Huge fire rages through shanty town leaving 15,000 people homeless

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From NYT

Last Week, 7th of February there was a huge fire in Shanty town, near the docks of Manila, burning the whole slum area which left more than 15000 people homeless, said Philippine capital said last Wednesday.

The blaze started 9:38 p.m. on Tuesday night in Area B, Gate 7 of the Shanty town, according to Senior Superintendent Wilberto Tiu, chief of the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP), National Capital Region. Fire authorities said the flames spread quickly as houses in the area are made of light materials, making them incredibly flammable. Superintendent Tiu said that 90 firetrucks were deployed to put out the fire.

Seven people were injured, more than 1000 makeshift houses were burnt and fortunately no casualties were reported. Three evacuation centres were opened, and food and water were provided to the 3,000 families who lost their homes, said Philippine social welfare officer Regina Jane Mata.

The BFP says that the cause of the fire is still unknown. However, the investigation team suggests that the cause might be a faulty electricity wiring or an unattended gas stove, as reported in The Telegraph. Recently a Inquirer published that the fire appeared to have been caused by a candle left unattended inside a house of a Parola Compound resident known only as Andang.
A victim named Edna Purios explained the fire spread so quickly her family fled without their belongings. Purios, who lived with six of her children and three grandchildren, said the local government should help the community rebuild. “Our only wish is to get some help with repairing our house because we have nowhere to sleep,” she told Reuters Television.

To watch the video, click here.

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From NYT

 

A Philippine NGO named ‘Project Pearls’ is working there helping the victims and building up new homes.

Statistics show that fires are very common in factories of Shanty town and Manila and just only a week ago a worker was killed and hundreds were injured in a huge industrial fire at a factory south of Manila.

Who is going to help the Roingyans? For the last couple of years more than 92.000 Rohingyans are fighting for survival against Myanmar’s military and police forces and fleeing to neighboring countries. The UN accuses Myanmar of ethnic cleaning and the local people are demanding justice to condemn the genocide of the Rohingyans.

Who is going to help the Roingyans?

For the last couple of years more than 92.000 Rohingyans are fighting for survival against Myanmar’s military and police forces and fleeing to neighboring countries. The UN accuses Myanmar of ethnic cleaning and the local people are demanding justice to condemn the genocide of the Rohingyans.

Burmese government forces committed rape and other sexual violence against ethnic Rohingya women and girls as young as 13 during security operations in northern Rakhine State in late 2016” said Human Rights Watch.

The Rohingya are a Muslim minority with a population of some two million people. Most of them live in Myanmar (approximately 800.000 remain in Myanmar) specifically in the Rakhine region in the north of the country. The rest are spread over other countries of Southeast Asia. About 200,000 in Bangladesh and 50,000 in Malaysia.

Although the situation is now critical, the Rohingyas have been persecuted by the government and the Myanmar authorities during the last decade. Between 1991 and 1992 they suffered a massive exodus to the neighboring country of Bangladesh. This is one of the burning examples of religion discriminations in the world. Myanmar is killing the Muslim minorities just because Myanmar is a Buddhist country. According to BBC, Myanmar claims that the Rohingyans are not from Myanmar, they are illegal migrants from Bangladesh. For survival they were forced to leave their country and go to neighboring Muslim countries like Bangladesh, Malaysia, Indonesia etc.

According to the CFR Backgrounders, After attacks by Rohingya militants on border police posts on October 9, 2016, the Burmese military undertook a series of “clearance operations” in northern Rakhine State. Security forces summarily executed men, women, and children; looted property; and burned down at least 1,500 homes and other buildings. More than 69,000 Rohingya fled to Bangladesh, while another 23,000 have become internally displaced in Maungdaw district. There have always been differences between the Muslim minority and the rest of the population, mostly Buddhist. The government asserts that they are not Burmese citizens, because they speak another language, the color of their skin is different and their religion is different. But hatred was revived on May 28, 2012 when the corpse of a Burmese woman of Buddhist religion was found raped  and three Muslims were charged of it. Six days later, a crowd of Buddhists stopped a bus in which, they said, the culprits were traveling and killed ten Muslims. Groups of Muslims and Buddhists clashed in various locations in Rakhine to this day in which the figures of displaced people exceed 200,000 people in the last months alone. Moreover, now Bangladesh says that the Rohingyans are unwelcome, because already there are over 160 million people there and they can’t afford to serve more refugees.

