“Europe is definitely at the heart of our business, so whatever happens in Europe is critical for every country”

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By Marine SUDAN

For my studies’ framework, I needed to interview someone related to my region, Europe. On May, 23th, François Rameau gave me an appointment in his office in Madrid. What about him?

For years, he has been travelling around the globe for his job: Singapore to Mumbai, Hong-Kong to Paris. Few months ago, he had the opportunity to take the general manager of the Spanish branch of the Credit Agricole Corporate and Investment Bank, based in the center of Madrid. It is a subsidiary of the French Company. They are dealing with the largest Spanish companies as well as the largest financial institutions as a global client. Not only helping those companies in Spain but also worldwide throughout the rest of their network.

For me it was interesting to interview someone link to my region, with a international background and that have an opinion of his country even if he does not live in it and also about the European Union.

As a French citizen and a European one, the main questions of this interview were to know his points of view about Europe and what happened lately. I wrote this article in a manner to have first his opinion about French election that took place one month ago and their consequences, and then about Europe.

Firstly, I asked him if he did follow the news in Europe. While smiling at me, his response was very clear:

“No choice, I mean Europe is definitely at the heart of our business, so whatever happens in Europe is critical for every country, including Spain”.

Even if he is currently living in Madrid for the next few years, his situation didn’t prevent him from voting for its next President, here in Madrid, as a concern citizen.

So, what about France? My first question was direct: was he satisfied with all the candidates for this presidential election ? Although the company did not have a specific candidate, he could not speak on their behalf. For Rameau, he is quite satisfied with the final outcome of the election because the alternative, if Marine Le pen was elected, it could have been extremely dangerous for the activity. Macron is “everybody’s hope” to make France stronger. Even if there is a lot of waiting for France to adjust with the realities of Europe and those of the world.

My next concern was his thoughts about the younger being a part of Europe. As we seen during the election, lots of them were supporting Melenchon. He understands why many people supported him because young people feel that they don’t necessary belong to the European economy as it is today. But as he said

those are people that have only a short view on the economic reality. They don’t necessarily understand the global environment that we are in”.

If France were to implemented Melenchon’s reforms, it would automatically loose her competitiveness and a lot of jobs would disappear in the process. He thinks that people have a cast of vote of protests because they are not happy with the situation (unemployment is mostly one of the main problems brought during an election and a big concern In French society).

Moreover, this election showed the growth of the populism. Marine Le Pen won a lot of supporters during this election which had not occurred since 2002. For the first turn, she had reached over 21,30%, 3% less than Macron and had won over Melenchon, who didn’t make it to 20% of the voters.

Even if François Rameau don’t have an objective idea on the growth of the populism, he thinks that Europe has reached probably the pic of the populist votes in France. it reflects the fact that many people don’t think they belong to the global economy and don’t necessarily understand it. But in the case of Le Pen, she has targeted the weakest of voters. He means the unemployed people, many of them potentially unemployable, because they have not been properly trained and didn’t adjust to the new reality of the economy. Therefore, Le Pen is promising a kind of a dream as an old France like it was used to be forty or fifty years ago for those people when they were young. It could have been marvelous but it is strictly impossible. Marine Le Pen has no clue on the economy reality shown before the Second turn during a debate.

Thirdly, for years, European Union has weakened and this has not improved with the Brexit. Thanks to the French election happened this year, it will probably be stronger. Many people were concerned about the European project losing its steam. Now that France emerges stronger and is confirming its European commitment together with the support of Germany, the General Manager says that it is “a good opportunity and opening to make it better”. Even if we know that not all countries will agree with those new projects as a common defense, tax system and other things that are not in the current EU treaty. The next thing will be to see if other countries want to be in the same coalition or independent.

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Even if Brexit happened this year, France and Italy almost did. It is still a continue treat because for many years the European Union has benefit more or less to its citizens. For him, EU still benefits to the citizen but those ones are no longer obvious, it is more complicated. It is seen as a huge administration with many problems. Therefore, people think that they have lost a bit of control.  Its shows a strong signal that people want a change. EU has itself understood that it needs to change its ways to process, leave back more power to nations and only get involve in what is important, not being perceive as a substitute for a nation here citizens belong.

