Interviewing Doris

The person who I interviewed was Doris Seedorf. She is from Mexico, but she lives in Spain for five years. She works as an engineering cybernetic, in an enterprise which is called Softtek. Softtek is a global provider of technology solutions and services that helps customers to improve in the digital age.

I started the interview, first asking her some questions comparing the country where she is from with the United States. We talked about the increase of the Mexican inmigration to the US in the last years. She said that Mexico is a country with clear benefits due to its proximity to the US. She named some of these benefits: Mexico belongs to the treaty of free trade, with the US and Canada, for that reason, Mexico is the state that exports more products and services to the US; attending such a “strict” market, United State’s, has forced many Mexican companies to achieve certifications and quality standards, which later have served these same companies to sell in other markets; many people from the US come to Mexico (in volume and frequency); a lot of Mexicans have gone to live to the US sending foreign currency to their families; and finally, from last two decades whoever aimed to achieve a successful professional career had to know a certain level of English.

Later, I made her questions which were focused only in Mexico. I asked her about some issues like if the citizens in her country of origin had a feeling of insecurity living in a “dangerous” country, and she told me that nowadays no country is safe from all, but it is a reality that the Mexicans have suffered some problems of insecurity and some danger. These problems are not widespread all over the country, they have changed considering different areas and periods of time. Intertwining this issue with the following one, which is very similar, she said that they are totally used to see neighboring patrols walking in the streets, because it is an aspect with which they have grown since they were child.  After these questions I thought about one which was quite personal (do you think that the existence of citizens who have arms cause security or insecurity?) and I did not know if she was going to answer it, but she did it. She said that from her point of view it is not safe to bear arms, in any country and without the required preparation, because they can use them in a wrong way. She does not think that 100% of the Mexicans have one (in her family they are 7 brothers and sisters and 34 cousins and anyone bear an arm), and either the ones who do it, exceeded the 15%. Then I ask her about the “type” of education that someone has to have, to bear an arm (I would not be able to do it), question that she answered saying that firstly they have to be psychologically and mentally examined, and then if they are suitable, give them military preparation and a certain cultural level to use the arms responsibly.

The next question that I made her was based in the military, political, police, etc corruption. Mexico is a country where corruption has always existed, but in the last few years it has decreased. She said that after living for 5 years in Spain, the only difference that she would make is between the police corruption, because political and militar corruption is very similar in both countries.

Afterwards, we talked about the big difference that exists in Mexico between the poor and the rich class. She thinks that over time this will change and it will get better, improving the education system and the attitude of people, because sometimes these differences are presented with violence between both classes. Furthermore, there are a small number of areas in which the difference is very marked.

I finished the interview asking her about drug trafficking. My questions were based on how the Mexicans feel knowing that they belong to the country that more crimes commit regarding this issue. She said that the Mexican population is not proud of committing that offenses, but they see it as a serious problem and something that has created insecurity and big troubles. Unfortunately, the media has also done business with this, making TV shows of drug traffickers; perhaps that’s why some people think that Mexicans are proud of this deal, but they are not. Everything has to do with the cultural level of a large part of the population.

It was really interesting to interview a Mexican person, because it is a country that is developing and expanding, and now I know more things about it. Also I have learned how the Mexican population looks at their country.

 

Sara Itube

Gun control: a problem or a solution?

Last Tuesday a gunman walked into Reynolds High School near Portland (Oregon) with a rifle and shot a student to death before he was later found dead. This is the third outbreak of gun violence to shake a U.S. high school or college campus in less than three weeks. Last week, a man opened fire at Seattle Pacific University killing a 19-year-old freshman, Paul Lee, and inuring other 2 students. And on the 23rd of May, a man killed 6 people and wounded 7 more in Santa Barbara, California.

The incident in Oregon was the 74th school shooting in the U.S. since the December 2012 shootings in Newtown, Connecticut. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, in the U.S. about 1 out of every 4.5 million school kids between the ages of 5 and 18 dies from homicide each year at school or getting there and back, . That works out to about 10 to 30 kids a year, or about 1% of all kids who die from homicide.

