Wall or failure?

Interview to Pablo Raphael de la Madrid, 3/06/2017.

I’ve decided to interview Pablo Raphael de la Madrid, the new cultural Advisor of the Embassy of Mexico in Spain. He is officially the presence of Mexican essayist and writer as well as it is also the new Director of the Institute of Mexico in Spain. Since a few days ago is now shipping in their offices just in front of the Congress of deputies in Madrid.

We talked about the racist feeling that Donald Trump has highlighted in America: “Honestly. An antimexican feeling in the United States, either did not exist before, or we didn’t face it before. Now is acceptable to be openly antimexican: Mexicans are rapists, drug dealers, murderers, the “bad men” come from Mexico. This feeling is obviously not the majority, but is widespread. more than 60 million of Americans voted to Donald Trump”.

In addition, we talked about the effect of the wall after his construction. What about the consequences ? “After the construction of the wall, the result will be more economic than social. The main country which is continuously negotiating with is the United States, and this has been so since 1980. Millions of dollars daily cross the border between the two countries (but according to Trump the NAFTA is the worst U.S. economic agreement that has done in its history). The migrants will continue crossing the border illegally, the traffic of drugs will not be a problem, is easy to find other export system when one can win million euros with the sale of drugs”.

We have begun to talk about the Trump´s opinion. He told that Trump is a man with a very nationalistic view in politics. Trump is not a man with an ultraliberal international orientation that seeks a global cooperation at economic level through different international institutions. Trump wants to personally manage everything that has to do with the United States, meet bilaterally with all international actors. This type of populism exists also in Europe such in France, Holland, Poland… We talked about another important issue: What could make Peña Nieto to maintain the relationship with the United States? That choose: interest economic or honor of Mexico? Pablo told that Peña Nieto has been continually struggling to find common ground with the United States and be able to relax the political situation. The problem is that Trump does not follow the current and that he does whatever it takes to support their arguments.

Grandson wants to show to Trump that Mexico is a place of opportunities at the  economical, social and political level, and not an epicenter of crime, drugs and violation of the law. Pablo said that  “Peña Nieto never will accept anything against mexican´s dignity”. It is difficult to imagine that Mexico ever accept what would be seen as a humiliating and politically poisonous gesture for any ruler of that nation: turn a check to United States to Trump finances a work that Mexicans interpreted as a slap in the face against them. Pablo insisted on the consequences of the wall, seeing both concern for the environment (a very internationalized and currently very important topic). The wall simply would influence on the ecosystem, causing envalses of water for example. This, according to Pablo, should be an argument on the part of the international society to defend the non-construction of the wall.

The problem is that we are talking about the first world power and no argument is sufficient to convence. In addition, not only “Trump does not respect the environment with the construction of the wall, but it also recently decided to get out of the Treaty on the environment of Paris” according to Pablo.

Finally, Pablo told me that anyway, Trump can’t do everything you want. United States is a country that has spent 150 years as a democracy, is a country that has never had a dictator or any type of character with absolute power. All this thanks to its elaborate political system that is auto compensates and will re balances. In the USA you can vote against the laws of your own party, i.e., a democracy; in Spain for example without your vote against your party are at risk that you throw out. All of this makes that Trump can´t do all of he wants and make some limits to his power.

NICOLAS DALMAU, North America.

Interview with Luis Videgaray Caso, secretary of Mexico’s foreign relations.



In this project, I’ve decided to interview Luis Videgaray Caso. He is the secretary of Mexico’s foreign relations since 2017, before this position, He was a politician as a member of the Institutional Revolutionary party of his country. For that reason, I thought that He could answer my questions with criterion about the actual situation in North America, especially in Mexico and the United States. Among all my questions, the main topic was about Trump and his relationship with Mexico and the Mexicans, and how that relationship could affect Mexico’s economy in one way or another. Not just their economy, also their future as a country.

Luis Videgaray, firstable said that said that the economy in Mexico has obviously fallen down since Donald Trump got into the presidency of the United States because of his new policies, which go directly against Latin American countries and that are protectionist. This basically means that He wants a total isolation, Trump does not want to belong or be a part of something bigger (some institution) that makes this world, our world, more globalized. That is why He is against the European Union for example. He had always been in favor and supporting the Brexit in this case.