After a few minutes exchanging, he finished with this quote:

“I am quite confident that we are coming out of a difficult period, the global economic environment is now stronger, so it will help people to realize that finally the European Union is not that bad. And depending on the outcome of the Brexit negotiation, if and it is my own feeling, that if UK suffers after exiting the EU, then people will think again”.

 

Interview with Emilio Butragueño

Over the pass hundred years, our society have been enjoying one of the simplest but very exercising sport. But it was in the mid of the twenty century that soccer became more and more popular in our houses. It is clear that this sport moves all kind of people, from China to Peru, we found that this incredible sport have been changing our environment. Adding to this, soccer is a sport that every social class in our time it’s been affected because of it. But it has been clear, that not every player and not every team can reach all our universe. Real Madrid F.C is a soccer team founded in 1902 (115 years) in one of the most charming sector of Madrid (Castellana) with the purpose of representing the values and the image of the capital of Spain. In 2016, Real Madrid F.C is considered by the Forbes magazine as “the most valuable soccer team in the world” , meaning that this team is completely backed up with a big amount of capital. For these reason, I’ve choose to interview a person who has been part of the Real Madrid Team and inside the directives in order to know how does the Real Madrid franchise has been reliable in the international community and How can a sport institution is working for the future of our society. Emilio Butragueño is the sport vice-president, the director of the institutional relations of Real Madrid and one of the General directors of the Real Madrid School in the Universidad Europea, he is a legend in the field and is a famous image of the club.

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Emilio Butragueño, Sport vice-president and director of the institutional relations of Real Madrid F.C

In first place, as Real Madrid commercial image have been real important through the history, an institution like Real Madrid needed to create a strong and reliable moral values to inspire their community. As the interviewer was explaining, sports are a mechanism in order to take care about your health as in the same time a good way to interact with your society.   For these reason, this institution wanted to focus in showing that the spirit of the sports is highly important in our modern society in which technology has taken a big part of our society with more negatives impacts. It was also important for the club to create a responsible image with professionals in health, communications and commerce to bring to the people positives lifestyles.

Institutions like Real Madrid who have a great economic power are capable to affect all our international community as they work in the five continents and are now days one of the most famous and international franchise. Creating a lifestyle in the lives of the fans is highly important for the government and politics, is here in which we can clear see the impact of external actors who are not governmental and have a big influence in our world.

In second place, as a principal member in the program of the UEM and also a big important member of the Real Madrid Foundation, he has a very strong idea for the future of Spain and the impact of Real Madrid in the world. Right now, Real Madrid Humanitarian Foundation program works in several countries with economic, political and social crisis, where from the point of view of the interviewer, sports are the only mechanism of bringing a happy time to the children affected by the wrong decisions of governments. He argues

the importance of been presence in for example, African countries where mostly all the children know about Real Madrid and they don’t even know about their human rights. Also, during the time that the children are able to assist to this programs, they are teaching them values of having a healthy life with sports.

Analysing this answer, it is very important for real Madrid to act like a humanitarian institution as it will create a huge impact in the responsibility in the future society, as they have been stablishing an impact in all generations, it shows how essential sports are for human health. In the same way, they are working with children, who are the most affected because of the certain situations in every state.

In conclusion, there are very important actors in our international society, that not all the people are capable to recognize. Real Madrid is an important institution in our modern society who creates a huge impact in our youngest generations, it is very important to notice the responsible work that directives like Emilio are doing in order to project a better world for those who are in this present having various difficulties. It is important to create in our governments more economic profit for sports and have a better relation with institutions that are changing our world.

 

Carlos Salgado

ISIS breaks European Security

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After the recent attacks in Manchester there is no more ethics or rights to break, ISIS could have cross the line in which they don’t even care about the age of their victims. On the other hand, we have been looking to a security program in Europe that is not working and need to be change rapidly. But the real uncertainty is how much collaboration has been done by the states? And what is NATO working for? Europe’s security problem falls in the difference that live in their political beliefs. We are looking in the present to a breakable Europe that is losing security program options.

