Why not now, Israel?

Following the American officials’ plan, John R. Allen, former American commander in Afghanistan and a retired Marine general who serves as an adviser to Secretary of John Kerry on the Middle East peace talks, will present to the Israel’s Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, ideas about security arrangements on the West Bank under a possible peace agreement with the Palestinians. This presentation is to be made on Thursday, 5.

This briefing must be provided when Mr. Kerry meets with Mr. Netanyahu, according to officials. This will be the first time that General Allen discusses his ideas that were developed after multiple trips to Israel, in consultation with officials of Israel.

“Ongoing process”: this is how State Department officials describe the security briefing.

US Marine Gen. John Allen shakes hands with US President Barack Obama at an event in the East Room of the White House, April 28, 2011. (photo by REUTERS/Larry Downing)

US Marine Gen. John Allen shakes hands with US President Barack Obama at an event in the East Room of the White House, April 28, 2011. (photo by REUTERS/Larry Downing)

Some of the ideas that General Allen will present has already been shared with Mr. Netanyahu by Mr. Kerry, according to the officials that are accompanying the secretary of state.

The chief Palestinian negotiator, Saeb Erekat, said to diplomats that they needed to put more pressure on Israel to keep on going on this project of peace, as the negotiators make baby steps toward an agreement.

According to Mr. Erekat, Israel has demolished 159 Palestinian homes, killed 23 Palestinians and hasn’t given up on constructing 5,992 new apartments in West Bank settlements.

Although, Israel has insisted that its own military retain patrols there. According to him, this way is better than rely on an international force similar to those responsible for its tense borders with Lebanon and Syria.

As Erekat said to the diplomats, the Palestinians could never accede to Israel’s demand – to recognize it as the nation-state of the Jewish people. He said:  “I cannot change my narrative. The essence of peace is not to convert each other’s stories.”

After arranging the resumption of peace talks in July, Kerry said he expected to close a deal in nine months, what means that this closure should happen in 4 months. John Kerry will probably stay in Israel until Friday, and on Thursday he’ll also meet with Mahmoud Abbas, the president of the Palestinian Authority.

“DEAL”. Submitted on Sunday 24th, 2.04 a.m.

“DEAL”. Those four letters made the difference at 2.04 a.m. Sunday at Genevra, Switzerland.  After months of diplomatic work since the election of the relative moderate Hassan Rouhani as Iranian President in June, Iran and six powerful countries of the world finally have come to an agreement.

The deal consists on Iran halting their actions to obtain nuclear weapons while those six countries (USA, Germany, France, Britain, Russia and China) will relieveNuclear deal some economical sanctions. The point is that Iran can’t have uranium enriched beyond 5%, which means that they have to dilute the 20% uranium they have. In scientific terms, that didn’t seem to be a great avance, because the most difficult thing is to enriched it to 5%, which is still allowed in this arrangement. 

Of course, apart of the peace reasons there are some business interests involve. The nuclear deal will allow the country to export more crude oil as it will make its transportation less expensive, which is interesting for both sides Iran and the global powers.

Despite almost the whole international community accepts this deal as a first step to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapons, Israel thinks that it’s a threat for them. “Israel has many friends and allies, but when they’re mistaken, it is my duty to speak out… the regime in Iran is committed to destroying Israel. And Israel has the right and the obligation to defend itself by itself from any threat.” said the Israeli Prime Minister, Binyamin Netanyahu.

“Ultimately, we understand why Israel is particularly skeptical about Iran. […] This is not simply about trusting the Iranian government. There are strict verification measures.” A senior administration official said. This governments are aware that Israel has some point of reason while being suspicious and they will be apply control measures.

The Iranian Foreign Minister, Zarif, said he hopes the nuclear agreement will lead to “concrete steps” to improve relations between Iran and Western powers.” as iranian population are taking this agreement as a huge step towards peace and open-doors.

