Interview with a Brazilian Lawyer

This project is founded on an interview with Antonio Martins, a Brazilian lawyer for a multinational company. The objective of this interview is to learn in primary source the experience of being a lawyer in Latin America.

After a short briefing through Skype, I though the best way to introduce his experience was through a short story about his life in reference to his professional skills.

Antonio has lived most of his life between Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. He studied Law at the university “Estácio de Sá” during the 80´s and got his first job at a nutritional industry straight after finishing his studies. After 5 years, Antonio changed sector and went to the farmaceutical industry. At this job he found the stability he needed. During this period he found who would be his actual wife, got married and had kids. At this moment, he is living in Rio de Janeiro and he has more than 20 years of career experience in the juridical sector.

I was very interested in this experience, reason why I wanted so much to do this interview; therefore I asked Antonio, how essential are lawyers in Brazil?, in the sense of what are the most common crimes he sees from his law firm. The first thing Antonio pointed out is that the political system is a very sensible subject to talk about, but lawyers are a “legislative making source” towards resolution of most conflicts. He says that a couple months ago there was a process going on called “Lava Jato” where a few politicians including high charges of the government, where accused of corruption scandals. So far, “this has been intensified through media and also due to the global issue regarding fiscal paradises”, said Antonio. In conclusion the massive demand on this sector is especially related to cases of deviation on public funds towards private accounts.

He believes that there are many lacks of information and procedures in some specific laws in Brazil such as in labor, economics and Internet. In this sense he says that lawyers have become fundamental towards the fight against crime. In answer to the second part of the question, he says “sometimes it´s not easy to cope with clients that come to my office”, he says that fortunately he only picks topics related to multinational companies, although in Brazil the most common crimes are basically drugs, prostitution and robbery, but he says it´s hard to precise which one is more common. Antonio says that nowadays he leads more with trials related with legality of products, especially in terms of “reverse engineering”, which is generally a modification of a product, intent of copy or just piracy.

In this sense I asked Antonio, what was his opinion on law enforcement? To what extent, he believes that when legislative rules are approved, the Government accomplishes these aims? Antonio smiled, he says that it´s a good question! He started by saying that last year, summer of 2016, the Olympic Games took place as a motor towards the economy, although most people where against it, because these infrastructures have a high cost that would consequently be paid by Brazilian citizens at very high prices. Even though, he believes that it´s not a matter of costs, but an issue between investment and corruption that allows these decisions.

The bright side of Brazilian people it´s that they will always smile and give you the best part of these types of issues, he says: “at least we projected ourselves to the rest of the world and Brazil has achieved more tourists then ever”. He says that sometimes we forget that Brazil is a country with 8.516 million km² and a population of 207.8 million people, if it´s hard for European communities to sometimes get along, imagine having to enforce law in such a huge space. The question on Government aims, he says that it´s not easy to compare, Sao Paulo has 12 million habitants and Roraima has 497 thousand. There is a huge difference between the different regions of Brazil, but Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Brasilia, are the most developed regions and it doesn’t represent Brazil as a whole, therefore in general terms, it is hard to achieve and most of the times aims are not even started.

As a last question, I asked Antonio what he thought about future challenges in terms of his law firm and the perspective of future in Brazil, he said his law firm is working hard towards the adaptation of new regulations and the enforcement of the commerce between different countries of the Latin America Region. He strongly believes that Brazil will open his way out of the economic crisis, somehow provoked by the unbalance of the International trade. The prospects in terms of future economics “looks good”, said Antonio, but he says he is still worried about the political instability.

Miguel Viçoso

ISIS breaks European Security

Manchester_Arena_panorama.jpg

After the recent attacks in Manchester there is no more ethics or rights to break, ISIS could have cross the line in which they don’t even care about the age of their victims. On the other hand, we have been looking to a security program in Europe that is not working and need to be change rapidly. But the real uncertainty is how much collaboration has been done by the states? And what is NATO working for? Europe’s security problem falls in the difference that live in their political beliefs. We are looking in the present to a breakable Europe that is losing security program options.