June 22nd, 2017 is a very sad date which will remember the whole world and more particularly England. Indeed, England was struck by a new terrorism attack in Manchester, the balance sheet of this attack 22 deaths and numerous wounded persons. It is the fifth time that England is a victim of these attacks, and only two months after London’s attack. That has provoked lots of reactions from the governments but also from the citizens. Indeed, from now on we can notice that there is a light intercultural split. Certain people point at the government’s decisions and at the set-up safety devices which are very too insufficient. Do these attacks create a wave of interrogation for the citizens are in safety and during how long this massacre goes to last?

Ariana Grande’s concert, idol of the children and adolescents, gathered Monday many of them and their parents, who come to accompany or to wait them at the end of the event that was supposedly one of the best night of their lives. Among those casualties and deaths, most of them were children and young adult.  The youngest one, a little girl had her life in front of her: Saffie Rose Roussos, only eight years old. Others aged of 15-29 years old, have also found the death. Per jihadist specialist David Thomson: “It is indeed possible that from the point of view of the IE, it is a weakness to show that the child has been spared”. This quote can be found during the attack that one of her suitors perpetrated in June 2016 for the murder of a couple and whose author hesitated to keep the child envious . So, we can conclude that targeting children are targets like others and can be an easy way to touch deeply the different cultures existing.

Despite these days, there are a lot of news justifying terrorists just because there are from an Islamic State. There are some terrorist who have European nationality and this is the case of Salman Abedi, the Manchester’s terrorist, who was born in Manchester. So obviously, he has the english nationality. Moreover, his parents were Libyan refugees who move to UK to be able to escape to the Gaddafi regime. It is thought that the family trips to Libya turn our terrorist into a person with a radical ideology.

To conclude with the security crisis in Europe as the political programs continue to be different and the policies do not mix them together, it will be easier every time to break the wellbeing of the citizens. This have been very influential to new political groups that has encourage people to fear and hate Muslims with discrimination. If we are going to fight for democracy and the freedom of the Europe’s society, global institutions like the UN and NATO should leader programs for union and stop the constant manipulation of companies that take advantage of the economic profit of war.

Macron elected President: the world welcomes its victory!

On this day of Sunday, May 7th, Macron has become the new French president. First in polls for several months, French people believed in this young banker to be the one to govern their country. Thanks to his triumph against Marine Le Pen, its competitor, France is no longer divided and finds a semblance of tranquility.

But how did the rest of the world react? Because for some time France has been placed under a microscope almost everywhere. Going from Japan, to the United States, passing through Israel or Venezuela

Firstly, they were also some states in which they offered their support to Marine Le Pen, those special countries had some common characteristics in their political philosophy. The main countries that were backing the ultra-right program in France where; the United States, Russia and the UK government. Especially for UK, which was hoping that France, if Marine Le Pen was elected, that they would not be the only one leaving UE. 

Various political leaders announced by their personal social sites their disagreement to the victory of Macron. As Nigel Farage tweeted “Emmanuel Macron offers 5 more years of failure, power to the UE and open borders. If Marie Le pen sticks in there, she can win 2022”, who directly addresses their support as Le Pen was in favor of leaving the European Union. When the news arrives to Moscow, the reaction of president Putin after his meeting on march 24 with Le Pen was not very likely, as the French leader had included in her political government an exit in NATO and a very friendly relation with Russia.

It is clear that the important influence of the French power had around the world. For this reason the reaction of president Trump wasn’t directly supporting Macron but the past declarations before the elections and the visit of Le Pen to Washington evidently showed a relationship between these right leaders.

On the other hand, Emmanuel Macron was supported by most of the European countries because of Macron’s ideology which is considered pro-European. Many of members of the European departments show their positions as Jean-Claude Juncker, the president of the European Commission, and of course, European countries like Germany, where Angela Merkel celebrate the Macron victory by calling him or even Mariano Rajoy, the president of Spain’s government, who sent a telegram to Emmanuel Macron. Furthermore, the ex-president of the United States, Barack Obama  announced his support to Macron too, just before the election on May 4th.

After winning presidential elections and becoming the world’s youngest president, Europe was then going to react to this event, some countries feared a victory of Marine Le Pen because they felt that the place of France was in europe.

