“Giro nuclear” en Japón ¿será lo más adecuado?

Las medidas políticas y, sobre todo, económicas que llevadas a cabo por el gobierno japonés no deja indiferente a la opinión pública. En un principio, Japón decidió cambiar de visión respecto a las energías que actualmente utiliza el país y que lo han llevado al reciente desastre nuclear que ha sido comparado por varios países europeos con el desastre ocurrido en Chernobyl en 1986. El gobierno japonés afirmó que apostaría por energías renovables, como es el caso en occidente. Esta iniciativa puede verse como un movimiento a favor del desarrollo sustentable, sin embargo, también podría considerarse como un movimiento estratégico político, ya que algunos gobiernos occidentales de fuerte peso en la economía mundial como Estados Unidos también han declarado o presentado sus intenciones de pertenecer a este grupo que apuesta por energías renovables.

 

Más asombroso es el tomar en cuenta la medida  que ha tomado el Primer Ministro japonés Naoto Kan, quien se ha bajado el sueldo de tal puesto hasta el punto de reducirlo equivalentemente al sueldo de un diputado, renunciando así a todos los privilegios como Primer Ministro. Este es un hecho digno de mencionar, teniendo en cuenta que, actualmente, ¿qué funcionario se reduce su propio salario?

 

Sin embargo, recientes informaciones confirman que Naoto Kan declaró que Japón no renunciará a la energía nuclear siguiendo siendo ésta, foco de su política energética. Por otro lado, el primer ministro manifestó la existente necesidad de una revisión de la normativa por parte del gobierno después del desastre ocurrido en Fukushima.

“Si logramos otras vías para usar la energía atómica de manera más segura, claro que la seguiremos utilizando”, declaró a la prensa. “En un primer momento, es necesaria una revisión profunda”, añadió.

 

Considerando estas declaraciones, se contempla el hecho de que detrás de esa política en un principio “renovable”, se halla un claro interés económico y político de no abandonar la energía nuclear que tanto poder ha otorgado a Japón. Esto nos hace ver que Japón no está dispuesto a perder su posición de potencia o superpotencia (haciendo alusión a la originaria denominación de la misma que establece que un país puede ser considerado como superpotencia si, entre otros factores, cuenta con armamento militar nuclear), mediante la cual representa, en cierta forma, una amenaza para la sociedad internacional y de la que podría hacer uso si se presentase la ocasión.

 

Por muy tentadoras que suenen las propuestas de Japón, lo cierto es que este país nunca ha estado realmente dispuesto a renunciar en su totalidad a la energía nuclear ya que eso le obligaría a deshacerse de gran parte de su armamento y, por tanto, lo dejaría al descubierto. Está claro que Japón no dejará que ningún desastre lo saque de la  categoría de superpotencia, por lo que las decisiones que tomará estarán acorde con sus propios intereses políticos, económicos y estratégicos.

The Key Man in the Pacific

Dr Brendan John Nelson (born 19 August 1958) is a former Australian politician and former federal Opposition leader. He served as a member of the Australian House of Representatives from the 1996 federal election until 19 October 2009 as the Liberal member for Bradfield, a northern Sydney seat. A doctor by profession, he came to public prominence as the Federal President of the Australian Medical Association (1993–95), and served as a Minister in the third and fourth terms of the Howard Government, serving as Minister for Education, Science and Training (2001–06) and Minister for Defense (2006–2007). Following the 2007 federal election, at which the Howard Government was defeated, Nelson was elected leader of the federal Liberal parliamentary group in a contest against former Minister for Environment and Water Resources Malcolm Turnbull, and became the Leader of the Opposition on 3 December 2007. On 16 September 2008, in a second contest following a spill motion, Nelson lost the leadership of the Opposition and the Liberal Party to Turnbull. On 25 August 2009 he announced his forthcoming retirement from politics. In September 2009, the Labor Prime Minister Kevin Rudd announced Nelson as the next Ambassador to the European Union, Belgium and Luxembourg as well as Australia’s Special Representative at the World Health Organization and NATO. He remained Member for Bradfield until officially resigning on 19 October 2009, sparking the 2009 Bradfield by-election.

