INTERVIEW: BY MARTA HERVÁS

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I have interviewed Rocío Caparros Del Moral, she is a woman who has been working in an international ambit, she has worked in Ver CV, UNESCO, European Spacial Agency and nowadays, she is working in the International Astronautical Federation.

I have asked her about her job in the European Spacial Agency in Paris, she said that it consisted in coordinate people who has other nationalities in specific themes about the space and to promote the “vulgarization´´ about the space to get a better knowledge for the necessities to intervene in the Science and the Technology of the citizen and in the Politics.

She started working in the European Spacial Agency because she did not like university and she had a scholarship in Investigation and Teaching. Working with the number one person in the Space: Gabriel Lafferranderie was her dream. At first, it was really hard, but she worked with him until he had to left the job because of the age.

Now, she is working as a director of Political Affairs in Andalucía, in a multinational in the Aerospace World and in the Defense.

The job consists in Strategy, Marketing and Operations. She needs to understand all the things, to achieve to productive talks. She needs to do that the Chairman´s Office have clear ideas and that the foreign institutions respect us and protect us as a key for the region. She is the “ diplomatic´´ of this enterprise.

I have asked her about the advantages of working with people from other countries and she said “flexibility, training (she has to practise many languages), culture and friends, all the things are benefits’’, she wanted to work in an international ambit because she had curiosity about discover new places, new cultures and she really loved the Outer Space, she wanted to make it a more popular topic in Spain because in other countries it was very popular.

I have asked her about her profession and she said “you must be very fickle, precise and serious with the information that you work with, your private life is sacrificed, your image is the enterprise´s image, you cannot overextend anything. On the one hand, you have to be very brave and throwed out but on the other hand you must take care with the risk´´.

We talked about how she would describe her job to someone who does not know everything about this, she said that she has to talk to people from other countries, she has to prepare everything and she has to prepare the information for all the people who does not work in her enterprise to get the correct level with the different countries. She is always living in a “Services Commission´´, every day is different, one day she has to prepare the urgency plan and other day she has to work in the institutional representation “the worst part´´ she said. She likes when she has difficulties because everything looks impossible but she has to find a solution.

At the end of the interview, I asked her for an advise for a student who wants to work in the same job than her and she answered “at first, I would ask him some stuffs about that student and his life and personality, then I would analyse the student and at the end I would give him/her the advise.

By Marta Hervás Díaz

Shedding the light on one of the most important car companies

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It was a great Opportunity to interview the Communications and Public Affairs Director of Ford in Spain Ms.Laura Barona.

In the interview  Ms. Laura has talked about the challenge that ford is facing world wide, how ford managed to overcome the crisis of 2006, the celebration of  Ford’s 40th anniversary coming the following year (2016) , the cooperation between the leaders of Ford and The Spanish Government, and how ford is currently competing in the automobile market.

Ms.Laura Barona,54,was born in Mexico City and she have lived most of her life there,”I had the opportunity of studying in several schools during my elementary and high school years”.she said. she studied 1st to 5th grade in two different bicultural English-Spanish schools in Mexico City,then she went to live with her aunt in a small town near Boston, Massachusetts, where she studied her 6th grade, then she was enrolled at the Licée Franco-Mexican (a French school), where she had the opportunity of studying high-school and senior high.”Having studied in such schools, I speak fluent English and French. Also, moving so many times from school to school allowed me to learn to adapt fast to new environments and meet many people…Even though I can say I was still very shy”.

After finishing her senior high school,she decided to study visual arts at the National School of Arts in Mexico City,After two and a half years,she started studying Computer Science at the Anahuac University.”everybody questioned me about what both degrees had in common… I guess that nobody – not even me -, had any idea on how computers would change our lives, and what we were going to be able to do with it… Even if I had no idea of the future, I always answered that someday I would be able to do art through computers” she said.

