United States Court of Appeals Denies Trump’s Travel Ban

The controversial decree signed by President Donald J. Trump banning refugees and restricting travel from seven Muslim-majority countries to enter in the U.S. was declined by the U.S. Court of Appeals.

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President of United States Donald J. Trump

Mr. Trump signed the Executive Order 13769 under the name of “Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into the United States”resulting in the suspension of this decree on 3rd February. The U.S. Court of Appeals on 9th February unanimously rejected President Trump’s attempt to re-apply it

From this declarations, CAIR National Executive Director Nihad Awad said:

This victory should not lead to complacency. This and other Trump administration orders and policies still pose a threat to communities of color, religious minorities, women, and others.”  

Three judges supported arguments in order to keep the suspension of the traveling ban and Mr. Trump said he would take the case to the Supreme Court.

Trump defend his travel ban and accused the judiciary branch of becoming “political” during an address to the Washington, D.C.conference of the Major Cities Chiefs Association. He also made references to his current measures related to the electoral campaign:


“One of the reasons I was elected was because of law, order, and security.”

Mr. Trump talks directly to the American people, Courts of Appeal and to the Opposition:


“You are great men and women, and we have to allow you to do your jobs, and we have to give you the weapons that you need […] they are trying to taking away from you, because of politics, or political views.”


In those statements, he is calling for Americans to understand the travel ban as a tool for increment security and jobs. Then Trump alleged the possibility of the Courts of being influenced by the opposite party in its decisions. 

This article from The Guardian informs about Trump called for surveillance against mosques and support the idea of establishing a database for all Muslims living in the United States. This ideology has led Trump wants to the shutdown of Muslims entering the United States until he was able to figure out how to attack horrendous threats by people who believe only in Jihad, and have no sense of reason or respect for human life, in his own words.

Trump’s executive order of the travel ban restriction proposed (also applied to permanent US residents, like green-card holders and foreign visitors) the imposition of a 90-day ban on travelers from Syria, Iran, Sudan, Lybia, Somalia, Yemen, and Iraq, according to the Telegraph

However, the ban is not applied to Christians of these countries. 

Trump’s executive order has been strongly criticized by many people, as the Court of Appeals alleged that the travel ban has nothing to do with the reach of ‘national security’:

The decision to ban people from seven-Muslim majority countries to enter the United States will give further arguments to extremist groups, such as the Islamic State, and will not guarantee national security.”


By Alejandro Martínez, Marina Barberá and Alba Tissera.

DROWNED IN INDIFFERENCE

On Sunday, January 29th, an African immigrant lost his life in Venice, Italy, when he fell into the water of the Gran Canal and after a few minutes of fighting for his life, he drowned while the people around him were laughing and making videos and racist jokes. Nobody jumped in to help him.

 On the last day, we could see many internet pages showing a video of a young man, of age 22, called Pateh Saballyh from Gambia, Africa, who fell into the water of the Gran Canal in Venice and was drowning. Although some people from the boats which were around at that moment threw him some lifebuoys, he could not get any of them and in the end, he died. Although, some witnesses and also the Italian police say that he jumped into the water by himself, and that his intention was suicide, it does not change the fact that nobody jumped into the water to help him or in the case of the possible suicide, to save his young life. What is more, people around were making videos, in which we can hear racist jokes and comments such as: “Africa!”, “Come on, go back to your country!”, “He is stupid, he wants to die!”, “He deserves it!”, “Let him die!”…

After a few minutes, witnesses only saw a man’s dead body floating on the surface of the water. Some media sources state that the people around tried to help him by throwing him the lifebuoys and that he just did not catch them. But what if he was not able to do so? They are trying to present themselves innocent, but why did nobody jump into the water to safe his life? Yes, the water during the end of January might be very cold, but we think that human life deserves at least the intention to be saved.

 

 

“A young man has jumped into the water. They threw him two or three lifebuoys, but he refused the help. It is a disaster. I don’t know his story. People say that he is African. I cannot imagine what he had been through, how many seas and deserts he had to cross in order to come here and he came to die here, in the most beautiful place in the world,” said an Italian taxi driver. Other sources say, that he was not an immigrant, but that he had already been in Italy for two years and that he also had a residence permission and had been working legally.