Brendan Nelson is currently a key character in the pacific zone. He represents until now, the Australian foreing policy. And as we know, Australia is the larger economy in the pacific having a place in the permanent security council in the UN. Brendan Nelson is the one, who the countries have to negociate with. For example in July in 2007 Nelson had to travel to Beijing to explain to the chinese that the Defence Update, as well as growing trilateral ties between  Australia, Japan and USA, didn’t mean that Australia in any way supports a policy of containment of China. Australia and Japan signed a Joint Declaration on security Cooperation in March 2007, signed by Brendan Nelson for example.

In January 1994, Nelson joined the Tasmanian branch of the Liberal Party of Australia. On 30 January 1995, he announced his nomination for the preselection contest for Bradfield, a safe Liberal seat in which Pymble was located and held since 1974 by shadow minister David Connolly. He was supported in his bid by former AMA president Dr Bruce Shepherd, who served as his campaign treasurer. On 1 March 1995 at a Liberal gathering, he renounced his view that Labor governments had been better for Australia, and stated that he believed Medicare was unsustainable and that voluntary work programs for the unemployed would build self-esteem, and advocated a consumption tax. On 13 May 1995 he gained the party’s endorsement on a 96-to-93 vote against incumbent MP and shadow minister David Connolly, despite the latter having the support of Liberal leader John Howard and deputy leader Peter Costello. Nelson claimed his win was “a victory for liberalism”. After the preselection, Nelson worked on an Aboriginal health program for the Cape York Peninsula, and in June, following his retirement as president of the AMA, went to the slums of Nairobi, Kenya, on behalf of World Vision to hear about that country’s struggles with AIDS—only three months after losing his younger brother to the disease.

After being elected as the member for Bradfield in the federal election on 2 March 1996, at which the Keating government was defeated and John Howard became Prime Minister, Nelson worked as a government backbencher. Nelson was a vocal opponent of the views of Independent MP Pauline Hanson. On 6 October, he proposed a bipartisan condemnation of her statements along lines already suggested by Labor Opposition leader Kim Beazley. Finally, Nelson was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Defense in 2001.

After the 2001 federal election he was promoted directly to Cabinet with the senior portfolio of Minister for Education, Science and Training. He introduced a series of radical changes to Australia’s higher education system that simultaneously imposed more direct government control over the management of universities while also allowing them to earn more revenue by charging higher fees to students. He extended the government’s policy of directing more federal funding to non-government schools, as well as becoming more involved in reviewing the state education systems. In 2005 he introduced Voluntary Student Unionism. He was a popular target for student activism because of these changes.

In 2005 Nelson expressed support for giving parents the option of having students exposed to the controversial subject of intelligent design. However he emphasized that evolution should always hold first place. He later said that intelligent design should only be taught in religion or philosophy classes.

After his rapid promotion to Cabinet, Nelson was spoken of as a possible future Liberal leader. On 24 January 2006, then Prime Minister John Howard announced Nelson’s promotion from the Education, Science and Training portfolio to the high profile Defense portfolio.

On 16 September 2009, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd appointed Nelson as the Ambassador to the European Union and NATO along with former Federal Labor Leader, Kim Beazley as the Australian Ambassador to the United States of America. Nelson accepted the appointment from his former rival and commended Rudd’s decision on appointing Beazley as Ambassador to the USA. Nelson officially resigned from Federal Parliament the same day, ending 13 years as the member for Bradfield.

Nuevas medidas en Japón

El primer ministro japonés, Naoto Kan, anunció el pasado 10 de mayo, que su Gobierno revisará la política energética del país, que hace un uso escaso de las renovables y depende mucho de la nuclear. Kan señaló que la energía nuclear y la procedente de combustibles fósiles han sido claves en el desarrollo y economía de Japón, pero ha añadido que, a partir de ahora, debe poner mas empeño en energías como la solar y otras renovables.