Well, going back to the Mexican economy, I have underlined these words of Luis V.: “The protectionist threats of the new American president will decrease the PIB (Producto lnterno Bruto) of the country into a 1% by 2017”. He also gave some examples of why this isolation policy will affect Mexico: “I want to let you know that the most part of Mexico’s exports go to the U.S., and at list 5 million of jobs depend on the trade with Mexico. But the most shocking fact is that before Donald Trump was selected the president, both countries, U.S. and Mexico, used to trade more than $1.4 billion in goods each day”.

With his words, We assume that Mexico’s economy, and not just their economy, also the most part of Latin American countries, has fallen and decreased with intensity since the new mandate in the White House.

Now that We have talked about Donald Trump’s isolation policy, I would like to share some of the words that Luis Videgaray gave me about the construction of the wall, one of the most protectionist ideas of Trump. Luis Videgaray seemed very convinced on that the wall would never be built because in United States, as He said, the balance of power between the president and the senate with its different cameras is very strong, so that law of constructing the wall would never pass the approval of the senate in his own opinion.

Luis Videgaray Caso also indicated that the own idea of building it is crazy and has a lack of common sense because the wall between Mexico and U.S.A. would put thousands of lives in danger, it would not be efficient against the Drug trafficking and it would also damage the environment for reasons that I’m not going to name right now.

As We see here, Luis V. has exposed his ideas and answers very clearly by supporting them with data and facts that everyone can find on the Internet, but lets see now what his future perspective of the situation and his description of Trump’s first 100 days is.

According to the president’s first 100 days, the interviewed added that these 100 days are not enough time to evaluate what He had done and what He will do in the near future. In his opinion, Trump has screwed up in some decisions like: firing the director of the FBI James Comey, cutting economical aid to not developed countries, trying to switch the Obamacare, etc… But as He said before, this does not mean that He will not accomplish merits or good actions that will create a better atmosphere around his administration. He also added that these first 100 days made evidence on that Trump had not political experience and that this was a sample of that. But hopefully, Luis Videgaray said that things will change and that these past errors from Trump will turn into at list better decisions.

To finish up with my interview, I’ve asked him about his future perspective of the situation in North America. He didn’t want to be overwhelming with his thoughts, but his inner voice tells him than Trump will be destitute soon or later but before his 4 years of presidency for sure. His arguments were that the republican is unpredictable and uncontrollable, and that is something that is not liked by the republicans in the congress. Luis V. says that republicans are nervous about that and also adds that none of them really knows what kind of policies Trump supports. He said: “They (the republicans) would rather see the predictable, christian and conservative Mike Pence, Trump’s vice president, as the new president”.

 Isidro González Vázquez


The current status of Mexico around the world.



This interview was held on June 5, 2017, in which we made a telephone appointment with Miguel Ruiz Cabañas Izquierdo, who is in charge of: Undersecretary of Multilateral Affairs and Human Rights at the Mexican Embassy. This telephone interview was based on a series of questions of the current Mexican and around the current situation and problems within North America, since it is the sector of countries that we have been working during the quarter in the subject of Observatory.

Firstly, the first question that he decides to make to the Undersecretary of Multilateral Affairs and Human Rights of the Embassy of Mexico on the possible construction of the wall and what may affect Mexican society. The first question was already “complicated”, since the main theme of the question, the wall, is something even as the interviewee, is something that is not yet real and something very complicated for Mexico. The interviewee, whose main position is the relations of his country with the United States and Canada, shows his disagreement with the possible construction of the wall. He believes that it is something that will affect both countries in the economic sphere, since it does not count every day, millions of transport movements are carried out between both countries and this wall makes it very difficult to enter and exit in each one of them, for What Mr. Cabañas Izquierdo, believes that this wall alone would bring conflicts and a “rupture” of ties between both countries. He believes that it is not a good decision of Donald Trump, with which he is not very conformable with his form of politics, and hopes that he does not take a corporal for the good of the Mexican citizens and also, of the American citizens.

In the second place, the most complicated question on the subject of the wall. A simple and direct question to the quality of the interviewee knew me to answer with certainty and security. The question was based on what was created and built this wall in a short or long term. Mr. Cabañas Izquierdo answered with the clarity that the construction of this wall was going to be very complicated and not as early as with the always “direct” Donald Trump, since the plan that has, the interviewee tells us, is that this wall Sea Funded by the Mexican citizens themselves and is something like the Mexican citizens and not even the president of the country, Enrique Peña Nieto, shares; In fact, the interviewee comments on a series of disagreements that have been seen between the two presidents. The interviewee ends this block of questions with a statement that calls into question the theme of the wall: “We will see what happens to the wall and with the insistence of Donald Trump.” This statement, we show that today it is difficult to know if it really is something that will be fulfilled since it has many people and much of the American society that is not in favor of this increase.