But whoever he was and wherever he had come from, that does not change the fact that he was a human being. The question is: If it was a white person, European or American citizen drowning and losing his or her life in the canal, would it have been the same? Wouldn’t the people have helped him or her? Wouldn’t the people have jumped into the water and not just say that it was too cold? Would they have let him or her die? We are pretty sure that the answer is no. This event has driven us to ask if we are all like this? Are we all such big racists? Where has all this hate against people of another colour come from, if in the beginning and in the end we are all equal? This case of a poor young man who lost his life, in part due to of the selfishness and ignorance of others, has to serve us as an example. An example about how we are and how we cannot be anymore, and as a warning: that humanity has to learn how to be more human.

  • Juan Alejandro Garcia de la Vega Lapique 
  • Mateo Caraballo Pérez Galdós    
  • Romana Donovalová

 

Interview with Roberto Centeno

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Mr Centeno is the former CEO of the oil company CAMPSA and also worked as the general director of the Spanish energy company ENAGAS. He has also been an Economy professor at la Escuela de Minas of the UPM. Currently, he participates in both written and broadcast media, writing articles for El Confidencial and Alerta Digital among others. Lately, he has worked as an adviser to Donald Trump’s campaign to attract the Latino vote during the 2016 Presidential Race.

What professional activity do you develop today?

RC: Well, I have worked all my life in the oil sector, as CAMPSA’s CEO, and nowadays in an Italian oil company, which belongs to the Moratti family. At same time, I am a professor at the Escuela de Minas of the UPM.

Which was the main reason that motivated you to collaborate in Donald Trump’s campaign for the Presidency of the US?  

RC: At the beginning of July, a friend, closely related to Texan oil sector and with whom I had worked in the past, proposed me to collaborate in Donald Trump’s campaign to the Presidency of the United States. My job was to advise him on how to attract the Hispanic vote, of huge importance in several key states and Trump’s major Achilles heel. I accepted this offer because I believed in his economic policy. Although I strongly reject the way in which he expresses himself, which is certainly not the most appropriate.

I must say that in some areas he has listen to me but certainly in other aspects he has not. We must have on mind, that something which all his team knew was that Trump always does what he wants and his words and actions are guided by his instinct.

Do you believe that the Trump we saw during his campaign is the same as the President-elect Trump?

No, Trump has led a campaign targeted to all those who felt unsatisfied and discontent, to those who felt disappointed with the system and the country’s actual situation. With his message, he has connected better than anyone with a vast part of the population which felt let down by Obama’s government. Trump has been really intelligent in the sense that he has spread a very demagogic message which has been really effective. For example, Trump said he was going to stop illegal immigration, though to achieve this he was going build a wall along the US-Mexico border and expel 11 million illegal immigrants. Certainly, these are very extreme and impacting messages which obviously are impossible to accomplish, but were impacting and effective enough to convince his voters. Personally, I persuaded him not to promise things which he was not going to be able to achieve. To sum up, he has used a deliberately provoking and impacting language that has nourished many headlines in his speech against the establishment. Despite this, Trump has now made a 180-degree change. Since his first speech as President-elect he has radically changed his tone and some of his promises.

Do you think that public-opinion surveys and election forecasters misread the outcome of the presidential race? Did you believe in Trumps victory before the electoral results came out?

RC: Most of the polls were managed by the establishment powers and transmitted what people wanted to hear. The American media did not understand how deep the discontent of the working and middle class was. Since last August I was convinced of his victory because I’m aware of the discontent that Europe is experiencing too. It was also predictable the result of the Brexit referendum in the UK. Orban’s victory in Hungary also reflects not populism but that people are fed up of the fact that children are living worse than their parents did in the past, because of the establishment politicians incapacity to give solutions to their major problems.

Which changes will we see in relation to US Foreign Policy?

RC: His priority is the destruction of ISIS. First, he has warned Saudi Arabia and Qatar to stop funding this terrorist organization. Secondly, he is going to end with ISIS dedicating 30 000 terrestrial forces with the help of Putin in the offensive. He believes that this combined action will defeat ISIS in weeks.