The U.S.A. has more guns than any other industrialized nation, is it just a matter of personal security? Some people argue that they don’t expect the police to defend themselves because by the time they call the police, it’s too late. Therefore thy obtain guns for self-defence. This creates a vicious cycle: thief or criminal in America carries a gun because he doesn’t know if the other person (eg. owner of the house) has a gun. As Mr. Ryan Turner, president of Democrats Abroad Madrid, said in an interview: “So when someone enters your house, you are very scared because you think they carry a gun. Here in Europe in general, it might not cross our mind that the burglar has a AK47 Kalashnikov. Usually burglars are quick and they don’t normally use violence”

second amendment

On the 10th of June 2014, Obama showed his concern regarding the issue of guns’ control inside his country by saying: “My biggest frustration so far is the fact that this society has not been willing to take some basic steps to keep guns out of the hands of people who can do just unbelievable damage”

As response to the slaughter in Newtown, Connecticut, Barack Obama threw on January 16th (2013) the major offer on the control of weapon of the last two decades. The legislative offers were destined to avoid that the weapon comes to inadequate hands, to prohibit the sale of the weapon, to increase the safety in the schools and to improve the services of mental health.The legislative offers had three fundamental changes: to prohibit the rifles of assault, to limit the number of bullets in the loaders, and to extend the control of the precedents for all the transactions of weapons.However, when the legislation came to the Senate in April, it failed to get the 60 votes needed and all Obama’s major initiatives, including the background checks, were defeated and have remained stalled ever since. Nevertheless, The American president promised, that “sooner or later” a more strict legislation would be achieved for the control of weapon.

In our opinion, gun regulation must be stricter. We think the United States has already suffered for a lot of murders and something must be changed in order to prevent those shootings from happening again. We don’t argue against the Second Amendment which gives you the right of owning a gun, we consider that as well as other products and services, guns must follow some kind of control, regulations and limitations. We think the government should try and not be influence by powerful lobbies such as the NRA and try to create pieces of legislation that protects the citizens of the U.S.A.

Interviewing Cédric Volkman, Genial Media TV.

During this trimester, my classmates and I have been writing group articles, about and specific region from all over the world.    North America has been my region, the one that I choose. For our last assignment, we had to do an individual interview with someone either from our region, or someone how had a link to it. So after contancting few people from America, I met Cédric.

Cédric Volkman Robineau-Bourgneuf is a man born in Seville; however he has the Canadian and French nationality, having lived there for many years. He studied Business Administration and marketing, but he works for the audiovisual sector since 1991, taking a long tour within this sector and working in a joint venture, in public and private sector companies and finally creating his own company, Great media TV.

To get under way the interview, Cedric explained to me a little bit more on detail the working procedure of his business, getting thought the role and objectives of it. Great media TV is a company of production and distribution of series, documentaries, animation and music. Although the head office is located in Seville, Spain, Great Media TV is an international company, with presence in countries such as the United States, France, Canada and China.

The objectives of the company are the following ones: The sale of audiovisual products  to a global scale, to know the needs of the television channels and as the main objective the opening of new fields such as production and the management of artists. To close the issue and description of his enterprise, I asked him what was the thing that grips him most about his work, and he kindly replied to me that “being the single and only one distributor in Andalucía gives me the opportunity to sell my hometown for the world. Moreover, it gives me the chance to meet many wonderful people from Spain and all over the world.”

To continue with the interview, we focus on the audiovisual sector in an international level. He aforesaid that the audiovisual field is living a weak moment, very delicate by the crisis in which we are sunk, nonetheless “it is true, and fortunately this situation has come to us later than in other sectors” tells Cédric. This crisis has joined the fall of the regional TV (where he provided some programming) and the emergence of the thematic channels has slowed the demand of the animation genre, with which he worked much. Also we should add to this the absence of a legislation, which prevents them from acting in the audiovisual sector with a systematical position (attitude) since it does not have instruments of evaluating what the reality is. He stated that “the rules of management required having a productive sector as is the audiovisual, in terms of competitiveness on the one hand and technical feasibility in the other.”

Soon after, we focused our conversation in the audiovisual field of Andalusia, where he currently works. He explained me the characteristics of the Andalusia audiovisual landscape, pointing out that it was an industry that has cost so much effort to become strategic.”It is a sector that was born under control of the RTVA (Radio Television of Andalusia).” As today the chain RTVA lives in a difficult situation that expressly impacts and damages the sector. Even thus he revealed that “It is true that many of these companies manage themselves without the need and no relying in RTVA”.