And it is thus the most pro-European candidate of this campaign which was elected, what did not escape in his from now on counterparts. From Brussels to Berlin, including Rome or Madrid, congratulations streamed, so sincere as relieved. Concerning United Kingdom, the majority of the political leaders greeted the victory of Macron, which falls in the campaign.

Emmanuel Macron carries at the same time the hope of the countries of the South (Italy, Greece, Spain), who hope a little less obligatorily and a little more reflation, and those for countries of the North, which, to save European spirit, are ready for financial concessions if France implements new reforms. With its election and after Brexit  and more still if Martin Schultz beat Angela Merkel in autumn , Europe has maybe just entered a new cycle.

The “Frexit” election

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First results came out April 23rd 2017 which marks a turning point in the French Political life, even in French society, which is more divided than ever.

The first turn of this election shows the rise in power of the National Front led by Marine Le Pen, the defeat of the Right and Left Political parties, as well as the appearance of a new movement. This one is led by one of the youngest candidates of the presidential elections 2017. What happened? What changed people’s minds? Are any of the current event in charge of this Change of circumstances?

To win, each of the two finalists must build a gathering much bigger than its initial one. So they need to attract as many voters as possible from the candidates beaten in the first round. For decades, this gathering obeyed the logic of the two camps – left and right – that dominated the political landscape. The elimination of the candidates of the Socialist Party and the Republican Party, and the qualification of those of the National Front and “En marche!”. Make this voice reporting mechanism unprecedented and much more unpredictable. 

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Marine Le pen is a layer and right-handed politician who has been decisive in the construction of the modern politics in France. This year, she’s leading a political vision that is taking a lot of controversies in the way of being discriminatory, Eurocentric and fascist. In order to understand her ideas, it is necessary to state three of the main arguments she is willing to fight for.

Firstly, she wants to expel France from the European Union (Frexit), this will completely change the organization of the European program after the Brexit was triggered. As she declared in an interviewI am a ferocious opponent of the European Union, so I’m not held to the choices that have been made, which go completely against the interests of France.

Secondly, she wants to change the national and international security program in which France must be taken out from the OTAN, this make a lot of debates as France is one of the countries in which ISIS had taken the most acts.The fear of the French community is becoming stronger after each terrorist attack, is the responsibility for the candidates to ensure their country’s security.

Finally, Le Pen includes in her political campaign program a new economic platform changing for a protectionism in which they will close many of the international treats,  France will lose a lot of international economic power. This protectionism program has clear similarities with Trump and May objectives, in which the three of them share similarities in their political view.

Macron is a former member of the socialist party, despite of creating the centrist movement called “En Marche!”. According to, his electoral program, the republican candidate give an overall Pro European Union view, however he said in one of his speeches  that he wanted to “make some changes so that the EU can be made stronger”.

In economic terms, the Republican candidate is promoting to make France more a business based on work and responsibility. He wants to make the labour market more flexible and talk about changing the electoral system, which would be more proportional. It is known that these days France is suffering dangerous problems with security, so as Macron established, he had promised to strengthen police and suggest to increase European Union cooperation. Furthermore, the Republican candidate said that it is necessary to make France multicultural.

First not-surprise of this first turn, the surveys were not mistaken. The presidential campaign was characterized by a permanent lawsuit blaming the surveys, in particular after the primary educations of the Republicans where the opening of Francois Fillon had been underestimated and in more general context, marked by the partial failures of the survey institutes to predict Brexit and Trump’s victory at the time of the American Presidential election. On may 7th the French people will make an important choice because the far right has never been that close to preside, which would be a first in the French history.

On the other side, Emmanuel Macron leaves like the favorite of the second turn, however the surveys show that voting intentions are very tight between its two candidates.

The stakes are very important because the program of its two candidates are very different in particular economically with the exit of the Europe concerning Marine Le pen whereas Emmanuel Macron would wish on the opposite “to build Europe of the sovereign nations and free people”. In 4 days, France, Europe and the rest of the world will know the future of France and its place on the European scene.

TURKEYS RELATION WITH THE EU Friends? How?