It is outstanding his intention to improve US-Russia relations. His approach to Putin can reshape the order of the world. Moreover, Cuba is one of his recent concerns if China pretends to intervene in the maintenance of the Communist regime in the island. Around a 20% of Cubans have emigrated to US and the openness of the country will affect them directly.

Will the US remain as the guarantor of international peace?

RC: In relation to the American action in foreign conflicts things are going to change. I believe NATO as we know it now will disappear. I mean, Trump has clearly said that if its members want to keep NATO alive then everyone should contribute the same, that is 2% of their GDP.  At the same time, he plans to cut 600 billion dollars in military expending together with the closing of some bases abroad. I believe he is looking for a great defence agreement with Putin which will be turning point in International Relations, finishing with Obama’s boycott to Putin.

In relation to his Economic Policy, what would highlight from his plan to boost the economy?

RC:  Trump will dedicate himself in body and soul to his main promise: “Make America Great Again”. As positive points, the tax reform will reduce taxes mainly to the middle and working classes and will eliminate federal taxes on the poorest 74 million people. Multinational companies will pay taxes in the US and all domestic tax havens will come to an end. He pursuits a New Deal plan with a huge infrastructure investment which will create employment and richness. Having on mind, that the US unemployment rate is only around 4.9%, which can be considered full employment, the result will be a rise in wages which could negatively affect the American economy with a rise of inflation and interest rates.

Could his protectionist measures affect negatively US bilateral relations with the European Union?

RC: Trump is going to act strongly against China because it has been constantly applying abusive exchange rates to their trading affairs with the US. He will probably apply a 45% tax to these transactions to stop Chinese products from invading American markets.

On the contrary, Spanish construction companies will profit from the 1-billion-dollar expense of the infrastructure plan of his New Deal program. Companies such ACS, Ferrovial and OHL are leading references in the US.

Pence and Giuliani defend the idea that Trump has many thig in common with Reagan, the icon of Republicans. Do you agree with this idea?

RC: No I don’t agree with them. In fact, differences between them are bigger than resemblances. What he really wants is to be the Franklin Delano Roosevelt of the 21st Century. He wants to emulate his greatness and well known image and the only way to do this is to count on the best team. He is surrounding himself with whom he thinks are the very best and better prepared for their task, no matter if they are friends or adversaries, like Mitt Romney, no matter their race or background.

 

 Who do you think will be appointed as the new Secretary of State?

RC: As I have already said, he will probably offer the State Department to Mitt Romney, one of his most fervent detractors during the race to the White House. And the one who used the worst disqualifications towards him such as “phony” and a “con man.” Indeed, he was the spokesman for the Republican segment who turned their back against him. In my opinion Trump is showing his most generous side by giving his toughest adversary the most preeminent position of his government. He is showing the world how pragmatic he can be.

Interview with a Brazilian politican

By Fiona Krogh Gerson

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Lurdete Kummer, Vice-Mayor in Jandira

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Madrid –  Lurdete Kummer is a 47-year old Vice-Mayor of a small town, called Jandira, in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil. I wanted to interview her to get a closer look on the inside of a local government in Brazil. Since I know Mrs. Kummer personally, I was hoping to get her insight and opinion regarding the many problems and challenges Brazil is facing today, corruption amongst the political elite being one of the biggest scandals.

Mrs. Kummer has a degree in Administration, Law and Education and currently studying for a master degree in Human Rights. “You don’t really need a degree to work in the local government”, she told me during our skype interview. Adding that you can never get too much knowledge, learning new things and getting valuable experience in new fields is so stimulating and enables me to do a good job for my town and the people here.

At first I wanted to know a bit more about her position, so when I asked her what she does in her current position as Vice-Mayor in Jandira she told me she helps the Mayor in his work for the population. Her daily life is just like any other ordinary job. When I asked her about the positive and the negative sides of her job, she said that the sad thing is that they can’t really do so much. They have very little money to spend on projects compared to the big cities, and people often demanded and expected a lot from her and the local government. However, when they managed to help people, she described it as the most inspiring part of her job and the main reason why she had chosen this field of work. She didn’t want to see people with power destroying ordinary people’s lives, she wanted to make a difference. “I want to improve people’s lives”, she told me and went on explaining how there are too many people getting into politics for the reason of earning good money, and not for the sake of doing something good for their country or its people. This has to change. Because if not, we will never have the right people in power, she added.