Finally to end the interview, Cedric wanted to explain me what exactly a Film commission was. “A film commission is an association that is dedicated to provide to the national and international audiovisual producers all the information that they need and demand for the shootings achievement in a certain place.”                                                                                                                         Toward the end of this interesting conversation I wanted to know why a Film commission in Andalusia, to which he replied “Andalusia is a natural and a wonderful scene that serves for all types of media such as advertising, cinema, TV… Right now Seville is fighting to remain like the main set for a next delivery of Game of Thrones.”

In conclusion, I absolutely enjoyed my interview with Cédric, who I think it is an interesting man that has worked hard, and fought to reach his dreamed job and career. I was pleased to hear his experiences from a career that I found interesting since my family also works as him, as well as get some local insight on an international topic.

 

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Anne Loran García

 

“Democratic Party tries to help all socio-economic groups, not just rich people”. Interview whit Ms. Sharon Mannita


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Photograph retrieved from: http://zurich.democrats.ch/

During these last two months, I have informed myself and working on all that was happening in North America. My news always finished by focusing on the domestic and foreign policies of the United States. In consequence, I have decided that this interview will be oriented on those subjects and what better that the own party of the actual president, Obama, to do it.

She works on communications strategy of U.S Democratic Party Abroad from U.K. Setting up a “point person” for each country committee, training them in dealing with press, receive information from the White House and distribute it as necessary. She is the representative on weekly Conference calls to the Democratic National Committee (DNC) Press Office. Theseare some of her internal responsibilities. On the other hand, her external responsibilities consists in preparing press releases or help country committees prepare their press releases. She also sets up press interviews and monitors those on an international level and directly for the U.K. committee. For her, “one of the most important aspects of my job is figuring out if a story can hurt us and prepare for that. Hopefully, it won’t happen! “ Behind this amazing works is Ms. Sharon Manitta, who I had the pleasure of interview.

I won’t deny that at the beginning it felt like a difficult challenge to reach. That wasn’t due to the km that separated us, since the technology will solve this problem. Instead it was trying to convince her to dedicate some time in answering those questions coming from a simple student without any experience in journalism. But thanks to her kindness and my perseverance, I will be able to share with you all the knowledge that I have learned about this organization through my interview with Ms. Sharon Manitta. But before I could begin my interview, I made my first mistake as a “novice” in this field. The Democratic Party Abroad aren’t allowed to talk about internal and foreign affairs due to protocol. Nicely, Ms. Sharon informed me that the only ones who can answer on those subjects are the White House and the State Department. In this moment I realize that I had the wrong idea about this organization, this is why my interest on the USA politic was revealed by curiosity to know “What is exactly this organization?”

Democrat Abroad is the official overseas arm of the U.S Democratic Party. This organization has different main goals like let American voters know that they still have the right to vote, even if they live overseas; inform and help if anyone have problems on the voting process; to inform Americans of the issues their country is facing; and to register voters. In this last point, Ms. Sharon stress that they register all Americans who are eligible to vote, not just Democrats. Also, like all political parties, they raise money through contributions but she explain me that they can only take money from U.S citizens or green card holders resident in the U.S.

Democrats Abroad was founded in 1964 by American citizens in London and Paris, and they wanted to continue being very active in U.S politics, like when they were in America. Currently, this organization continues giving the opportunity to keep the involvement in American Politics to American citizens, who have moved to others countries for different reasons. For Ms. Sharon, to offer them that opportunity is the  main reason why Democrats Abroad is important.

But a question still keep on my mind; and it was how such a big organization organizes itself on a global way and how they relate to the Democratic Party on a national level. First of all Democrats Abroad is treated as a state party by the Democratic National Committee (DNC). They hold seats on the DNC and send a voting delegation to select the candidate for the Presidency. They divide the world into three administrative regions – The Americas, Asia-Pacific and Europe, Middle East and Africa.  And currently have 53 full country committees (for example Spain) and have members in over 160 countries around the world. The organization has periodic yearly meeting in a global administrative regional level, as well as more meetings and activities monthly or even weekly.

In this point of the interview, I could see the importance of Americans voters living abroad for them. They are the driving enginesof the organization, but I need to know how they contribute to the political life of the U.S if they are living outside its borders. Sharon stated that the most important tool of contribution to the political life of any citizen is the use of their right to vote. Therefore it is really important to let those living outside their borders that their vote still counts, and that it is as important as those who live inside the borders.