 

Working as Communications and Public Affairs Director of Ford was not easy to get Ms,Laura worked in many different places and departments before working at Ford,her first job was at the Canadian Embassy, in the Immigration department,but her first job in the communications department was at  the Mexican Investment Board.
“From that moment on, my entire professional career has been in that discipline”. Ms,Laura said about receiving an invitation to join Edelman,(a US based PR agency).In 2009 she was invited to collaborate with the Mexican government,working for ProMexico as Institutional Relations Executive Director and In 2011,she was invited to join Ford of Mexico as Communications Director.
As for Ford, she said that it has been present in Europe for over 100 years. It is presence started in 1903 through importers who for many years brought vehicles to Europe.She added that in 1911 Ford opened the first manufacturing facility in Europe which currently has a strong manufacturing footprint with 24 plants.
As for sale ,she expressed that Ford has always had a wide offer to satisfy their customer needs . She also added “it has been popular that Ford have over 10.000 orders “.She said that Ford’s presence is strong in Europe. She continued by saying that their share may vary and their competitors vary depending on specific market.She explained by an example , Ford closed a strong October and year to date performance across many markets in Europe.She said Ford was market leader in total vehicle sales in the UK and sales leader in Hungary year to date.She concluded by saying that Ford achieved market share improvements in 14 of 20 traditional European markets.
she mentioned that the main challenge that Ford is facing currently is to bring the company to profitability in all regions,while offering their customers the best products.
“We were ready to face the crisis (2006)”.Said Ms,Laura Ford hired Allan Mulally, a visionary that helped structure the company in a way that made Ford the only US car manufacturer that did not need the US Government support.

Concerning the help of the Spanish government she said in February 2015, our CEO Mark Fields came to Spain to celebrate our latest investments: 2.300 million € from 2011 to 2014 – the greatest investment in the automotive industry‘s history in Spain.

She explained that this investment was used for new facilities , new Modeo , and CD platform vehicles and since 2011 more than 900 robots were added.
Moreover , she said that with this investment the employment had increased from near 5000 in 2013 to over 8000 in 2014 . The daily production had also grow from 1500 in 2014 to 1900 vehicles by the end of 2015.
She did not forget to mention that their good relationship with the government and the unions had made this investment become concrete.
She answered the last question about their future plans by saying that they are always looking into having a strong footprint around the world and they are now focused on having a strong business and use their manufacturing capacity according to the markets’ needs.
Written by : Salem Eradad

Spain as “the first fishing power in Europe”

        Rafael Centenera is the actual Deputy Director General of “Agreements and Regional Fisheries Organizations”, belonging to the Spanish “Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment.” His work is based on three international areas: fisheries agreements with the EU / third countries; Regional Fisheries Management Organisations; and Reporting. He has managed important international agreements and relationships reaching his actual position.

Captura de pantalla 2015-11-25 a la(s) 18.52.41   Rafael Centenera at the right, with the interviewer, Alejandro J. Cordeiro.

        Rafael studied Biology at the “Universidad Complutense de Madrid” and specialized in zoology. After that, he took a master on Fishing and Aquiculture that gave him the necessary knowledge in order to do a public examination to become “Optional Superior Technician of Autonomous Bodies” of the Ministry. Meanwhile he has been for two years in the European Parliament at the Department of Studies defending Spanish fishing interests. Throughout his career, Mr Centenera has met many people with power within the EU and international relations.

        About this experience in Brussels, he has the opinion that, as it is a co-decision authority, it must be more informed and must take the scientific studies more into account because there is a lot of political power and influences by different lobbies with particular interests. Besides, the “European Commission has become too technocratic, and sometimes forget their obligation to defend the interests of European industry. It should work more with the sectors that are involved.”

        Mr Centenera is so proud of Spain because is “the first fishing power in Europe and therefore has a lot to say, and the Commission listens with attention when we have any problem”. Even though, there is not any special benefit because the UE has to treat each country in the same manner. Mr Centenera says that Spain have “an outstanding fleet in relation to technology and fishing capacity”, with ships “in every ocean and in the whole world”. Spain is “leader in production and commercialization in Europe”, with a fishing value of “2.500 millions of euros per year” and a commercial value of “4.600 million.”