We then got talking about the main issues in Jandira and Brazil. The main focus in Jandira right now is to improve basic education and healthcare for its citizens. The town has a massive need for improvements in these fields. With Jandira being one of the poorer cities in the state of Sao Paulo, they are facing big challenges. She mentions the lack of good healthcare being one of Brazil’s biggest challenges at the moment. There are countless people dying all over Brazil every day due to the lack of good health care provision and a shortage of hospitals. There are not enough medicines to meet the needs of Brazil’s large population. She pointed out education as a priority to tackle this problem. “Good schools and equal access to free, good education for all children is a main priority to achieve this”, she said.

When we started on the topic of corruption she got quite exasperated. When you think of all the poverty there is and corruption scandals Brazil has been exposed to over the last couple of years, it’s understandable that people lose trust in the politicians, get frustrated and riot in the streets. They have had to put up with corrupt governments for so long, and now this year even with the president getting impeached along with so many more in the government. And this is exactly how Mrs. Kummer described it. As many foreigners believe, we have seen Brazil really trying to address the problem of corruption this year, getting rid of tons of corrupt people in the government. But did it help? Mrs. Kummer tried to explain how difficult this challenge is. The corruption is not related just to individuals, it pervades the whole system. “The problem is so deeply entangled into the whole political system that nobody can really see it”, she continued. She cited corruption in business contracts as one of the biggest problems. To my question whether she could see it going on in her local government, she said yes. She felt powerless however in trying to do something about it. For instance, one can make overpriced contracts and it is within the law. It is all very well organized and hard to prove, and she described “them” as experts on what they do and how to hide it. She was not talking about one or two persons, because you have the federal police and higher forces playing a role in this corruption, too. According to Mrs. Kummer this is something everybody knows about but it continues in silence. Mrs. Kummer finds it hard to have faith in the system around her, but she believes Brazil can change. This is why she will continue to be honest in her work in the local community and be a good role model for the people she is meant to serve.

To conclude with I was very curious about how she saw Brazil’s position in the world right now, and how the corruption scandals going on this year might have damaged Brazil’s reputation internationally. Mrs. Kummer sees Brazil struggling to regain confidence in its world position today. She also thinks that Brazil is not an isolated case, that it occurs in many other developed countries all over the world, but not in such a shameful way. Brazil has great potential with its huge amount of natural resources, especially water and forest. Brazil has the potential of becoming a great power one day. Even though it has had its struggles in establishing a stable governance, it looks like the country is on the path to a better future with the events and impeachments this year being a good start. What we from the outside have witnessed is a cleansing in the governmental system, and hopefully in the future there will be only more people like Lurdete Kummer, politicians who wants to serve the needs of the people. I still hold Brazil as a “country of the future”, because I believe in people like her.

 

 

 

 

 

Reaching success

MIAMI- Fede Annito… sales manager of Bayer, pharmaceutical company responsible for the marketing of drugs.

Said that for reach success in what you do you, you must have love and high sense of commitment saying that she thinks that has been the key, the taste for what you do takes you to the pursuit of excellence.
It is very important to select a team of people prepared and committed to the achievement of the objectives of the company.

Planning, motivation, achievement, respect the criteria of each of the members of her team has enabled us to achieve excellent results, placing them in the top of nationwide sales.
Every day she feels very happy because her life allowed her to belong to a very prestigious company in the area of health.

She plans her activities, in order of priority to fulfill all the tasks in the manner most efficient possible.
Happy with what she has and always willing to give it best of her.
Saying: “I love working with people of other nationalities, you learn a lot of the culture, customs and lifestyles of other countries. It’s like traveling without mounted in an airplane, each country has its charm and the most important is the human resource that can through its expression and feelings that let us know more worldwide among my strengths”

Annito thinks that her strong points are her high sense of commitment to life, her family and her work, she owes them her best and her very positive mind.
She feels that we create what we think and that everything is possible, that you just need to believe it and work to ensure that things are achieved.

