9 junio, 2016
Loeb, S. (2016) The peace process between Farc and Colombia. Retrivied from: http://mundo.sputniknews.com/americalatina/20160204/1056386647/colombia-farc-santos-teme-sabotaje-proceso-paz.html
The Republic of Colombia is located in the northwestern region of South America, is comprised of a unitary, social and democratic state and has a presidential government, whose current president is Juan Manuel Santos, in turn President Santos enters into new talks peace between the Government of Colombia and armed groups ( “Guerrillas”) in Havana (Cuba), initiated in the early years of former president Andres Pastrana Arango since 1998, meetings between both sides already passed a first test in meetings Oslo (Norway) and now for the second time in Havana (Cuba).
On 27 May 1964 the government of Colombia launched a military operation to conquer a zone of communist influence in the central west of the country. Manuel Marulanda Velez and 47 other men, fled and fought creating the tenth world’s most dangerous terrorist group of guerrilla character self-proclaimed Marxist-lenista operating in Colombia and in the border area with Venezuela, better known as the FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces from Colombia).
There are many rumors that the armed group FARC, was giving space for dialogue because of their lack of resources as weapons, medical supplies and etc. not having as get the new measures to combat drug trafficking in Colombia often linked to the guerrillas that group. The government of Juan Manuel Santos remains steadfast against the threat of the armed group and does not rule out further attacks while peace meetings continue.
The reasons are still fighting for peace in Colombia, they are directly related to the 50 years that meets the FARC group, known by many as “Fifty years on fear of FARC” years of murder, kidnapping, robbery, businesses and illicit smuggling, all obviously denied by the leaders of the armed movement. The peace talks in Cuba will not take into account the crimes of the past five decades, since according to the organizers of this important event, it is important to spend every chapter at a time, but will participate in these meetings last May 13, members and victims of group. Negotiations are at a slow pace but optimistic, President Juan Manuel Santos is flexible and gives some requests to one of the leaders of the FARC (Timoleon Jimenez), the population of Colombia does not have direct access to treaties until they finish. The armed group as data grows every year and fear of a significant surge makes peace agreements as quickly as possible be resolved:
|Table 1: The FARC’s Growth from 1986 to 1995|
|Year||Number of fronts||Number of members|
n.d.a., Growth in FARC .Retrivead from : https://www.tni.org/es/node/1464
We know about Colombia?
Through an interview with the Minister Plenipotentiary (Juan Manuel Uribe Robledo) of Colombia in Spain, performed by students of the Universidad Europea de Madrid can consist with legitimate information echo that the problem in Colombia as it would in any other State, he goes there in fighting a country against a specific group, geographical and historical issues Moldan present of Colombia, and the main problem we have to popular dissatisfaction according to the Minister, does not advance for results while the the State- “five years is too much for one life, five years for the state, few steps” -Colombia is among the 6 most unequal countries in Latin America and has one of the strongest industries, despite that, has problems such as the fight against unwanted traffic and mobility within its borders is inevitable.
According to UNHCR (The UN agency refugee) in Colombia more than 330,000 Colombians have fled the country because of the last 50 years of internal conflict, seeking asylum, and many to not get it, do not continue to seek alternatives offered by the government, in many cases they join armed groups creating a vicious circle difficult to solve, where a problem does another major problem.
Colombia has more than 5% of its population in slums or indigenous tribes in the Amazon, once again with the geographical factor influencing in many cases vulnerable to ideologies of different control groups people.
It is important to remember that there are many factors that compromise a country to act on behalf of their interests, armed groups in Colombia do not fight for the interests of Colombia, fighting for proprios and unfairly with Colombian interests, is a country suffering terror and every minute of dialogue is divided a little more, Juan Manuel Santos is one of the major international players in the fight against terrorism in America, and their attitudes against armed groups in Colombia, obtained the power to give the country.
There are different views in the country, some speak eradicate the FARC and other justice, but together, always speak of the duty to protect the peace, human rights protect the idea of the rights to life, between the sword and the wall ahead of us the future of Colombia?