        In the interview he have explained the way international fishing is regulated. First, scientific researches and studies are carried out in order to have a better knowledge. Later, a certain management is applied and regulated. Each country is in charge of its coast until 200 miles and the part of international waters are “regulated by the regional fisheries organizations; all within the Law of the Sea of 82, and a series of standards that had been created”, about the obligation to cooperate. In the same way, there exist international and national laws that regulate the environmental aspects of the fishing activity, “a social, economical and environmental sustainability is necessary” because “in order to have healthy resources we need healthy habitats and we think that this is very important”. He argues that we have to take care of pollution and global warming because they affect the habitat of the fishing species.

        When asked about the international agreements that Spain have reach and its importance, Mr Centenera said that Spain exploit the European waters within the Act of Accession of Spain at 86, and that Spain has 15 international agreements all around the world and by all the oceans, showing that the Spanish fleet is “one of the most dynamic fleets of the world”. For example, there are very important “the agreements with Morocco or Mauritania, the first because of neighbour-ship, and the second because it is the most important for the Spanish fleet by number of vessels.”

        In order to have gotten such agreements, it was necessary a negotiation. Mr Centenera has been actively involved in achieving many Spaniards agreements. He has told us more in detail how it works: “First, you have to show an interest in access to water within a country; the EC requested a mandate to negotiate the agreement and then the negotiation starts with the 3rd country. Obviously you can only access resources that are surplus. And later you begin to discuss technical issues. Rafael has take part in the negotiations like the Mauritanian one, which “has been closed after two years.”

        Rafael also has explained the problem with Gibraltar. Due to de Utrecht Agreement, Gibraltar has not right over the 12 marine miles, but its fishing ships consider that they do have and they do not let the Spanish fleet exploit that zone. So “a truly artificial conflict has been created” that goes “beyond fishing”. Although Gibraltar hasn´t an authorized catch for blue fin tuna, they have assigned themselves “10 tones of tuna without asking anyone”, something that has been already put under the EU knowledge to be regulated.

         To conclude, Mr Centenera talks about the next general elections of Spain, showing his support to every party that allows “to continue defending a sustainable activity as it is done now”, that protects the interests of the fishing sector. He considers that “Partido Popular” (PP) “has performed nice these four years in relation to fishing issues”; that “Partido Socialista Obrero Español” (PSOE) “also has done good thing at their times” and that “Ciudadanos” “suggest measures that we like.”

Author: Alejandro J. Cordeiro, student of Business Management and International Relations.

Interview: “Working in a NGO”

 

“Save the Children” was founded in 1919 in London, in order to can growth to children from Germany during the Great War. It is very interesting to carry out this interview with a person who works in this NGO, where they want to avoid child poverty, defending their rights and freedoms. Actually they are working, principally, against the global poverty, in order to all the children can go to school, they can eat and they are as normal children.

Maria Jose has been working in this NGO since 2011, as a psychologist. She is degree in Psychology and she has a master about how to treat for children in order to improve their behavior. During her period of time in the University, she had to work caring children, while their parents were working or they were out. This experience was very useful for her, and probably one of the reasons she is working with childFullSizeRender.jpgren now.

She is mother of two children, and she admits that it is necessary they learn, since they are young, the things in the life are not free and not all the world have the same luck than them. Surely, the next month, during Christmas, they will want a lot of toys as presents, and the adults have to concienciate them that there are a lot of children who have not money and they are not going to have any present, so it would be enought one present per child. The most important during that date is to be all together, as a family.