In the last place, I asked a series of questions about the state of Mexico as a country and with Enrique Peña Nieto at the front. In the first place, Mr. Cabañas Izquierdo, tells us that at present, with one of his last years (such as the increase in the price of gasoline in the country), led the royal president to find himself in a more complicated situation, Arriving To catalog a society divided around the thinking about the Mexican president. The interviewee, on the other hand, has succeeded with the presidency of Enrique Peña Nieto, reaching a reduction in large numbers of the unemployed in the country, the concept that has faced a growth of poverty and inequality inside Mexico, which has made the society of the country is in the situation, a normal circumstance, stresses the interviewee.

To conclude, the interviewee shows great expectations of the future for Mexico as a country, knowing that it will be a complicated road both inside and outside its borders.We are faced with a complicated future but always eager to face it, to continue to grow as a country and to promote an improvement in society and society.

Very grateful for being able to “steal” you for a few minutes in order to get to know Mexico and its current situation. A pleasure to be able to access a country with a lot of road and the caliber of Mexico, a very important country within America and the world itself. A country which has many open fronts and hopefully, can solve or liby in the best way possible for the country and its citizens.

A country with great expectations of the future and with an uncertain future around the presidency. What will purify the future with United States?


Interview with D. Manuel María Lejarreta Lobo, current Secretary General of the Institution Consejo España-EE.UU.


(Source: Transdoc )

Last May 22th I had the honour of interviewing Mr. Lejarreta, the current Secretary General of the Institution Consejo España-EE.UU. I began the interview asking about President Trump and the events that have influenced his election, as well as, commenting if the presidency might be too big for him.

Mr. Lejarreta answered saying that there are two main factors that could explain his victory. The first one is that many people from deep rural America have not benefited from the latest US governments and globalization has hurt them. They have wanted to give a mandate of disruptive power with a new president from a non-traditional political class who has a different mentality.

On the other hand, Hillary Clinton was a worn out candidate. “A lady who was already very damaged by the establishment” he said. Trump was a hope for those Americans who felt abandoned.

Other factors, like the rise of nationalism, as it is currently happening in Europe with Brexit or the fear of terrorist attacks, have determined his victory. One third of the crimes committed in the United States are by illegal immigrants, a very negative figure against immigration. A speech against immigration or in favour of highly controlled immigration is always welcomed by voters. Trump has exaggerated a lot on the terrorist issue. For Lejarreta, Trump’s messages are simple, populist and very basic, convincing large masses to vote him. Many of his promises made Trump win many followers.

On the question of whether Trump is prepared to be president, the secretary arguments that his profile is effectively not the most suitable to lead the United States seen so far, but the important part is the result.

Mr Manuel gave me an example in the economic area. The American stock market is increasing and the US economy goes quite well which means there is some confidence in Trump’s economic factors. Also many companies have reacted well in his protectionist proposals.

In addition, although the United States has a presidential system in which the president commands, there are some state control devices to help moderate. In that sense, although the work of the president is very important, not all foreign and domestic politics of the country are directed by him. In principle at the intellectual level, he has enough potential. We have to see his personal impulses and his way of leading companies. Being president is something very difficult but Mr Lejarreta puts his trust in Trump and in the possibility that he could be a successful president.

Then, we talked about some of Trump’s promises. We touched on the theme of his desire for the country to leave the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).

Mr. Lejarreta remarked that Trump is a protectionist and prefers bilateral agreements than multilaterals. He prefers negotiating directly with a country, face to face. The secretary added that we used to have multilateralism with Obama and, under his point of view, he prefers this system.

Regarding the US’ influence in the Asia-Pacific region, Mr Lejarreta completely agrees that the United States will not lose power in the area, because in his opinion, the Asia-Pacific region is the most important region for the United States and will continue to be.

He explained that the US has plans to make his fleet more present and has begun to establish trade agreements with Japan and South Korea. Consequently, he was sure that leaving the TPP will not entail a withdrawal from the area.

