Interview

Xiaomei Huáng is a Chinese origin journalist graduated in journalism and holder of a master’s degree in communication of organizations to which I decided to interview for this work because it cost me a lot to find someone appropriate.

+ Why did you decide to study in Spain?

  • At first I tried to access to a very good Chinese university but could not because of the vast amount of competition there. The problem there is that in a thousand requests are accepted twenty or less.
  • That’s the reason why I came here.

+ What helped with the paperwork in Spain?

  • I came with the help of anagency dedicated to helping Chinese students to come to Spain to study.
  • They solve problems as requesting an university and when you get to Spain they locates you a language center, a student’s residence and arrange your papers.

+ Why do you think there are so many Chinese people studying a master’s degree in Spain?

  • Because it is very easy to apply for the master here, they do not have manyneeds and if you come from a bad Chinese university you can do it likewise.

It is easier to access than in China.

+ Do you know other ways to come from to Spain from China to study?

  • For example bystudent exchange or for a doctorate.

+ Why did you choose to study journalism?

  • I chose it overcoat to improve the Spanish.
  • I did the communication of organizations master’s degree because when I was in the career I realized that this was the area that I liked the most.
  • I also think that today it is easier to get a job with a master’s degree than only with an university’s degree.

+ What do you do when you finish studying here?

  • I want to go back to China and work in a multinational company.

+ Does Studying in Spain increases your chances of finding work?

  • Honestly I’m not sure but I think at least I can work in a company with different

+ What would you advise a Chinese student coming to Spain?

  • Is a very a good experience and the only bad thing is that youhave to come back to China.

 

In conclusion I like to say this cost me a lot becouse I couldn’t find any appropiate person for the interview and the person I have found couldn’t answer me more questions. I would have liked to make a more interesting and a bigger interview but this is the best I could find.

 

Interview realized by Carlos Diez Fortes

China’s one-child policy has come to an end but it is debatable whether it will reshape the demographics

During the last week China has made a big decision by abolishing one of the most controversial law in China called “One child policy”.

China has decided on 29 of October to end-up with the one child policy Xinhua news agencies reported. It is well known to everyone that China has had a one-child policy since the 1980’s. Such regulation was forced upon the citizens in order to control the growth of the population below 1.2 billion and in order to abolish famine.

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Source: Architect T@work China

Data from the United Nations shows that population growth, has gone from about 15 per 1,000 people in 1980 to below 5.5 per 1,000 people todayFurthermore, the one-child policy is that it has led to a substantial gender imbalance in China. UN data reveals that there are currently 106 males for every 100 females in China – above the world total for the same measure (102) and well above nearly every other country in the world

While, to some extent, the communist parties decision to enforce such laws did make sense at the time, it did not change the fact that it restricted their fundamental rights to make their own decision. Furthermore, there were few cases reported where the women, in the most obvious way were tortured. For example, a 23-year old woman was forced to make abortion while being 7 months pregnant. While the involved parties were punished for their crime, it did not make the actual issue to disappear. That is, that such policy is extremely outdated, goes beyond the human rights and generates issues regarding the demographics of China.

In reality, the fertility rate has gone so low that the government of China has decided to abandon the one-child policy because it has affected the China’s economic growth to the point it has become immobile.

Captura de pantalla 2015-11-03 a las 10.41.39

However, even if the couples now are allowed to have two children, it seems unlikely there will be ‘’baby-boom’’ simply because it is expensive to raise a child in China. The reasoning behind this is that the cost of the maintenance of one child is more expensive than 35 years ago, as well as, the currency. If the currency is compared with the one 5 years ago, it can be seen that  the yuan currency is worth less in euros. For example, 100 yuan was worth 10 euros but now it is worth only 6.5€.

Another reason is the fact that nowadays families don’t have enough time to raise children. As Mrs Xia who works for US firm GE Healthcare stated :

 “We would need to spend a lot of time on another baby, and I don’t think I have this kind of patience anymore“.