“En cuanto a la energía eólica y solar, nuestro país está retrasado, así que vamos a abrir el camino en este sentido, como están haciendo otros países occidentales”, ha destacado el primer ministro.

Dejando a un lado el nuevo plan de energías renovables, el primer ministro japonés anunció esa misma semana, que renunciaba a su sueldo de mandatario, aunque conservará el que le corresponde por ser diputado, mientras dure la crisis nuclear que vive Fukushima desde el pasado 11 de marzo, según fuentes nacionales.

“Voy a continuar cobrando mi retribución como miembro del Parlamento, pero no la relativa al cargo de primer ministro ni sus primas correspondientes”, ha explicado Kan en una rueda de prensa.

Por otro lado, Kan ha explicado que de momento no hay fecha para la aprobación de la segunda parte del presupuesto extraordinario con el que el Gobierno tiene que hacer frente a los gastos para la reconstrucción de las zonas devastadas por el terremoto y tsunami del pasado 11 de marzo. Esta segunda partida presupuestaría es necesaria para complementar la primera, de 32.700 millones de euros (48.500 millones de dólares) y aprobada el pasado 30 de abril, destinada a la fabricación de viviendas temporales para las personas que se quedaron sin hogar y para la retirada de escombros.

Asimismo,en los últimos días,la compañía Tokyo Electric Power (TEPCO), operadora de la central atómica, reportó pérdidas económicas por más de 15 mil millones de dólares, las más graves de su historia, a la vez que anunció la dimisión de su presidente, Masataka Shimzu, quien asumió la responsabilidad por el desastre nuclear, reportó la agencia de noticias Kyodo.

Se trata de la mayor pérdida neta registrada en la historia por una compañía nipona no financiera, empujada por los números rojos extraordinarios de 12 mil 631 millones de dólares a causa de la crisis nuclear en Fukushima.

Libya conflict hits the economy in the Pacific zone with the Black gold

As violence continues to escalate in Lybia, the federal government is drawing up plans to evacuate Australians as Libyan representatives sever ties with Gaddafi’s regime. Prime Minister Julia Gillard said the estimated 105 Australians believed to be in the North African country should get out, even the UK had offered to help evacuate Australians if necessary. “Australians are advised to avoid all travel to Libya because of the volatile and uncertain security situation,” DFAT said.

Australia is preparing for the potential defection of key diplomats from the Libyan embassy after a senior official walked away from the Gaddafi regime, declaring he now represented “the Libyan people”.

Libya’s cultural counselor signaled the nation might be on the verge of its first diplomatic defection in almost six years.

Economics

Oil prices soared above $93 a barrel in Asia as Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi’s grip on power in the OPEC nation weakened amid violent protests calling for his resignation. Benchmark crude for March delivery was up $7.34 at $93.54 a barrel at late afternoon Singapore time in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

Analysts are also worried the jump in energy costs could hurt consumer spending and stymie a fragile recovery in developed countries. The crisis in the Middle East and North Africa – which has brought down governments in Tunisia and Egypt and sparked protests in Yemen, Bahrain, Iran, Morocco and Jordan – has added about $10 to the price of crude, according to Capita Economics.

Petrol prices hit their highest level in more than two years last week, with the cost of 91 octane petrol rising 3c to $2.02, and 95 octane reaching $2.11 per litre. Based on current trends motorists could be paying $2.20c per litre by the end of the year, Stockdale said.

Meanwhile the impact on New Zealand exports to Libya was unclear today. Figures show $51m worth of products, including $49.7

The Ministerial Conference on Korea-Africa Economic Cooperation organized by the Korean Ministry of Finance, the African Development Bank (ADB) and the Export-Import Bank (Eximbank) of Korea, was opened on Tuesday in the Korean Capital. The conference was packaged to enable participants exchange views on how to further develop relations and economic cooperation between Africa and Korea.