June 22nd, 2017 is a very sad date which will remember the whole world and more particularly England. Indeed, England was struck by a new terrorism attack in Manchester, the balance sheet of this attack 22 deaths and numerous wounded persons. It is the fifth time that England is a victim of these attacks, and only two months after London’s attack. That has provoked lots of reactions from the governments but also from the citizens. Indeed, from now on we can notice that there is a light intercultural split. Certain people point at the government’s decisions and at the set-up safety devices which are very too insufficient. Do these attacks create a wave of interrogation for the citizens are in safety and during how long this massacre goes to last?

Ariana Grande’s concert, idol of the children and adolescents, gathered Monday many of them and their parents, who come to accompany or to wait them at the end of the event that was supposedly one of the best night of their lives. Among those casualties and deaths, most of them were children and young adult.  The youngest one, a little girl had her life in front of her: Saffie Rose Roussos, only eight years old. Others aged of 15-29 years old, have also found the death. Per jihadist specialist David Thomson: “It is indeed possible that from the point of view of the IE, it is a weakness to show that the child has been spared”. This quote can be found during the attack that one of her suitors perpetrated in June 2016 for the murder of a couple and whose author hesitated to keep the child envious . So, we can conclude that targeting children are targets like others and can be an easy way to touch deeply the different cultures existing.

Despite these days, there are a lot of news justifying terrorists just because there are from an Islamic State. There are some terrorist who have European nationality and this is the case of Salman Abedi, the Manchester’s terrorist, who was born in Manchester. So obviously, he has the english nationality. Moreover, his parents were Libyan refugees who move to UK to be able to escape to the Gaddafi regime. It is thought that the family trips to Libya turn our terrorist into a person with a radical ideology.

To conclude with the security crisis in Europe as the political programs continue to be different and the policies do not mix them together, it will be easier every time to break the wellbeing of the citizens. This have been very influential to new political groups that has encourage people to fear and hate Muslims with discrimination. If we are going to fight for democracy and the freedom of the Europe’s society, global institutions like the UN and NATO should leader programs for union and stop the constant manipulation of companies that take advantage of the economic profit of war.

Taiwan’s supreme court acknowledges same-sex marriage: why it’s a good thing

 

On Wednesday, May 24, the Taiwan Justice Department made the decision to give the ruling In favor of marriage between people of the same sex. This is a bit unusual because as we all know, Asian countries are often characterized by their very restrictive laws regarding the freedom of their population, their very conservative mindset and their discrimination among the LBGTQ community. This was a great move, because it not only means a change of laws, but also a change of mindset.

According to an article of opendemocracy.net, it states that in Asia there are still threats and abuse of power, Contributors have said that while these threats are even far worse in authoritarian regimes, it’s been proven that several countries in Asia such as China lack of freedom of expression. Although, it is being shown that the President of Taiwan, Tsai Ing-wen is not like the rest of Asia’s leaders, she is proving that she cares for the freedom of Taiwan’s population.

Not only is this decision affecting only Taiwan in a positive way, but there are also some countries part of Asia that are being affected by this and want to follow into Taiwan’s footsteps, for example Thailand and Cambodia. It is also a big surprise because most of Asia has a very conservative mindset, for example, countries such as China and South Korea.

This decision will also prevent deaths and sexual abuse among the LGBTQ community because according to an article of the huffingtonpost.com, stories have shown that kids and teenagers in the southeast of Asia (for example, Singapore) have been kicked out of their homes after telling their parents about their homosexuality, “corrective” rape has occurred to thousands of teenage girls and boys and sadly is still occurring. Below there is a list of countries and how these countries punish homosexual people.