The UN has already accused Myanmar of ethnic cleansing as it violates the international law ‘Jus cogens’.

The United Nations Organization and the governments of neighboring countries denounce and pressure Myanmar to solve the problem as soon as possible and end the murders and displacement. A difficult task if we have statements such as the following which came out of the mouth of a senior Burmese diplomat based in Hong Kong : “Actually, the Rohingya are not people from Burma, they are not from the same ethnic group. His complexion is dark brown and our complexion is soft, we are handsome too. They are ugly as orcs”

 

Interview

Xiaomei Huáng is a Chinese origin journalist graduated in journalism and holder of a master’s degree in communication of organizations to which I decided to interview for this work because it cost me a lot to find someone appropriate.

+ Why did you decide to study in Spain?

  • At first I tried to access to a very good Chinese university but could not because of the vast amount of competition there. The problem there is that in a thousand requests are accepted twenty or less.
  • That’s the reason why I came here.

+ What helped with the paperwork in Spain?

  • I came with the help of anagency dedicated to helping Chinese students to come to Spain to study.
  • They solve problems as requesting an university and when you get to Spain they locates you a language center, a student’s residence and arrange your papers.

+ Why do you think there are so many Chinese people studying a master’s degree in Spain?

  • Because it is very easy to apply for the master here, they do not have manyneeds and if you come from a bad Chinese university you can do it likewise.

It is easier to access than in China.

+ Do you know other ways to come from to Spain from China to study?

  • For example bystudent exchange or for a doctorate.

+ Why did you choose to study journalism?

  • I chose it overcoat to improve the Spanish.
  • I did the communication of organizations master’s degree because when I was in the career I realized that this was the area that I liked the most.
  • I also think that today it is easier to get a job with a master’s degree than only with an university’s degree.

+ What do you do when you finish studying here?

  • I want to go back to China and work in a multinational company.

+ Does Studying in Spain increases your chances of finding work?

  • Honestly I’m not sure but I think at least I can work in a company with different

+ What would you advise a Chinese student coming to Spain?

  • Is a very a good experience and the only bad thing is that youhave to come back to China.

 

In conclusion I like to say this cost me a lot becouse I couldn’t find any appropiate person for the interview and the person I have found couldn’t answer me more questions. I would have liked to make a more interesting and a bigger interview but this is the best I could find.

 

Interview realized by Carlos Diez Fortes

Interview with a businessman in Russia.

 

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I decided to interview a Russian businessman, called Tolik Politov. I’ve interviewed through his son, a student of UEM, as Tolik does not speak English or Spanish. I chose to interview this man because Russia has always seemed to me a very interesting country, and now everything is happening and what Putin is doing, I found even more interesting.

How does one become an businessman in Russia?

I personally have a company that I dedicate to import fruits and vegetables from other countries, but above all, have more dealings with Morocco and Spain.

And I get to become a businessman because I studied the career of Business,and especially because it was my vocation to become this, and fight until I got both. And also, I always say it’s very important to have technical knowledge to develop the company and a smattering of business management, because although you have obtained advisers, must have some notions for evaluating the work of others and make decisions.

What do you think of what Putin is doing with Russia? You do not think that in this way Putin can put your country in a war ?

Putin doing his work, and I think he do what all president need to do, he defend his country , and defend interest of Russian people. But now for example Putin show for all countries that in this world can go not like USA want.

Well Russia already in war with Syria, and this war versus terrorist . But war versus some country , I don’t think so. I will repeat that Russia just defend their interest.

What is your opinion about the sale of weapons in Russia? it is true that everyone can buy a gun?

In all country you can buy weapons … or you mean buy a lot of weapons ?

Well if some country want to buy weapons from russia, this all control government, but if you want to buy guns without papers, for this you need to know people! but like I already said have corruption in russia , and this people pay for government!

I will repeat , this happened in a lot of country!

What relationship has today Russia with Turkey ?

After all things what happened Russia want to end all relation with Turkey, we already closed line of planes from Turkey, we already put block for product from this country!