The main task, which Maria Jose realizes in the NGO is to meet with the children and their families in order to be able to find some solutions to improve their lives, all together. Children are innocent and people dependent on their parents, so it is considered necessary that the meetings are conducted with parents and children. In addition, parents in many cases also need psychological help because they are frustrated at not being able to give their children the necessary economic and family stability. With the economic crisis and cuts in social benefits, more and more families are facing these problems in Spain, where this fact is very worrying as a third of the children are at risk of poverty. These meetings are very useful, but not always are easy. She thinks one of the worst things of her job is when the parents cry during the meeting, because they think al lis their fault, they are the adults and they should offer the best life to their children.

During the interview, she has explained to me her point of view about the positive and negative aspects of her job. She is thankful to can work in helping to improve living conditions of children. She would like to can do more things, because it is sad that in the 21st century, there are many children living in poverty, and in some cases, they do not have anything to eat. She would recommend to people who wants to work helping to improve the situation of the children in some places of the world, work in NGO’s or collaborate with them, because it is a good way to give meaning to their lifes. It is very important too, the work of the volunteers who help to children who can not go to school daily or they need more time to learn, depending on their personal situations, through school reinforcement.

Globally also address issues such as abuse and violence against children, many of them in developing countries are forced to leave school to become “soldiers”. On this subject, Maria Jose believes we should educate our youth, to know the reality experienced other boys of the same age in other parts of the world, and really know how to value the opportunities they have as large. In our society, we used to have everything at our fingertips (to some extent, of course), seeing beyond, and we have to worry about creating a society that is not selfish and fight for others by volunteering or helping people around them.

To conclude the interview, on the current situation of refugees arriving in Europe from Syria, José María is very clear: we can not turn our backs on thousands of desperate families fleeing their country because life there untenable. Moreover, he argues that we are in the worst refugee crisis since the Second World War, and therefore, we were not really prepared to house so many people. The treatment should receive these people, mainly is psychological, because they come to a new country for them and totally desperate and fear of what they have suffered. From “Save the children”, he says, they are sending numerous teams to work offering help.

 

 

 

Sandra Merino Portero

Dicre y Relaciones Internacionales

International Rioja´s wine world

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Fernando´s wine company

The last week I had the pleasure to met a very important business man in my Region, his names is Fernando Leza Garcia. The name of his company is “Bodegas Leza Garcia” and is a familiar company. He rules the company with his other two brothers .This company is one of the wineries that has more exports. He rules the company with his other two brothers.

Fernando has begin his career from collector and has end as the merchant business, but he steels like doing some work of recollecting. His company start to sell outside the country in 2001  because the Spanish market started to get smaller for his company. For that reason he has gone to a lot of countries like China , USA, Germany ,etc. To sell his wine. He has learn a lot of different countries and now he has his mind more open for different experiences in life.

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Fernando has tell that always in his journeys are something in some countries that he doesn’t like or he can’t understand, but he has to respect the other cultures and traditions if he wants to be respected and if he wants to make good a deal. He has tell me exciting stories about his journeys but he always says that he wants to spend more time with his wife and sons. He had tall me that this kind of work is very sacrificed for him because it consumes his energies and for his family because they have to live long periods of time without him must to be three weeks out of home without his family.

I have asked him about the Catalonians situation if in the case that they get independence would that afect him. He has told me that of course but not only because he will have less clients is because the clients of Europe and outside of Europe are going to see Spain and his companies something more week and less attractive. We were talking more about Catalonian and his situation with Europe so I asked him about Europe and how they help ,he has answer me that sometimes they help and sometimes they do it wrong for example France invest China for the quality of removable energy products has been made, so Chinese government start to spy not only French companies they spy all European companies and stop buying European products so that affected his benefits. The good thing is that Europe support companies like him giving some economic helps.