Taiwan has become Asia’s pioneer, showing a true evolution in its politics, culture and traditions, even giving the possibility to its people of enforcing their rights of who to choose and love in marriage, whether it’s an heterosexual or homosexual relationship. Every human-being has the right to search for happiness, and if that happiness is same-sex marriage, then so be it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What Trump has been so far

In this article, we are going to see a brief general overview of the 45th President of The United States, Donald trump, given by the hand of Dori Toribio. She is a US correspondent working for media programmes, like Noticias Cuatro and Informativos Telecinco. We are going to review his main problems and what has been so far on their most mediatic neighbour, Mexico.

dori toribio
Dori Toribio’s work consists on covering the information given by foreign countries or regions wherethey have been sent. They are the eyes and ears of their viewers and readers. They have to put in context the information given, making it easier to comprehend for anyone, which makes them much more present in the news rather than the national chronicle.

Since he got in his presidency, Donald Trump has gathered a great part of the media on any device or any country. With few time in the power, he has made sure that most US news revolt around him and hasn’t left anyone indifferent. But there is a list of problems in his administration. “Trump’s administration has lots of problems. For various reasons, like the fact that they haven’t been in the power a 100 days and the start for any administration is hard. But right now the biggest problem without a doubt is that there is a lot of credibility issues regarding the president.” Said Dori Toribio. “Since he got into power, he has made a series of consecutive statements (or tweets) that has been found inaccurate or directly false, which sums up to his polemic talks as a presidential candidate.”

His political un-correctness and his bold statements have made him one of the most disapproved presidents. “This credibility issues supposes big problems, in the time where he should be enjoying his “Presidential honeymoon”. But at this moment his approval index is around 37%, one of the lowest of the history.”

Nevertheless his mediatic storm has made some different views with different points over the last months. “There is a divided vision about it.” argues Dori. “Trump’s followers are satisfied with the confrontation of the president with the media, whose credibility plummeted in the country. But the president of the United States has declared war to the media since his first week in the White house. And that creates an unusual dynamic in Washington in a brand-new Administration.” Trump’s has been restless from taking out the credibility of the media. “The media has been called “fake news” almost daily and has been declared “The enemy of the people”, and this language has been for us extremely worrying, because it makes you remember historic movements or leaderships that has not been very democratic.”

Despite his approval rate and his war on the media, Trump general opinion is diverse, mainly because he is trying to stick to his promises on the electoral campaign. “This is a really big country where there is millions of people and the opinion is not unanimous. Trump won the elections with more than 62 millions of votes and a great part of their voters are still happy with their president because they consider that he is succeeding the promises established in the campaign which made them vote him.” Says Dori. “But there is millions of voters who did not bet for him, and according to the popular vote the majority. And it’s usual to hear critics and concern about him or even fear between some Americans due to the situation that he is generating or the future that the United States can confront with Trump in the White House. It’s a president with few precedents in the history, probably the only thing that anyone can agree in this moment.” The social division has notably increased since he got in charge, with various rallies against him, appealing to not make him president.”

His biggest promise in his campaign was that he was going to “build a great great wall” between Mexico and the US, but as we have seen, there has been little movement in the administration. According to Dori, there has been very little details about the foreign policy of the Administration regarding Mexico. “There has been lots of accusations and words, but right now anything has turned into the practice. We will have to see exactly what Trump is planning to do in the economic and commercial terrain, apart from knowing if he is going to be able to build his desired wall, for budget problems.” “The only thing that has been a reality is the change in the migratory policies and deportations and pitifully, it affects millions of Mexicans in the US, apart from other communities.

From the war on the media, to his harsh declarations on foreign neighbours like Mexico, I think that Trump’s future is saving for something even bigger, but apart from that, we will have to wait and see what he is planning, either for the good or the worse of the country.

“It could become the most expensive waste of money in history”

Marina Barberá Matías

All the actions done by the president Donald J. Trump have been done to “make America great again” but despite of what people may say the intention is not what matters. Those political moves may produce different outcomes of those sought by Mr. Trump.