Now we have six months of trial and during this time experts will have a exhaustive revision of the Iranian nuclear materials and processes. Despite of the fact that this while issue had been treated by some parts of the society as an Obama victory, Obama himself had said that this is just a first step in a long way that will be difficult and full of obstacles. As Bill Nelson said: “It is a choice between a pause or imminent war. I choose a verifiable pause.”

Sam Stein

Iran Nuclear Talks

Iran’s claim for nuclear power has been for very long in their interest. What is interesting to us is the evolution and their reasons for such interest, which for most of the world is for offensive means against other countries, while for some is just a way to grow and develop Iran.

For two decades Iran has been in efforts to acquire capability in building nuclear weapons. uranium enrichment, warhead design, and delivery systems are between the technologies developed by them. They depend on Tehran to make the final decision, who says that the intentions are entirely peaceful.

This kind of discussion has for long being going. Iran stated its first nuclear reactor in 1967, which was supplied by the U.S. with five-megawatt Tehran Research Reactors. In 1974 Iran establishes the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) and the construction of 23 nuclear power plants and the development of a full nuclear fuel cycle.

Afterwards, in 1984 the U.S. Department of State adds Iran to its list of state sponsors of terrorism. Examples like this show the increasing pressure on top of Iran and its attempts at production of nuclear energy.

We can say that division difference for Iran change the whole understanding about nuclear talks. This is mainly because the new government more talkative when it comes to Western relations. Even the talks about nuclear power in Geneva moving at least twice as quickly as previous talks. This situation is mainly because both Abbas Araqchi (Iran’s deputy foreign minister) and Mohammad Javad Zarif (foreign minister) can speak English fluently.

Of course some of the countries don’t back up this ‘’talks’’ between Iran and Western countries. Israel is one of them and the most rejecting state. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said he ‘’utterly rejected’’ such a deal with Iran mainly because Iran is long-time enemy of Iran. And officials suspecting that Israel may take military action to disrupt Iran’s nuclear program.

This sensitive relationship between Iran and Western countries relies on a trust between each other. Both sides need to trust each other. As EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said; “To get to a comprehensive agreement is very, very difficult with highly technical issues that have to be resolved. We are looking for a confidence-building step that will put some time on the clock,” she said. “The aim is to rebuild trust … to constrain the program and even take it back a notch.”

http://www.france24.com/en/20131109-timeline-iran-nuclear-talks-decade
http://www.armscontrol.org/factsheet/Timeline-of-Nuclear-Diplomacy-With-Iran
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-24887253
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/oct/15/geneva-iran-nuclear-talks
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-24877014
http://tehrantimes.com/component/content/article/112005
http://www.state.gov/e/eb/tfs/spi/iran/index.htm
http://www.international.gc.ca/sanctions/iran.aspx
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-15983302

Israel sigue de cerca las revueltas en Túnez

El primer ministro israelí, Benjamin Netanyahu, ha manifestado su preocupación por la inestabilidad de Oriente próximo, y teme que los disturbios producidos en Túnez puedan afectar el futuro acuerdo de paz con los palestinos.

Las masivas protestas callejeras acaecidas en Túnez durante el último mes forzaron el derrocamiento de su ya ex presidente, Zine Abidine Ben Ali, y su consiguiente huida del país el pasado viernes, poniendo fin al régimen autoritario que dirigió durante veintitrés años.

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EE.UU y los acuerdos difíciles

Aunque EE.UU ha sido insistente en el hecho de que Israel dé una oportunidad al proceso de paz propuesto por los norteamericanos, el primer ministro israelí, Benjamin Netanyahu, ha afirmado que aún no hay nada seguro, que falta la consideración de ambas partes y la aprobación final de su propio gobierno.

Según palabras del ministro: “el proceso está en período de aceptación por parte de ambos miembros (USA e Israel) y cuando esta fase esté completada, se deberá presentar ante el órgano de gobierno correspondiente (Gabinete de Seguridad Política) para su aprobación final”. El ministro también declaró que si el proceso aún no ha avanzado lo suficiente es debido a que la propuesta no tiene un “carácter final”.

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