When we started to talk about Europe we started to talk about politics and how he see the actuall situation of Spain and what he prevents for the elections of the 20th of december, he smiles me and sayed to me “I know you´d ask this question, In my opinion the old political parties are not doing enough to show people they have change for better, so they are going to lose a lot of votes, now, in my opinion there are new political parties that in my case I am more related because they are more moderate than others that are more in other worlds”

Before finish I ask him something more relaxed, I asked him if he has met a famous personality like  a politician he told me that in all his travels around the world he has met a lot of influencial persons in many worlds but he has told that for him the most important person was a very influential politic in China. When he met in business they make a good relation so they deciden to see again in Spain in La Rioja that week all the village he as the Mayer of the village start to prepare everything for his arrive. Fernando thinks that that couldnt be only something for the village so he called the president of La Rioja and explained the situation. The president accepted happily to preside all the visit and show the guest the most important things of our little world. This meeting not only benefited his company it also benefited the rest of our region and companies.

I finally asked him if he recommend to students, from International Relation as I am, his job. He told that depends of your personality. But he finally tall me that he recommend to young people this kind of work while they are young because when you get older you started to don’t give the importance that this kind of work deserve like discover new cultures , tradition and education that may be new but not worse for that reason

 

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Written by Alvaro Rubio

Student of International Relation at UEM

Europe must not sleepwalk into war on the back of misguided confidence

“Hawkeye: War isn’t Hell. War is war, and Hell is Hell. And of the two, war is a lot worse.

Father Mulcahy: How do you figure, Hawkeye?

Hawkeye: Easy, Father. Tell me, who goes to Hell?

Father Mulcahy: Sinners, I believe.

Hawkeye: Exactly. There are no innocent bystanders in Hell. War is chalk full of them – little kids, cripples, old ladies. In fact, except for some of the brass, almost everybody involved is an innocent bystander.”

 

On Wednesday we stood together. United by compassion, united in grief. We made a pledge – We Will Remember Them.

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Source: Stephane de Sakutin/AP PHOTO

 

It only took three days to break that pledge. Three days to disremember the lamentation of a futile war, and hype up the prospect of a new one. Three days to bang the drum of war again.

The attacks on Paris were an “act of war… and when faced with war, the country must take the appropriate decisions”, said French President François Hollande not 24 hours after the sickening climax to Friday’s senseless violence, which has so far claimed 128 lives. When taken in the context of other remarks he made on Saturday morning – that France knows how to “mobilise its forces” and “defeat the terrorists”, Monsieur Hollande’s ideas of ‘appropriate decisions’ become clear. France has already for months been bombing ISIS in the Middle East. The next logical step – the only next step – is boots on the ground.

Those boots would probably have European feet inside of them. France, as a member of NATO (as 25 other European nations are) can invoke Article 5 of the NATO Treaty  – with many actors already encouraging France to do so – forcing the organisation to take any “such action as deemed necessary” against ISIS. No prizes for guessing what the hawks at NATO will see as ‘necessary’, despite previous military action consistently failing to achieve long-term goals in that region. Because it’ll be different this time.

 

“Blithely they go as to a wedding day, The mothers’ sons.”

– Katharine Tynan

 

A strong NATO coalition could surely sweep through the country and wipe out extremists in a matter of months. Although, the supremely-funded Soviets never managed it despite being there for years. Neither has NATO in Afghanistan, or the UK and US in Iraq. But I’m sure it’ll be different this time.

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Source: NYT

 

And by marching into the region, we can save civilian lives, not just take ISIS ones. The huge civilian death tolls from the NATO campaign in Afghanistan and the UK / US campaign in Iraq were extremely unfortunate. But rest assured – it’ll be different this time.

By clearing out the incumbents, we can stabilise the area. Perhaps the Soviet and NATO campaigns in Afghanistan, and the UK / US campaign in Iraq were just outliers. Because once democracy is installed and instilled, there will be peace this time. Because it’ll be different this time.

And because our forces are so strong, so powerful, and because we know best, we can ensure that the ideology of terror dies with ISIS. The cropping up of new extremists during and after each past occupation is indicative of job not fully done, for sure. Military action will work this time. It’ll be different this time.

 

“Offer the Ram of Pride instead of him.”

