanic Canal (which will last 11 years). Later, the project’s scope was established by the singing of a memorandum of understanding and the Deed of Cooperation between the HKND Group and the Canal Committee.

On the 13th of June of 2013, the Master Concession Agreement was made official by the Nicaraguan parliament with the HKND group; this meant that the HKND group gained the sole rights over the entire project of the Nicaragua Grand Canal (including other related projects) within the next 100 years. On the 14th of July  Daniel Ortega and Wang Jing held a conference to officiate the project internationally.

 The President of Nicaragua Daniel Ortega also invited Russian companies to collaborate in the construction of the Nicaraguan Canal. Similarly, VenezuelaBrazil and Argentina are willing to cooperate despite the economic crisis affecting their countries and other Asian countries such as South Korea or Japan joined in this partnership. On the other hand countries as Mexico or Panama are completely against the project and for United States the emergence of a new trade route is a challenge and a serious blow to its prestige, basically because United States controls the main sea routes: the Panama Canal, the Suez Canal, as well as the main trade routes that pass through Singapore and Gibraltar.

 The main reason why this canal was thought is to into a hub of global trade making a new canal linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans for supertankers and bulk carriers that are too big for the Panama canal. Taking over some of Panamas business and making Nicaragua more known internationally. Hopefully if everything goes well, the Nicaraguan government will try and bury their poor economy with the wealth the canal is supposed to give back and the Chinese company is hoping for a lot of income in return and more jobs available.

Although everything seems positive there are protests against this project. Those who are against claim that the canal will ruin many natural reserves and protected areas as well as forcing families to leave their homes at certain places. But despite the protests, the Chinese have measured up the land and are making preparations for the construction to begin. And to deal with the situation The HKND is expecting to announce compensation packages over the next few months for the families that are being forced to leave their homes.