9 diciembre, 2013
I interviewed Kelly Thompson, she is a native teacher of the University Europea of Madrid. Kelly lives several years in Spain, here gives multi-level English classes to students of the University. The interview is about the system of education in the United States. Education is a human right that is the source that transmits knowledge, values, customs that define people. According to human rights, “primary education shouldl be compulsory and accessible to all free of charge”. Our recently death Nelson Mandela, President of South Africa, known for their movements against the repressions of his country, defended the education as “the weapon powerful that you could change the world”.
This law was approved the year 1966, from which the State committed to provide educational facilities to all it’ s citizens. The main objectives of education are developing personality, attitude, respect for the rights of the people, respect the values of their city, and have ethical principles. The education structure is the same in all the world, composed by primary, secondary school and University. In the transition from secondary to University will depend on each country. For example in Spain is needed to access the University high school, concerning United States need to make high school, which is a preparation for the University. The aid offered United States depends on each State, this is because it is formed of 50 States that are independent and are governed by different laws.
Primary and secondary education is free in this country. For younger children there are kindergartens where care for them until a certain age. Gives grants to citizens are nurseries in the United States as good developed country, so that the parents can play their work and at the same time their children are well care. Primary education is compulsory for all children. Parents can decide if they want their children to be educated at home this is called “homeschool”.
This educational method is regulated by the Government and the school to which you are attached. Parents must submit the curriculum of teachers who will teach their children, so the Government check that you have enough faculties. Educational content are delivered to parents that teach their children, at the end of the course at school and at home-schooled children must have the same academic level in question. Currently, a small percentage of parents choose this system, because it has many disadvantages for example children above all, do not know how to interact with kids his age. Secondary education is “mandatory” until the age of 16, starting from this age young people can decide if they wish to continue their studies or get to job. When young people decide to continue their studies, can get into college or a short-term training (“trate school”), here is a very broad academic offerings as a mechanic, hairdresser. These formations usually last about two years, mostly to give you greater ease in the labour insertion. There is also the possibility to prepare to enter the University.
Young people who at the end of secondary education want access to the University must be high school, which is usually free but depends on the State where it wants to develop. There are several public University and also University private. These universities are very expensive, but each one of them offers you a system payments that can be adapted to the student. There is a system of saving called “529 plan” in which parents can start saving when their children are young until they are the University. Depending on the State Government offers aid to college students for study such as scholarships of academic level and support depending on the economic situation of the family.
However, there are scholarships for the University to realize part of their studies abroad, but the student needs a good amount of money to keep, because the scholarship is not sufficient. In the last years of career, college students are training as temporary workers in companies that normally after finishing practices you engage as regular employees.