– Wilfred Owen

But, on the off chance that the same problems could occur, maybe we should step back for a second and consider. Consider the grimness of war – as terrible today for the families of those lost as it was a hundred and one years ago. Consider perhaps different strategies. Look at our current strategies, which have contained the spread of ISIS geographically, and served to weaken ISIS in the past few months. Do we really need boots on the ground now?

But first and foremost, we must consider our haste. It’s often said that we shouldn’t search for perfect solutions, that perfect is the enemy of good – but do we really want to put lives on the line for ‘good enough’?

 

“Theirs not to make reply,

Theirs not to reason why,

Theirs but to do & die.”

– Alfred, Lord Tennyson

 

We must remember them.

Trick or treat? Erdogun’s AKP claim surprise victory against backdrop of terror

According to “Council on foreign relations”(1)  political conflict between Kurdish violent groups and Turkish military forces angered by side effects of the Syrian Civil War, nowadays there is an intention of peace between two sides. The Kurdish problem and the Syria civil war its causing fear in the investors of Turkey, in words of The Economist“(2), that are afraid of inventing his money in a country with real problems that can reduce their benefits. Ankara bombing, according to the BBC” (3) ,was a demonstration for peace and culminated in the worst way possible, it occurred on Saturday morning. There was a powerful explosion followed by another explosion.In June were turkey elections but any political party had the m ReccepTayipErdoğan’s AKP romped to a decisive, surprise election victory on Sunday,winning 317 of the 550 seats in Turkish Parliament. But against a backdrop of increasing terror nationwide, just how did he manage it?

Erdogan-2_3489271b

According to Hurriyetdailynews (1), a Turkish newspaper, the main reason of the victory of the AKP in the Turkish election has been the fear in the population as consequence of the terrorist attacks in the country, made by the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) and ISIS. Throughout the run-up to the election, Erdoğan and the AKP have capitalised on this. His election slogan? “It’s me or chaos” (8).

Also, the AKP has increase in their votes because of the strategy of other important parties like MHP and HDP. According to The Guardian (3) the MHP led by Bahçeli are against any peace process with the Kurdish guerrilla PKK and they are perceived as a party “that says no to everything” by the population, according to ABC (2). Besides, the HDP is accused by various sectors to be the political extension of the armed group PKK.

The level of ‘fortune’ in chaos that has befallen Erdoğan has been greeted with extreme cynicism from opposition parties, observers within Turkey, and those watching on from outside. The question on the lips of everyone – just how culpable is Erdoğan for this instability?

Erdoğan has been seen as stoking the fire of anarchy by cracking down on dissent in the east. In June, a fledgling peace with the nationalist PKK was broken, and conflict resumed. The PKKs one-sided, voluntary ceasefire in October was ignored in favour of fighting (4). The Turkish police have become more heavy handed against opposition – over 1,000 people were detained in just one week in July (5). Those incarcerated have been met with ‘severe ill-treatment and abuse’ according to the Human Rights Watch (6). An attempt to setup a self-governing enclave in Diyarbakır in August was ‘brutally suppressed’ (4). The result of these actions, instability in the east – pushing voters to seek out a party that can ‘control’ the problems.

Other accusations have been far more treacherous.Regarding the inter-election bombings in Ankara and Suruç, the level of government culpability varies based on who is asked. Writing for The Guardian, Christopher de Bellaigue has accused the government of taking advantage of the crises by blaming the opposition for the attacks – accusations ‘so laughably implausible as to suggest that he wants to humiliate the bereaved’ (4). HDP co-leaderSelahattinDemirtaş has suggested tacit complicity through a failure to act on a known threat – “the AKP’s hands are red with blood, they support this terror” (7). Others go even further. Speaking with Truthout, Turkish journalist GürkanOzturan claimed implicit government involvement in the spread of terror, accusing the AKP of incorporating “tactics or methods that include hurting people” (9).

The truth likely lies somewhere between, and may never be known – but the result is not in doubt. Erdoğan has successfully created a siege mentality in favour of his beleaguered AKP. The question now going forward is; when will the terror end?