Turkey´s intention´s in last years around integrating the European Uion seems to be clear, in this article we will argue that Turkey´s adhision to the EU may not be as good as it looks.
Europe is our common home that we have united around common norms, principles and values. As a part and parcel of the European family, Turkey not only has influenced the political, economic and socio-cultural developments in the Continent but has also been influenced by them. An overall evaluation of the history of Europe cannot be made without analyzing the role that Turkey played in the Continent. As in the past, the destinies of Turkey and other European countries are intertwined. We face the future together. In this context, our goal to become an EU member is a strategic choice.”
First parragrafh of the official webpage of the Turkey Ministery of Foreign Affairs and Exteriors.
It is true that their history is part of Europe´s history, joined and at the same time divided, and we say divided because they history can show us how they were the common enemy of Europe. This enmity can be seen today in the mentality of Eastern European countries which were dominated by this empire, even now they show distrust and hostility to this old enemy. Geographically and culturally, Turkey is closer to the Middle East or Asia than to Europe. Their accession would complicate decision-making and force the EU over time to become less effective organization. But turkey´s intention are not so clear. To be in the European Union it´s necessary to be fully humanitarian democratic wich sadly now a days it´s definly not. Even though turkey has made lot of progress in human rights development, sadly ,its has been demostrated by many sources such as human rights watch that this was wet paper or at list, a part of it. In the last 10 months , the government ordered mass arrests of journalists, closed multiple media outlets, and jailed elected opposition politicians. A total 100,000 civil servants including teachers, judges and prosecutors, suspended hundreds of nongovernmental groups, and consolidated government control over the courts.
Turkey was supose to colaborate on illegal migration issues. But this is not been done. Not only that, turkey has used this problem as a currency of exchange to deal with the EU threating with opening barriers. Turkey is the key and the lock. Joining to the free movement of people a country that makes terrenal frontier with failure warstates such as Siria and Iraq may be quite unwise to the european partners. The dominant view in EU institutions and governments is that Turkey’s collaboration is imperative to manage the refugee and slow down their arrival to European territory. Collaboration on migration issues has always been important but it has never been so actual.

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Four teenagers have been arrested by French police while they were planning a terrorist attack in Paris.

On Friday 10th of February, French police arrested four people, three men and a 16-year-old woman, suspicious of planning a suicide attack in Paris.

According to Sky News, all of them were arrested in the southern French city called MontpellierApparently, the young people were going to activate the explosive belt in one of the most visited touristic areas of the French capital.

According to the french police sources, the four suspects were arrested after buying acetone, which they may have used on preparing an explosive device to realize a frustrated planned attack. Between them, the 16-year-old girl who has been watched out in social networks, after expressing a wish to travel to the Syria and Iraq, defeat them and attack France.  All four were suspicious on plannig an attack and were under surveillance by french authorities.

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The french police raided a house where the four teenagers were arrested and they found explosive material, computers and other equipment. In particular, agents of the anti-terrorist group found 70 grams of TATP, a powerful explosive, but also one liter of acetone, another one of hydrogen peroxide and another one of sulfuric acid, material that can be used to make explosives, informs BFMTV. These explosives are known as  “Mother of Satan” and were used in the terrorist attacks in Paris and Brussels and in bombing in London in 2005.

The arrested teenagers may remain in provisional detention for 96 hours, before they will be presented to a judge who will determine their possible accusation. The arrests came a week after a 29- year- old Egyptian, Abdallah el-Hamahmy attacked a French soldier in gallery of the Louvre in Paris, while he was screaming “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the greatest), however he refused that it was an attack and said, that he only wanted to make a pacific sign and show his opposition to bombarding Syria by France.

A new meassure that was taken a few days ago, to counter the continuous attemps of attacks is the construction of a wall around the Eiffel tower. According to the diary           “Le Parisienne”, the French Government its planning to shield the Eiffel Tower with a 2.50-meter-high bullet-proof glass wall that will surround the french main momnument this autumn to reinforce the safety.

 François Martins, deputy of Tourism of the mayor, the socialist Anne Hidalgo, said that “The terrorist risk remains high in Paris and the most exposed points, such as the Eiffel Tower, must be subject to specific security measures.

Juan Alejandro Garcia de la Vega Lapique
Mateo Caraballo Pérez Galdós
Romana Donovalová