Of course, for China, it is very helpful that the agreement does not enter into force because apart from commercial, it also implied a regional political agreement of the countries and the less presence of the United States in the area, the more benefits China.

Once we talked about Trump’s relations with Asia, we started talking about relations with Europe, as well as talking about the relationship with Spain.

As with Asia, Mr. Lejarreta stated that relations with Europe would follow the same bilateral system. Trump does not want to negotiate with the European Union, but with countries separately.

Perhaps, Trump is not interested in negotiating with the EU, but the secretary thinks that Trump knows the transatlantic relationship is fundamental. He do not think it will even lower the level of relations in the military, security, defence … it may be a major change in the way of negotiating bilateral agreements, but it is difficult because the EU made a compromise in a community agreement and it will not be easy to negotiate separately.

Focusing on Spain, Mr. Lejarreta remarked that we are bound to be the little one and have good relations with the big one. Spain have to get along with the American government and its president, whoever.

Obviously, for Spain it would have been much easier with Hillary Clinton as President. First, because she has come to Spain many times, and secondly because her vice president, Tim Kaine, who is a friend of Spain, precisely presides over the forum Spain- U.S.A. of which the foundation Consejo España-EE.UU. is part. Spain has had to start from scratch with the new republican administration.

Spain is a good partner for the States. In terms of security, the bases of Rota and Morón are essential for security in the Mediterranean and as a platform for deployment in Africa and the Middle East, therefore we have very important elements that make the United States interested to get along with Spain.

As with all other countries, Mr. Lejarreta summarised that Spain cannot accept everything because we have our principles and we are part of the EU. But he thinks the relations do not have to be bad, much less, and of course our government will strive to get along. Only time could show the future actions of Trump and its movements in the international order.

                                                                                                       Laura Cañibano Ponce de León

ARTICLE 3: What is next for Donald Trump?

– What is next for Donald Trump?


Since the beginning of Trump’s legislature as the president of the U.S.A., his own decisions have been placed in the spotlight of every country worldwide. We could say that this choices and decisions have complicated the way of living of thousands of people, especially of illegal immigrants from Latin American countries or citizens who live in places with some rivality with United States.

Perhaps, one of President Trump’s biggest stumble during his first 100 days was trying to repeal and replace the Obamacare Act (plan focused on creating better access to affordable coverage in the U.S and signed into law in March of 2010 as the Patient Protection Act). The White House has vowed that some variation of the repeal legislation will pass in a near future, but the outlook still remains very unclear.

President Trump has also established a travel ban on Muslims entering the U.S. During his campaign, Trump initially called for a “total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering his country”. But over the course of his presidency, He decided to narrow the ban from all Muslim people to “any nation that has been compromised by terrorism”.
This failure is reflected when Trump decided to sign two executive orders banning immigration from multiple Muslim majority countries and both times Courts have halted the orders implementation. ( https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/feb/04/so-called-judge-donald-trump-attacks-decision-to-halt-travel-ban)

Finally, We have to support our thesis with the most controversial idea that He has tried to accomplish. Building a wall in the United States border with Mexico and make the Mexicans pay for it.
Even some Republicans leaders have voiced doubt that Mexico will pay for the wall. “No, uhh no” said the Senate leader M. McConnell when asked. (http://time.com/4696656/mitch-mcconnell-president-trump-mexico-wall/)
Also, Trump himself cooled the urgency for constructing the Wall.
So far, Trump’s Wall has yet to be funded, and Mexicans leaders have maintained that they will not be paying in the future.( http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-38753826)

We can conclude that’s the next steps of Donald Trump can be quite unpredictable with his actions in the past as trying to repeal Obama Care, the Muslim banishment and the construction of the polemical wall, there are uncertain statements for a president of United States, if even people of his political party are irritated and contradict what he wants as for example, the Senate Leader that said that the Mexicans will not pay for the wall. this only mean that his actions are going to the wrong direction of being left with a good legacy as a president.

North America


( Source: evcnoticias.files.wordpress.com,2016)

The last 5th of May, the chamber of representatives of the United States of America met to vote the project to revoke and replace the US healthcare reform law, approved by the democrats in 2010 and promoted by Barack Obama.

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, popularly known as the Obamacare, is a US healthcare reform law that expands and improves access to care to all the Americans, helping all those who cannot face great costs of medical care and providing health insurance to millions of people.