Once I knew more about Democrat Abroad, I was wondering if they have the same difficulties managing a campaign on an international level. She told me the main problem they have to face is to find voters. Indeed, there is no “master list of Americans living outside the U.S”. As consequence they have to use several off the box resources the capture them. As an example of this, Sharon states that Obama’s campaign was so successful mainly because it made full use of social media which help approach those living abroad, it was well organized; and also because (of course) their candidate won!

Finally, I wanted to know my interviewee in a more personal level, so I decided to ask her two very important questions: the first one was what she liked about her party, for what she answered that “it tries to help all socio-economic groups, not just rich people”. She recognizes that it’s not perfect, but considering the options she likes it a lot better than the Republican Party.  The second question, was one I would like to ask to many politicians and random people in my country, and it was to describe with five words her country, and why she used those words. Her response was poetic and passionate:

 Opportunity: My paternal grandfather came from Sicily when he was fifteen years old.  He built up a construction business that I doubt he would have been able to do if he had stayed in Sicily. Optimism: It is a cliché but we usually feel the glass is half full rather than half empty.  Helpfulness: even if you disagree with your neighbour’s politics, if they needed help you would give it.  Problem Solving: don’t just complain about something – sort it out! make a plan!. Patriotism: This often has a negative connotation but to me it means being a vigilant citizen and doing what you can to make America better. I want to stress that I don’t see these characteristics as exclusively American.

After this interview, I can firstly conclude the importance of this organization to their domestic and international political life. And second and most relevant, the importance of the right to vote every citizen in a democratic nation has.

Madrid, 9th June 2014

Tatiana Lozano López

“The eternal question of politics” – An insight into gun control and health care in the U.S.A.

For the last three months, some of my classmates and I have been writing news and opinion articles on the region of North America. For my last assignment I had the pleasure to interview Mr. Ryan Turner, current Madrid Chapter President of Democrats Abroad, which is a non-profit organization working in spreading the Democratic message to U.S. voters in other countries and encouraging them to vote for Democratic candidates back home. I decided to contact Mr. Turner because he is an American international relations professional who is directly connected to the Obama Administration. I was very lucky to discuss with Mr. Turner important issues for the American society such as gun control and health care system.

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Left: Paula Padrino (student at Universidad Europea de Madrid – Interviewer); Right: Ryan Turner (President of Democrats Abroad in Madrid – Interviewee)

 

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), commonly called the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or “Obamacare“, is a United States federal statute signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010. Mr. Turner explained that the aim of this law was to provide those 45-50 millions of uninsured Americans with health care coverage.

In order to make this possible, the government had to guarantee the health care insurance companies that they will have customers by creating a mandate (every citizen of the U.S. need to have some kind of health care coverage). This mandate is one the causes for the opposition coming from republicans, they think that this legislation violates individual rights. However, as Mr. Turner said: “How do you convince insurance companies to willingly participate in this market if they don’t have any assurance that they will have customers?”

“You shouldn’t think of health care as just a sick care, health care is not design to be used when you have already gotten cancer. Its aim is to prevent people from getting the cancer in the first place” – Mr. Turner claimed. He added that there is an open conversation and Obama tried to make people aware that there is another way to think about health care.

Mr. Ryan Turner owns a post-graduate degree in IR and Economics from the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. As he has been living in Madrid for quite a while now, I asked him if the Affordable Care Act could be considered an “Europeanization” of the U.S. system. He didn’t think that the American system is very comparable to the European health care system and he argued that the health care market that has been created is still private.

He continued by saying: “It’s not private in the same way that Spain or other European countries want to privatize their health care. In Spain there is a debate on privatizing health care but really is about privatizing management of the health care system. The American system is still maintaining a private market where insurance companies compete for this pool of 50 million uninsured Americans. The European system already provides health services to everyone”.

He mentioned another difference related to culture or mentality. “For example in Spain no one debates if everyone should have access to medical care, however in the States, the debate is why should I pay for anybody’s health insurance but my own. It’s a very unique American concept. There are two different cultural ideas”. This is a very individualistic view, which he hopes it will change.