How is the economy of Russia?

Like i already said the government control economy, for me it means that we don’t have economy!

Part of the oil and gas revenues are taken to the budgetary system of the country in the form of taxes and fees. The degree of seizure changed over time. So, in the course of large-scale tax reform that was conducted in Russia in the 2000s, it has radically changed the system of taxation of the commodity sector: held resetting mechanism of export duties and introduced a tax on mineral extraction, which increased the share of oil and gas rents of captured state budget, with less than 40% in 2000 to 84% in 2005 .

This is currently over 98% of all the taxes for the use of natural resources and 100% of all revenues from foreign trade (including export duties on oil, oil products and so on. N.) Go to the federal budget, rather than regional. Therefore, the share of “raw” revenues in the federal budget is relatively high when compared with the same share of the consolidated budget (including in addition to the federal budgets of all regions and the budgets of state extra-budgetary funds). So, if the federal budget of 2008 consisted of oil and gas revenues by 50%, the same figure for the consolidated budget of the same year – slightly more than 3

But now government start helping with business , because we also have problem with Europe. And like this they want increase gdp, from export.
Also they create exchange(rialto) for sell oil/gas like this we in depend from dollar because like this countries should buy rubles for pay for oil/gas.
Russian economy sixth economy (as of 2015) among the countries in terms of GDP PPP over the world. PPP GDP of Russia in 2015 amounted to 3.717 trillion dollars . [2] Nominal GDP of Russia for 2015 amounted to $ 1.324 trillion
Sectoral structure of Russia’s GDP (as of 2014) [20]:
Agriculture and forestry – 4.2%
Mining and quarrying – 10.3%
Manufacturing – 15.6%
Production and distribution of electricity, gas and water, and other utilities – 5.2%
Construction – 6.5%
Trade – 18.4%
Transport and communications – 8.7%
Finance and services – 17.5%
Public administration, education, health and military security – 13.6%
But now government start helping with business , because we also have problem with Europe.
And like this they want increase gdp, from export.
Also they create exchange(rialto) for sell oil/gas like this we in depend from dollar because like this countries should buy rubles for pay for oil/gas

What is the salary minimum of Rusia?

The salary minimum of Rusia is 36000.00 руб (Russian Ruble) that In Euros would be about 460 €

 

By Manal Adbib Lahri.

Living and working in Japan perspective from a Spanish entrepreneur

By Fernando Mayoral Pérez

Raquel Herrán is a Spanish entrepreneur born in Madrid, she started her post-graduated on 2007 in east asian studies and decided to stay in Japan because of a Japanese scholarship to improve knowledge of the language and culture. And created her business with base in Spain wich allows her to travel between the two countries.

How did you end up with the idea of leaving Spain?

It came up as a lack of notion of the pass of time, the curiosity for the unknown and the desire to self-administer the means to subsist.

Do you think the conditions both labor and social, are better in Japan?

I think it’s a matter of attitude , I think the system could be improved? Yes , like everything . Infrastructure or working methods, but it is adapted to the existing cultural base. In Japan any task you perform is respected and therefore the service is usually good. In Japan you must fight to achieve, nothing is given away, there’s concentration and seriousness (generalized and necessary) . Imagine 18 million people living only in the city of Tokyo, each trying to skip steps… and that being a foreigner (and Spanish ) for certain things … deep down we have souls of pirates..

Do you consider your current experience positive ?

Sure, it’s a matter of saving barriers and thoughts, take away this weight to believe that we can not get to where we want. I want and I like to be positive, although there are low and incomprehensible moments … When you change your place of residence is a ” start over again” and miss everything. You take love/hate certain situations and when you look back to see your progress, how you have adapted , how many people you’ve met and the life hovers in moments that are so special , I can live with those memories when it seems that around you does not satisfy you and do not see what we have.

How are the Japanese at work?

From the point of view of manager of a foreign company in Japan, which has always attracted me most is the involvement of the Japanese staff in the running of the company. They arrive before the time to be ready from the first minute of their working hours. Never miss work, even ill come to the office. Constantly together so that everyone knows the work of their peers and can help. They only have two weeks of vacation a year, and can not catch them whole.

What could be exported from Japan in terms of support, training, management, etc. related to the business?