Japan and the Security Council

Japan, one of the largest economies and one of the most important states in the world, is the second largest contributor to the UN regular budget, surpassing the current permanent members, except the United States.

Japan’s bid, however, is rejected by some countries in East Asia such as China, South Korea and North Korea, who accuse Japan of trying to hide the atrocities committed by its occupation forces during World War II. Japan holds that China fears the entry of the country in the Council because of the territorial conflicts between both powers.

On the other hand, many Asian countries have relied heavily on Japan, including Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Singapore, the Philippines, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Vietnam, who are some of the receivers of the most important foreign loans and investment from Japan.

Also, most European countries have supported Japan, such as United States and Italy.While supporting Japan, are opposed to accept the group G4 in general. Finally, Russia supports Japan to counter China’s strength but is afraid of the strong ties between Nippon and American.

The impact of Bin Laden’s death in the pacific zone.

The recent event of the Osama Bin Laden’s death, who represented the highest authority and the head of world-renowned Al-Qaeda group, has meant great questions and movements worldwide, including in the Pacific’s area that althought they just have a small influence of Muslim in their region, the conflict of terrorism may also be affect them.

Following the death of Bin Laden, the terrorist group began to reorganize and just two weeks after it had declared a new interim chief Egyptian Saif al-Adel, who joined the Al Qaeda a few years ago. The fear of terrorist attacks becomes larger to learn that He has a stranglehold on the military camp and has experience as a strategist, althought he doesn’t possess the charisma and popularity of Bin Laden. Adel seems to take seriously their role in the recent attacks in Pakistan, due to the death of former leader.

Australia has even more worries because the stepmother of the interim chief is Australian. Rabiah Hutchinson married Mustafa Hamid stepfather of the new head, in the last decade when they met in Afghanistan. Security agency of Australia had been chasing Mrs. Hutchinson before she fled to Afghanistan because the links with the terrorist group.

Australia isn’t the only country with fears, in countries like Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and the Philippines continue to appear even hundreds of radicals. One of the most threatening radical base is in Indonesia. It is suspected that they have been financed by Al Qaeda for the attacks in Bali nightclub killing over 200 people in 2002 and two suicide bombs in Indonesia’s capital, Jakarta in 2009.

The last summit of the G-20 was in Korea. The meet was on last May 19th with countries such as China, Japan, Indonesia and Australia who are in the Pacific zone, along with other large economies like the U.S., canada, france, Spain, Germany, etc. One of the topics in the summit was the issue of terrorism and the situation of the Osama’s death. The meeting lasted two days, but they still are unresolved what actions thay have to take in front to this intangible threat.

Politics in the Pacific

The politic in the Pacific area is quiet for now. Korea is the next who will have presidential elections shortly. For this, it was held on April 27 partial elections, in which the Democratic Party (DP), led by Sohn Hak defeated strongly his opponent Kang Jae, leader of Grand National Party (GNP). The change is now favoring the left side being the socialist party, the people doesn’t longer want more right-wing party.

Not only were national elections this time. Last Wednesday there was also province-level elections in which three of the four provinces was victorious DP. In every victory meant more than 35% of the vote, and the highest percentage was the national with 51%. Even with a number of studies, the result was completely contrary to the predictions, because the current government is the GNP.

The speculation was increases and political view was affected too. Is obvious that the people want change and the current government will face a renewal process, since it’s likely that with the power that seems to have the DP, it could be now more aggressive.
That is why Prime Minister Kim Hwang took the loss and tries to repair the unhappiness of citizen, calling representatives and government agencies to give solution to the citizen problems’s.

As for the international aspect, other Pacific countries are aware of whether the change occurs. This would represent a change in Korean foreign policy, because the DP manages a policy very different from the present in Korea. Even the president with these events, has had to send uncorrected the free trade agreement signed with the United States. And if this change has to happen we just hope the best for all and for the Koreans.