The society in general is more fixed on their quality of life and the fact that the cities are overcrowded and polluted does have an impact on making the decision.

Will this “new” friendship improve China´s economic situation?

The China’s president Xi Jinping arrived on 19th of October at Heathrow Airport in London for a four day visit to uphold their economic situation and to establish bilateral relations between China and the United Kingdom.
Source en.people. com

Source: en.people.com

It is the first time the president of China is visiting Britain since 2005 when Hu Jintao, the previous Chinese head of state, attended the Britain. However, Hu Jintao visit was met with such strident strikes, that it seems he swore off from the UK. Nevertheless, the Xi Jinping seems to have broken the silence between both nations and is trying to affirm a friendship with the UK in order to benefit the China’s economy and growth.

As we all are aware China hold great power when it comes to economy and trading business. This being said, it does not mean that China has not met its’ own downfall. According to BBC news, China’s economic growth has slowed down to 6.9 %. This evidently explains why on the 21st of October China signed multi-billion pound business deal with Britain.

Indicating the China’s need for establishing new connections because through such action their own population will uphold its’ power and even enhance it. And, of course, improve their statistics and lead them on reaching their own announced target.
It goes without the saying that the Britain’s representatives are not aware of this. Even the Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond stated that ‘’ it’s very much in our national interest to engage with China but we do so with our eyes wide open,” and that they are planning on‘’ developing a mature relationship with the Chinese and that they know that we are looking not just to China but to many other countries for infrastructure investment in the UK.’

Furthermore, others experts from Chinese government said that China will grow 6.9 %this year even if it will have it´s own ´´ups and downs´´. The reason why is this happening is that some companies and individuals have failed investing in China´s economy, the Shanghai Securities News reported.

To achieve these aims, China and Britain is following a specific schedule:

Source The guardian

Source: The guardian

Tuesday 20 October

During the morning, The Prince Charles and Duchess of Cornwall have planned to greet them, after they will proceed to go to Buckingham Palace and at the same time, it will hold a protest because of the violation of human rights. Formerly, he will meet Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour leader to discuss about it. At late night, it will host by The Queen a banquet with some others illustrious people.

Wednesday 21 October

During the morning, Xi Jinping is scheduled to visit the Imperial College of London with the chancellor of UK and the Prince Andrew.

Afterwards, Xi will meet William and Kate to celebrate the partnership of this two nations, and at the afternoon, The President of China will be attending at the UK-China business summit that it will be focus on investment, infrastructure and innovation.

Finally, at the end of the day, Xi will visit Huawei Technologies followed by a banquet hosted by the Lord Mayor.

Thursday 22 October

During the following day, Xi will received a formal farewell from The Queen and Philip at Buckingham Palace. Later, he will visit a British satellite telecommunications company called Inmarsat following with a conference of the Confucius Institute done by University College London’s Institute of Education. Conclusively, they will attend a formal dinner with David Cameron and his wife before flying to Manchester City.

Friday 23 October

On his final day of state visit, Xi is scheduled to visit the Manchester City’s stadium with the company of the prime minister, this visit is going to be followed by a lunch at the Manchester town hall hosted by prestigious business representatives and the Mayor of Manchester. Afterwards, both leaders will attend an event at Manchester airport before the departure of the first Lady and president of China.

A SECOND LIFE FOR MEI LING LI

By TIMEA ESCOBAR OLLIVIER  JUNE 23, 2015

Mei Ling Li and her familly in front of the buffet of her restaurant

Mei Ling Li and her familly in front of the buffet of her restaurant

“I realize how lucky I’ve had in my life”

Mei Ling is a 25 year old immigrant originally from a modest village in southern China. Today she works in her restaurant, an Asian buffet in Madrid.