The key to Japanese success lies in the impeccable organization of their companies. From the last director to operator all strive in the same direction and make the organization run like clockwork. I believe that communication and solidarity that exists in the Japanese company (is like family) allows this operation.

Is there something that you still have problems getting used to of Japan?.

Actually I ‘m used to almost everything, but it still keep annoying me the communication problems and I do not mean the language. Sometimes it is difficult for the Japanese talk about feelings openly say what they think and feel , and so it is frankly difficult to establish close human relationships , whether in friendship or love. Of course , there are exceptions , each individual is unique and can not generalize, but in general , this has been my experience.

What is the story that happened to you in Japan there’s always ?

Normally I tell many , it is difficult to keep one. Living in a country so different for a long time , makes it happen a thousand anecdotes and unexpected situations, although I usually mention one that was particularly strange for me, in which I tried be nice with a little boy and the kid completely ignored me.

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In this interview I will focus on South Korea, for that I will talk with a man  from there, he is businessman named Lee Min Hoo.13177235_512285345629854_2413230981983031397_n copia.jpg

Do as Korean, consider that South Korea is a strong coruntry economically?  Has evolved for the better the economy of South Korea in recent years?

Between 60’s and 90’s South Korea economy was growing rapidly but,

Since 2014 the rate of economic growth South Korea (Yellow spots) is falling down.

Does the population of South Korea have a high economic level?

GDP(2015) of Korea is $37,975.

What is the salary minimum of Korea?

The salary minimun of Korea is 6030 won /Hour in 2016 (4.56€/h).

How many hours you are usually dedicate people to work every day?

On average many of korean work the 11 hours.

When it comes to getting a job, which is what you value most Koreans?

Before the looks or appearance was important to getting a job so, many of job applicants got plastic surgery but nowadays that is not more important than the capability of the individuals.

Is there a discrimination between men and women when selecting personnel to work?

In my opinion, the discrimination selecting personnel to work between men and women tends to decrease these days

As an entrepreneur, how do you consider the relationship of South Korea with Europe and the U.S.?

Depend which country the relationship is differente. At leasth I know the relationship with Spain is not bad.

Is there high exports in your country?

Depend on what product Sotuh Korea is exporting I can answer a question. But now I show you a table of exports goods ranking.

Export ranking Exports goods
Semiconductor
Petroleum products
3 Cars
4 Ships.
5 Flat panel displays and sensors
6 Wireless communication device
7 Parts of an automobile
8 Synthetic resins
9 Steel plates
10 Electronic appliance equipment

Which products you export more of them?

South Korea export many various products to Europe, For example, Electronic goods, Ginseng, Textile goods and automobiles are representatives

Have the same salary men and women in South Korea?

Unfortunately there is still wage discrimination. The average salary for men in 2014 was 38.590.000 won (29,176.72 €) and the average salary for women was 21.210.000 won (16,792.30 €)

Which are the most developed areas in South Korea? And which are the most poverty areas?

Do you know Gangnam Style? Gangnam is one of the representative area in South Korea like Plaza del Sol, Madrid. Until the early 1980s Gangnam and its neighboring areas had remained the least developed in Seoul, but a prodigious development over the last 30 years has earned it a reputation of being one of the most affluent, dynamic, and influential areas in both Seoul and South Korea as a whole.

On the contrary to this, In the northeastern of Seul, there is one of the most poeverty area called “Baeksa town”. this is squatter area. It was originally the place which the 20th division of Japanese military had used as a shooting field. In 1945, after the liberation, a government office of the U.S. army took over the place. However, its control didn’t reach out to the area and it was taken over by refugees from the North and returning citizens. It was the first start of the shanty town.It was known as the town for those who returned for liberation but lost their hometowns.

Are there high levels of pollution in South Korea and affects too much to the primary sector and the health of Koreans?

What pollution in South Korea you want know? Air pollution, Soil Pollution, Water pollution or in general? Anyway, Honestly I don’t know well about this. I just can answer you that every spring a lot of korean people suffer for the yellow dust and fine dust which come from China.

Do you change the political system of South Korea?

I would like to ask you again this question, you love actual political system of Spain? If no, you think you can change the political system now by something, For example, the vote, demonstration or anything. I’m a little sceptical about that, what is to change the political system is so difficult.