One of the f086c412irst decisions when he arrived to his actual position and one of the well-known promises done during the presidential campaign of Mr. Trump was the withdrawal of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). Charles Kushner program director of the Bachelor in International Relations at IE University in Madrid Spain, sees it like the perfect opportunity for Canada to step into America’s leadership role in order to facilitate better trade, as Canada largely avoided the 2008 financial crisis by avoiding the risky banking practices that were responsible for the collapse, thus they are well poised to step into this leadership role.

Mr. Trump said “now American workers will be protected against competition from low-wage countries like Vietnam and Malaysia.” but the reasons established by experts for the manufacturing jobs decline differ from his. The central cause is the automation, which has developed into the decline of human labour. It is a fact that despite the decline in manufacturing jobs, the productivity in American factories has been increased. We are producing more while employing fewer. “This is exactly why Donald Trump’s plan to pull out of trade deals won’t only not bring back jobs to the American economy, it will actually hurt the economy further, as products exported by America would undoubtedly suffer with less trading partners.” Mr. Kushner said. The economic position of the U.S. as the world leader can be at risk by the isolationist strategy followed by Mr. Trump as affects their international image in the free market. Mr. Kushner said that in order to maintain its status as the beacon of the free world, America in fact needs to be a part of the world. It cannot afford to shut itself in behind pointless and costly walls.

Also, the acts done by the new president will without discussion cause changes on the relation between the U.S. and the countries from all around the world. The TPP was a pact in which the United States, the world’s largest economy and Japan, the third world largest economy, were together in a free-trade pact. The end of this agreement could cause some differences in the relation between Japan and the U.S., but the reality is that their relation despite the event from the past is better than the one that Japan has with its neighbours. “The dismantling of the TPP doesn’t affect current trade deals the U.S. and Japan share. Currently Japan is the United States 4th largest trading partner”. The relation among them will remain as usual but it is a fact that the withdrawal of the U.S. from the TPP will cause an economic vacuum that China will look forward to fill. It will be matter of time see if the relation between other members and the U.S. is enough to prevent China of fulfilling that position.

The relation with Mexico is the most affected by the actions of Mr. Trump as one of the most polemic orders is the construction of the wall in the frontier between Mexico and the United States. The main cause of its controversy is the dispute about who is going to pay for it, as the president of the United States has affirmed from the campaign that his country will not pay and the president of Mexico also declared that no Mexican money will be used for the construction of that wall, Mexico is face to face against the multimillionaire Donald Trump who has promised to find the way to make them pay and one of the ideas is through taxes. This will not be a good option as Mr. Kushner says that Mexican exporters would likely just raise taxes on American products as well as the prices of their own exports, resulting in price increases in the U.S. and ultimately the cost of the wall would be paid by Americans, not Mexico. Moreover, the construction of the wall will be unproductive as there are another ways through which the immigrants arrive to the U.S. so “it could become the most expensive waste of money in history as most undocumented immigrants in America fly into the country and overstay a valid visa.”

First, the respect…

The respect in this world is fundamental and more in these days where each country looks for their own interests.What exactly means the use of the veil by the westerns women in Muslims countries? in the recent years, the respect and the promotion of that of other religions, it is something that the entire society is losing. Currently, the use of the veil it is so us a limitation of the women rights, at that point, we think that the veil is an instrument or symbol that oppress the woman and her liberties but when we talk about the use of the veil in the visits to church or meeting with high representatives of the Muslim religion, the use of the veil take other paper us a symbol of respect that you show to that religion and beliefs. Looking in the When woman´s like, the Queen of Jordan or the first lady of US wore outfits that follow the rules and beliefs of the countries that they visited. We see it as a symbol of respect or only they are following the protocol?