Relating this concept of the American society being more individualistic, we discussed the controversial topic of gun regulation. My first question regarding this issue was if personal security is the reason why the U.S.A. has more guns than any other industrialized nation. Mr. Turner responded that judging from the national conversation, it is not just for personal security. He also thinks that there are a lot of people who own fire guns just because it is their constitutional right. Furthermore, he explained that there is another argument that is being debated since the National Rifle Association (NRA) has transferred their role from being an advocate of gun safety to becoming an organization for promoting gun ownership, that guns make people safer: “The only thing that can stop a bad guy with a gun is a good guy with a gun”.

Moreover the NRA is pushing for teachers to have guns within the classrooms. Mr. Turner thinks its too much responsibility: “We shouldn’t be expected to know how to use a gun in order to be able to conduct normal civic life in the public form”. In Georgia for example (the state which Mr. Ryan is from) you are allowed to carry a loaded rifle with a magazine and walk into a mall or a restaurant. “It is true that the fact that the gun is exposed will deter violence from around them. However, how do people around you know that you are the good guy?” – he added.

Finally, I asked Mr. Turner what kind of measures could be taken in order to prevent mass shooting, such as Newtown, from happening again. He thinks that the gun industry needs to be regulated. “There is a lot of debate about how that regulation should happen, no one is saying that you shouldn’t have the right to have a gun” He thinks that restrictions on the type of gun that you have, the quantity ammunition you can carry and background checks should be made.

As a way to end my interview we discussed the conflict of interest in the political life. When it comes to legislation, it is hard for politicians to create policies for the long-term because their interests are always short-term. it is very difficult to tackle long-term issues like health care reforms. “Its hard for us to look 30 years down the road because no one wants to do it. This is the eternal question of politics”

 

11.06.2014

 

Paula Padrino Vilela

“Everyone who wants can do it”- An interview to a Spanish Businessman in USA

“Everyone who wants can do it”- An interview to a Spanish Businessman in USA

Miguel Angle Miñambres

At the first beginning of this trimester, in the subject current observatory with Alana Moceri as my teacher, the first thing she asked as to do was an essay explaining which region of any of the continents in the world would us like to study during the three months and why. I decided to choose as my first option The United States because, although nowadays we can know almost everything at the moment, I think there is a very big legend surrounded The United States, and we have to take into account always that the only thing that separate us from them is that they have a different language, culture, costumes, ways of living but they are humans too, like us.

For concluding this trimester we have to end it with and interview to a person from our region studied. I decided to resort to a Spanish businessman that nowadays if working and living in United States. Miguel Miñambres gave me the opportunity of interviewing him, in the interview I could know several aspects of the country that I didn’t know about and also how is received a foreigner by them.

The interview started asking something related about his life as a student and what he studied. He studied something entirely different from his current occupation, he studied geology specialized in geochemistry, he carried out a master in department of the environment and finally he done computer studies.

He had been always an enterprising and decided to follow his dream. This businessman started his long travel going to Wisconsin to achieve his first goal, learn English and acquire some experience. Then he returned back to Spain and started his road in the business world working for different types of enterprises. Although, during that learning period of how business worked, he won a project for Amena (nowadays Orange), a Spanish phone company.

In Spain he set up several companies, by his own and accompanied with some friends and his last boss. He formed a consultants’ office, a technology company and one of his last company was one related to analyzed people’s curriculums in order to detect if the curriculum is true or if not. This last project didn’t reach the benefits they expected in spite of being a really good one. This interesting idea didn’t receive in Spain the importance it could have in other places in the world as United States.

Then he decided to go abroad, in particular to the United States and when he arrived there he notice that he felt as in home, his adaptation was really good in every aspect. In personal aspects he was very stable as in work issues, quickly he found a job and nowadays he is working in two enterprises one of these is a Spanish one.

As he told me in the interview “The United States is a country of Opportunities” it means everybody who wants to be somebody in live he or she can, you can see every single unusual job or you can hold whatever you imagine, you have just have goals, objectives and want to spend a lot of time in order to catch up your dreams.

The different ways of living are very large, wealthy people are very rich and the poorest ones haven´t reach the minimum money, so they go to social benefits. We discuss about the current situation of Spain and we can said that not far away this polarization of people could be more remarkable even making disappear the medium class.

According to this, people in United States are not jealous about the people how more money has or more sparkle in their job are, it’s just that they are happy about them and they try to be nearer to that person in order to obtain help from them. However here in Spain is not like that, the most money people have the most they criticized them and try to stop their growth.