Considered one of the most ambitious reforms of the last decades and a great achievement in the presidency of Barack Obama, it may not be more than a failed project due to the desire of Republicans to derogate Obamacare and replace it with another policy.

The result of the encounter concluded with the victory of the Republican Party winning with 217 votes in favor and 213 votes against, with the very small difference of only 4 votes.

Since Trump arrived to the White House last January, one of the most polemical promises of his campaign was to substitute this project initiated by the past president, and since then, the republicans have focused on ending it, starting a war between the Democratic Party and the Republican Party.

Obama, annoyed, has begun to show in his first major political speech after the end of his presidency, his indignation by attacking all those who support the substitution of Obamacare, knowing all the damage that this would provoke among the weak, less economically privileged people, those who are in favour of the policy made by Obama.

Obama, a fervent advocate of universal health care access, said in a conference in Washington on the anniversary of Obamacare: “We finally declared that in America, healthcare is not a privilege for a few, but right for everybody”, defending all the citizens, especially those with more difficulties to pay the high rates.

On the other hand, Republicans have said that ending Obamacare and starting the “Trumpcare”, term elaborated by the newspaper ABC to refer to the reform promoted by the new president of the United States, does not mean leaving the millions of Americans benefited currently by Obamacare without medical care. Coordination between Secretary Tom Price and Republican leadership in the legislation will be essential to know what will happen and what policy will replace the Obamacare, maybe in the very near future.

The main difference between the Obama healthcare policy and the policy that Trump wants to do, supported by citizens with more resources, is that the actual president is looking to remove Medicaid (insurance health programme of the United States government), which provides medical coverage for people with low incomes, families and children, the elderly and people with disabilities.

Harvard Medical School and Cambridge Health studies found that 45.000 Americans die each year from lack of medical insurance. One way or another, regardless of who is in charge of the country, both the Democratic Party and the Republican Party should leave behind their differences to agree and develop a health policy that protects the health of all US citizens.




Article North America: Trump’s first 100 days of presidency … Failure or success?

U.S. President Donald Trump arrives in West Palm Beach, Florida, on March 3, 2017.

(Nicholas Kamm, AFP/Getty Images,U.S. President Donald Trump arrives in West Palm Beach, Florida, on March 3, 2017)

As usual, when a new president arrives to the White House, the media focus on analyzing his first 100 days of presidency in order to grade presidents according to their achievements and failures related to foreign policy and national affairs. And once they have that evaluation it is common for the media to compare those first months of presidency with the first ones of some other previous presidents who have gone through the White House.

This year the analysis will have more impact and repercussion than before, this is because the figure of Donald Trump, the new president, is kind of polemic and unpredictable, perhaps because his trajectory or because his declarations in con- ferences and meetings at national and worldwide level.

The trajectory of Donald Trump is very peculiar, because he worked during a long stage of entrepreneur and with certain appearances in reality shows. These are two of the most important factors for Donald Trump to be a different presi- dent nowadays, for good or for bad.

If we look back and focus on the period of time since Trump was named presi- dent, we can see that Trump won a large number of followers thanks to the con- troversial promises that he made, such as the construction of a wall between Mexico and the United States and restrictions on Muslim access to the country. As we see reflected in the newspaper “The Republic”, approximately 60% of those promises have not been fulfilled.

Other promises that he could not fulfill yet are: canceling payments to climate change programs, deporting more than two million illegal immigrants, and the promise of decentralize the education and push for its privatization.

Following the analysis process, we also have to include his part of the program that was achieved, as well as:announce the intention to renegotiate or withdraw from the North American free Trade agreement with Mexico and Canada, announce the withdrawal of the Transpacific association agreement, suspend the immigration of regions prone to terrorism or decrece the reconstruction of the Army.

As we can see many of the measures that the president has promised to carry out are very ambitious, difficult to meet or require large periods of time to be carried out. However, not everything has been failures and Trump has managed to fulfill in these few days many of his promises.

As a conclusion, we can say that Trump and his administration face a serious problem but in spite of the pessimistic comments directed to the performances of Trump and its party, the failures of these months are not as devastating as some may think. As CNN says “Trump will be low on the rank list. If he wants to be part of the pantheon of productive presidents, there is no way to make this case convincingly”.

But anyway, these first 100 days are just a very small part of his trajectory as the president of the USA and only the future and just the future will show us what is next.

Category: North America, Donald Trump,  american elections