“I’m proactive, disciplined, consistent with the word and deed, I am sincere, and extremely strict and front.” That is how she describes herself.
The key challenge for her was to lift her area when she started, that team was at the bottom of the raking in sales, she had to make several adjustments to the sales team since in her opinion they were using inappropriate strategies and were devoid of supervision and accompaniment and very discouraged. Then apply the changes established one period not longer than 6 months would be in the of the ranking. She and her team reach the first place and they still keep it.

She speaks Spanish and English.

Seeing the company in the next few years keeping leadership that has for years in the pharmaceutical industry.

Her parents have a great cornerstone in her life, they always had been by her side supporting her with all the love in her decisions and projects, saying “they are the best parents in the world my daily motivation” She wants her child has her example of struggle and perseverance and who will never miss anything.

 

She is very close to all the employees of the company from the lower hierarchy up to the President. Her best moment was the day that she saw at a management meeting in the presentation of the results at her area first, she felt that all the efforts of the first few months had paid off.

In the company they do activities that allow them to express what they feel for each other and always her team conclude that she very strict but she has great human quality.

Apart from her work, she is studying Chinese, works out, reads, and loves the Cinema. The goal she slopes over the medium term is independence, to set up a family business.

By: Stefano D’Addosio

Interview News Observatory with Jenny Hanna, the Consul and first Secretary of the Australian Embassy in Madrid.

By Philippe Felix, student at Universidad Europea Madrid.

For the interview concerning news observatory I chose to approach the embassies of Australia and New Zealand as they are very western oriented countries on the other side of the world. After multiple requests, (As embassies are very busy) I finally got the opportunity to do my interview with Jenny Hanna Who has worked in the department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Australia for 26 years. At this moment, she works as the Consul and First Secretary at the Australian Embassy in Madrid.

Next to the fact that Australia is a very interesting country, I wanted to get some knowledge about the work of embassies, because I consider it as one of my possible future jobs, as I am studying European studies at my home university in the Netherlands. The interview gave me a good insight of the daily life at an embassy, and the tasks they need to deal with. Furthermore she advised me to open up for new things and to explore the local habits when being in an international environment.

 

Madrid- Life sometimes can take an unexpected turn, as Jenny Hanna started studying for a Bachelor of Arts majoring in Psychology, and eventually ended up as Consul and First secretary of the Australian embassy in Madrid. After completing her degree, Ms. Hanna’s plans were to complete a degree in Education to become a teacher, but she could not immediately enroll as a student, which ultimately lead to the decision to start working. After one year of working as a receptionist at a company, a chance in the form of a job as secretary in the department of foreign affairs and trade crossed her path, which she took. After joining the embassy as a desk officer, she got promoted regularly by taking certain chances and working hard. Hanna’s career has taken place in multiple regions such as Asia, the Middle east and finally Europe, which obviously provided her with a lot of experience in working with different cultures. Nowadays, her daily tasks consist of running the embassy by managing for instance the budget and the provision of consular and passport services.

Regarding hot topics in Australia, Ms. Hanna mentioned that the Australian parliament is trying to get legislation in relation to domestic political matters. Next to that, there are some troubles in the housing market, because of rising interest rates, which affects a lot of young people who want to buy their first house. Lastly, there is a lot of debate regarding the refugee policies in Australia, because of the recent increase of the quota to accommodate Syrian refugees.

According to Ms. Hanna, Australia has in comparison to Europe a way tougher policy against refugees and immigrants. As she told me she found that Europe should really consider the resources and level of continental security to take such high number of refugees as they are doing right now. Certain European countries do not take part, or just refuse to accommodate them, which puts extra pressure on countries who do perform their obligations. In conclusion to that fact she mentioned that the European Union is a great initiative, but because of the differing interests of countries problems may occur, such as the already mentioned one.

Concerning cooperation between Spain and Australia there are numerous examples. The most important one is the military cooperation between the two countries in which they exchange specific information and do certain military operations together. Next to that, multiple Spanish companies have construction projects in Australia, and Australian interns teach English in Spain. In the near future Australia and Spain want to expand their activities even further.