Another important issue for me is the one of health system which is not as here in Spain. There is not a public sanitary services but if somebody who has an emergency and doesn’t have money to afford his or her treatment, they have to cure him or her, so that false idea that some people have about, like if they can afford the cure they can be cured, it’s totally a lie.

People who doesn’t have enough money for a fair house, they can go to the helps that give the states; this is similar to “Caritas” here in Spain. Old people don’t have retirement, each person is the one that earns his or her money for the future, and just in some cases the state gives them economic helps, for example if they don’t have enough money for living.

This interview has been an enriching experience in terms of obtain more knowledge about United States, and even more because I could see how a Spanish person showed me that is in love with the country. Although I am not a business student, I found everything Miguel had told me very interesting and from my point of view the business world is quite linked with the International Relations. The main source of wealth from an Enterprise resides, not only  on its improvement in the country of origin, its just that it also is capable of spread itself throughout the whole world. To reach this goal is necessary turn to experts who knows how to “sell” the services the company provides or how to make friendship relations with other companies in order to spread it.

We only have to want to be part of this active and developing world. Opportunities are there we have just to take them and give them a shape.

M ª Lourdes González González

Taliban release last U.S. military prisoner of war

Last Saturday 31st of May, the Haqqani group (Islamist insurgent group) liberated the last American prisoner of both Iraq and Afghanistan war. Bowe Bergdah, an American soldier who was held hostage since the 30th of June 2009, was released in exchange of five Taliban detainees at Guantanamo Bay prison.

 

Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl was delivered to the U.S. Special Forces in the east of Afghanistan, near the border with Pakistan. Authorities declared that during the exchange there was no violence and that Bergdahl was in good condition and able to walk. However he was taken to an American military hospital in Germany after receiving medical care at Bagram Air Base, the main U.S. base in Afghanistan. Pentagon spokesman Colonel Steve Warren said that Bergdahl is showing improvement during his treatment after nearly five years in captivity and that there’s no “set timeline” to move him into an American hospital to continue his medical treatment.

The five Taliban involved in the swap were high-ranking members of the Taliban government (Fazl, Mullah Norullah Noori, Mohammed Nabi, Khairullah Khairkhwa and Abdul Haq Wasiq) who were arrested by the U.S. in 2001. All of them fled together to Qatar in order to culminate the exchange.

 

This operation was the result of indirect negotiations between the United States and Taliban with the intermediation of the government of Qatar. Qatar agreed to take the Taliban detainees and said it would allow the United States to track the five men in the Gulf emirate. Under that arrangement, the United States installed extensive surveillance equipment to monitor their movements and communications.

In his early twenties, Bowe Bergdahl enlisted in 2008 without telling his parents. He was drawn by recruiters’ promises that he would be able to go overseas to help people. Once deployed to Afghanistan, he was disillusioned with the U.S. military mission. In his final email to his parents before his capture, he wrote: “I am ashamed to even be an American”.

After telling his comrades he was disillusioned, Bergdahl disappeared off his base in Afghanistan and was captured by Taliban fighters. After being captured, some fellow soldiers believed he willingly walked away from his post and called him a traitor. That morning Bergdahl’s unit started searching for him, as he didn’t show up for roll call. Members of his army still blame him for the deaths of other soldiers sent out to rescue him.

The price paid for the release of the Sergeant (the liberation of five former Taliban leaders from Guantanamo to Qatar) is a very controversial issue. Although some Republican members of the U.S. Congress have said the prisoner swap was a dangerous precedent, Obama stands by his decision and said on the G7 Summit in Belgium: “I make no apologies for making sure we get a young man back to his parents”. Furthermore, Mr Hagel, US Secretary of Defense, said that “This was the right decision for the right reasons”, “We don’t leave our people behind”.

Finally last Saturday Bowe’s parents appeared with President Obama at the White House to announce their son’s release. Obama argued that the U.S.A. never leaves the men and women in uniform behind. He thanked the government and Emir of Qatar for their help and their assurance to put measures to protect American national security. Due to the allegations of dissertation the American Army is going to review the circumstances surrounding Bergdahl’s capture and authorities say they will not ignore any misconduct by the released detainee. However, John McHugh, the secretary of the US army, said on Tuesday that officials would interview Bergdahl about the circumstances of his disappearance in Afghanistan once completes a rehabilitation programme in Germany. In addition, U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff has stated the former detainee should be considered innocent until proven guilty.