Recently, during a visit to Lebanon, Marine Lepen, denied the use of the headscarf for the meeting with the Lebanon Sunni religious leader. At the entry, she replied to the Sunni leader secretary: “You convey to the great mufti my consideration but I will not veil myself”. Analyzing the actions taken by her, we consider that the way that she acted, it is a clear example of the low respect that she showed to the Islam religion.What

makes us think in the way, that if our high representatives didn’t promote the respect of other religions and norms, our society will become over the time, a discriminatory society with a high-level of social conflicts, for the simple fact of not knowing how to respect.

However, Michelle Obama during her official visit to Saudi Arabia in 2015 didn’t cover her hair with the veil that the Muslim religion required to the women. But, reading an article from the CNN, in the protocol the use of veil by foreign women´s is exempted and allows them to have their heads uncovered. Although for the civil citizens of Arabia Saudi, it is seen as an insult to their religion, Michelle Obama didn’t want to create those points of views, she only followed the protocol respectfully.

The respect and love by two different religions are something that the Pope and Queen Rania of Jordan have shown us during the visit of the Jordan Kings in August 2013. The Queen of Jordan, which is from a Muslim country, showed her admiration to the Pope, wearing in accordance with the protocol, a simple black dress and a white veil without any jewel or makeup. But the most relevant moment came when the own Pope made a reverence to the Queen, showing the respect that he had to her and to all the humanitarian projects that she has done. A simple action that has produced a huge impact in the relation between both religions has made a considerable progress, in the respect of other beliefs and cultures between the different societies.

Pope breaks with the protocol by bowing Queen Rania of Jordan. 

Making all this research, we have noticed that the simple fact of wearing or not a piece of clothes produces a high level of influence in the international society. Currently, the world is living a situation in where the respect is taking second place, losing the fundamental bases of humans. Concluding that, the main goal of all the international actors, is to create an atmosphere where the integration and the respect of all types of beliefs and traditions are the basis of the international relations and humans.

By: Angela Cantero, Marie Camacho and Alejandra Torres.

TURKEYS RELATION WITH THE EU Friends? How?

Turkey´s intention´s in last years around integrating the European Uion seems to be clear, in this article we will argue that Turkey´s adhision to the EU may not be as good as it looks.
Europe is our common home that we have united around common norms, principles and values. As a part and parcel of the European family, Turkey not only has influenced the political, economic and socio-cultural developments in the Continent but has also been influenced by them. An overall evaluation of the history of Europe cannot be made without analyzing the role that Turkey played in the Continent. As in the past, the destinies of Turkey and other European countries are intertwined. We face the future together. In this context, our goal to become an EU member is a strategic choice.”
First parragrafh of the official webpage of the Turkey Ministery of Foreign Affairs and Exteriors.
It is true that their history is part of Europe´s history, joined and at the same time divided, and we say divided because they history can show us how they were the common enemy of Europe. This enmity can be seen today in the mentality of Eastern European countries which were dominated by this empire, even now they show distrust and hostility to this old enemy. Geographically and culturally, Turkey is closer to the Middle East or Asia than to Europe. Their accession would complicate decision-making and force the EU over time to become less effective organization. But turkey´s intention are not so clear. To be in the European Union it´s necessary to be fully humanitarian democratic wich sadly now a days it´s definly not. Even though turkey has made lot of progress in human rights development, sadly ,its has been demostrated by many sources such as human rights watch that this was wet paper or at list, a part of it. In the last 10 months , the government ordered mass arrests of journalists, closed multiple media outlets, and jailed elected opposition politicians. A total 100,000 civil servants including teachers, judges and prosecutors, suspended hundreds of nongovernmental groups, and consolidated government control over the courts.
Turkey was supose to colaborate on illegal migration issues. But this is not been done. Not only that, turkey has used this problem as a currency of exchange to deal with the EU threating with opening barriers. Turkey is the key and the lock. Joining to the free movement of people a country that makes terrenal frontier with failure warstates such as Siria and Iraq may be quite unwise to the european partners. The dominant view in EU institutions and governments is that Turkey’s collaboration is imperative to manage the refugee and slow down their arrival to European territory. Collaboration on migration issues has always been important but it has never been so actual.

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