Tell us a little bit about their culture and their religion, and how their life style affects

Constitution of Korea, more better say, of Republic of Korea doesn’t admit the state religion. However, a lot of korean people believe in Christianity, Catholicism and in Buddhism.

It not too easy to tell you about the korean culture beacause that is so a lot. I think we’ll need at least two days. But, I just tell you like that. Simply, every korean culture like custom, personal character, food, clothes, etc is based on a system of philosophical, Confucianism.

Traditionaly, korean takes three meals a day. In general, say Europe is from bread culture and the other way, Asia is from the rice culture. so the staple food of the Koreans is rice. but many of foreigners misunderstand that korean just eats only rice. It isn’t true. they take meals with rice and various side dish: fish, soup, vegetables, etc. Most korean dish is strong or hot beacause they use chilli pepper and garlic much.

By Paula Manrubia Fraga

INTERVIEW

CURRENT AFFAIRS OBSERVATORY : ASIA REGION

Paula de la Iglesia Gonzalez, 6th June

I decided to interview a businessman from Thailand since I considered this one as a really interesting part of Asia and also because my friend, Premruethai SoonSuwan is Thai and her dad works there in the business sector, so I saw here a good opportunity to know more about their culture and how this sector is developed there.

  1. Could you introduce yourself? ( name and profession)

My name is Amnuay Soonsuwan and I start working 30 years ago in the catering industry because I love it since I was young and also because my parents had a lot of restaurants and hotels so I already had some experience working on that.

  1. How do you get to be a businessman in Thailand? Was it easy?

At the beginning I start working on my parents´ restaurants but then I decided to develop my own businesses. It was not hard at all because as I already mentioned, I had some experience.

  1. How was the business market there when you start working?

The business sector where I invested in was not difficult at the time that I invested (It was 30 years ago)

  1. Is there a huge competition in your business sector? Which is the best sector to invest in?

Yes, there is a big competition. I have a business in restaurant sector as well as a hotel, which in Thailand is so competitive because there are a lot of people who come every year to visit our country and there are a lot of different options for our tourists.

  1. Would you recommend going there to find a good job related to business administration?

I wouldn’t recommend people to come to Thailand in order to find an office job especially in Thai companies because the working culture is not ok (leaders are bossy and if you are not working in the critical position, you cannot perform your efficient job as much as you want.

  1. Is hard to find a good job if you don’t speak Thai? ( In the case that you just speak English )

It is not hard in terms of working in the international companies but in the case of the Thai ones, it is better to be able to speak Thai. Otherwise they would probably choose the candidates who speak Thai.

  1. Is there any kind of discrimination with women who want to get their own business? Do men and women get the same salary in Thailand?

Not really.

Men and women get the same salary according to their position and work performance

  1. Is Bangkok a good city from Thailand to start a business? Why?

It depends on what kind of business, for example if you want to open a restaurant, bar, hotel or something related with this industry, Bangkok would be the best choice due to a huge number of population and market growth and also because it´s the capital of Thailand and there are a lot of tourists who come here and want to try our food and also, to get a nice hotel where spend their holidays.

However, if you want to open a logistic sector or a factory, outside Bangkok would be the best choice.

  1. Which is the best city of Asia to try a business from your point of view?

It depends on a perspective and what you want, but Singapore has long been a thriving business center, and is home to the Asian headquarters of major U.S. companies such as Google, Uber and Facebook. Also this city, situated on the major sea route between India and China has a huge potential for market reach.

Another interesting city to invest in would be Hong Kong, the city’s proximity to Mainland China gives companies a competitive edge. Furthermore, as a major international finance center, Hong Kong has seen a growth of financial technology companies.

So I think both, Singapore and Hong Kong would be good choice to try a business.

  1. Do you think Asia is a good region to live in? Why? Have you been living in another city ?

Yes, I mean Bangkok is a good place to live in (I cannot give you any opinions of other Asian cities because I have spent my whole life living in Bangkok). Bangkok is the big city, where you can find everything: nice people, nice foods, great business opportunities, etc.

Also Thai culture is very interesting to many tourists as well as the amazing food, culture, shopping and temples are great reasons to visit Bangkok.