When it came down to the differences and similarities between Australia and Spain, she mentioned that their climates are both the same, but that there are some differences in flora and fauna. Furthermore, she found that Spanish people are easy going, but that she had some problems with the hours which people keep. (Going to bed, and time of meals)

Oncoming events of the embassy will consist of a change in a number of officers, and furthermore the appointment of a new ambassador. She said that these events obviously will have an impact on the activities of the embassy in the near future. Last but not least, Ms. Hanna said that Australia want to promote itself even more in Spain by organizing an Australian event in May 2017.’ ‘’

 

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Jenny Hanna

The Ambassador of Kenya in Spain on the development in Kenya

Since the independence from Great Britain in 1963, Kenya has been a country of great change. I got the honour of meeting the Ambassador of the Embassy of the Republic Kenya in Spain, Mr. Bramwel Waliaula Kisuya, to discuss the current situation in Kenya and his opinion about the future of the country.

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The Ambassador of Kenya in Spain, Mr. Bramwel Waliaula Kisuya

Mr. Kisuya, 57, was appointed to be the Ambassador and Head of Mission at the Kenyan Embassy of Spain in 2010. Prior to this appointment, he served as a Commissioner with the Poverty Eradication Commission of Kenya and provided consultancy services to development agencies in Kenya, Ethiopia and Lesotho. His previous work within different enterprises, has given him great experience working with various affairs at a multinational level. “I have gotten a great deal of insight about international relation, which has been useful for my work here at the embassy”, Mr Kisuya says. His work at the embassy consists of various engagements, like for example with officials of Government entities, other Embassies or connecting Spanish corporations with Kenya’s corporations.

His position as the ambassador of the Kenyan embassy demands a lot of work. Mr. Kisuya is usually up by 5 am in the morning. “With my background in the consultancy services, I’ve been used to working late and waking up early”, he says. He explains that if you work in the consultancy services, you have to deliver and fulfil the expectations of the clients whenever they require it. This implies that you are not necessarily working at the most convenient hours. However, in spite of a busy schedule, the ambassador likes to make time for a daily workout session. This physical exercise gives him energy to face the assignments and challenges he encounters at the embassy.

It has been 53 years since Kenya became independent from Great Britain, which makes it one of the oldest democracies in the African context. Consequently, Kenya enjoys a lot of respect from other neighbouring countries and also Africa in general according to the ambassador. Its strong political performance, has given the country an influential role in the African Union. “Their views are often representative for other countries in East Africa, and for that reason their opinion matters”, he says.

However, Kenya does not only have an influential position in Africa. Kenyan troops have participated in numerous UN peacekeeping missions abroad. They also participated in the UN mission in Kosovo in the 90s, which proves that Kenya’s concern goes outside the African continent as well. Today, Kenya is a key contributor in peacekeeping missions in its neighbouring countries like Somalia and South Sudan. Until recently Somalia was fragile, and the unstable situation especially affected the security and economy of Kenya. The Ambassador points out that the direct impact on Kenya was an important cause for the government to intervene, but their position and expectation as a contributor in peacekeeping missions is perhaps even more essential.

The economy of Kenya has been one of the most promising economies for the last decade. “Kenya is among the top four countries in overall political and economical performance”, the ambassador says. Currently, the country has an average of 5,6% GDP growth, and the ambassador like to see that the economy in Kenya continues to grow. When I asked him what the reason could be for this economical growth, he answered that one of the main reasons was the country’s infrastructure. Kenya has a well-developed infrastructure both physically and socially, which is a key attraction for foreign investors. For that reason, Kenya also plays a vital role as a transportation hub for much of sub-Saharan Africa and is often considered the “gateway” to East Africa.

In 2008 Kenya launched its vision that it will be one of the leading countries, both economically and politically, before 2030. This vision aims to transform Kenya into a well industrialized, middle-income country, and comprises of three key pillars: social, economic and politic. “The vision is a initiative to move Kenya towards the expectations of the population in terms of uplifting their level of standards”, the Ambassador explained. He is looking at the vision as a manageable objective and is already seeing the enhancing impacts from the government´s first actions to achieve the vision.

Finally, I asked the Ambassador how he imagined Kenya in the future. “I like to see a competitive Kenya that continues to grow and develop. A Kenya where the people can enjoy a mid-level income”, he answered. He also highlighted his wishes to see the country achieve its goals before 2030. After talking to Mr. Kisuya, I have gotten a new perspective of Kenya. Kenya is definitely an upcoming country and I hope to see it fulfil its potential in the future.


By Elise Skjelland