Mei Ling was born and raised in China with her four sisters and two parents in a house without running water or electricity. His father was a laborer and his mother a seamstress, allowing them to keep the family earning about $ 200 a month working 14 hours a day. He also had the good fortune to go to school and was among the best in class, she leaved school at 15. On leaving school Mei Ling helped at home, took care of her sisters and sometimes helped her mother in the sewing workshop when she was too tired. Despite the quiet life they had, Mei Ling wanted a better life, “I want to have my own room and not have to go to a well to drink.”

One day, his father suffered an accident at work and was fired. The situation of her familly was aggravating. Beeing 18 years, Mei Ling decided to leave home and go to look for work in Europe, as it was common thing in his province, and knew a family that was living in Madrid. Her parents had never left the village and were against, until the economic situation worsened, the family saw that  they didn’t have no choice. “I promised I would send them money every month and save for them to come.” They asked for some money to all residents and used their savings to pay for the trip, that was very long and tiring in bus as it came in. Upon arrival, he settled on the floor that had the family she knew in the outskirts of Madrid, and began working as a waitress in the restaurant where they working aswell. Quickly, the restaurant boss noticed that Mei Ling had potential. When the boss opened another restaurant, he appointed her as manager, earning enough to save money in addition to monthly send money to their parents. “Every month when I called my parents were very grateful for the efforts they made and they were very proud.”

After three years, Mei Ling could pay bus tickets to his parents and sisters and rent a small apartment on the outskirts. All family members except the youngest started working in the restaurant. They were happy to be finally reunited after three years of separation. “Being together maked us stronger.” And saving money, the family was able to open his own restaurant buffet with the family that helped Mei Ling. Today, the restaurant works well, and the youngest of the family goes to school. Mei Ling has her own room and bathroom “I am now happy with my family,” she smiles. I ask if she intends to return to China with the money she earned to make her business there, but she’s formal, not return, her life is here now, she has found a boyfriend, and friends. His parents think to return for their retirement,  because they have not been able to adapt just as well as their daughters.

This model of social promotion is common in Europe, most immigrants arrive young and save to send money to their parents or let them come, because they know that even if it’s hard and dangerous, the second life that offers immigration is not rejectable. Asians are the most who follow this familiar pattern, and you can check by the amount of Asian restaurants that are in all the cities of rich countries.

An Unlikely Alliance

Since the end of the Soviet Union, Russia has been a country wanting to regain power. With President Vladimir Putin leading the Russian campaign, many expected a continual growth, what they did not expect were the relations formed with their once enemy China.

For many years the two communist countries had an alliance, though it continued to break down. It was during Richards Nixon’s visit to China in 1972 that relationships were frayed. Since then China has began to prosper, with a constantly growing economy, to create the Confucian academies around the globe to promote their culture and using soft power to their advantage. However Russia has pulled further away from the EU, due to sanctions on trade related to the annexation of Crimea. The further Russia has moved from the EU though; they have formed closer ties with China.

On May 8th, 2015, the relations between China and Russia came to a diplomatic victory when President Putin and Xi Jinping met, commemorating the 70 years anniversary of the end of WWII and the surrender of the Nazism regime in Moscow. Important economic meetings where held hoping to join the two countries, by forming a “joint investment bank”.

Sin título

The meeting became a success for both countries as they signed 32 agreements, including the financing of a new project of train in Russia. They also will be working with Byelorussia and Kazakhstan to promote the EAEU -the Eurasian Economic Union-.

This was not the first deal to be signed by the two countries as recently China and Russia agreed upon a $400 billion contract for gas, as well as several new agricultural business ventures in the Chinese region of Heilongjiang, which is in the northernmost part of the country.

The meeting coincides with the publication of the text of Fidel Castro “Our right to be Marxist-Leninists” where he talked about the Sino-Russian relations:

“With their close cooperation, modern science and powerful armies and brave soldiers, they constitute a powerful shield of world peace and security, so that the life of our species may be preserved”

Russia and China are more likely to become allies since they have been supporting each other for a long time. As Xi Jinping stated “decades ago, the Chinese and Russian nations shared weal and woe and forged an unbreakable war friendship with fresh blood,” he wrote. “Today, the two peoples will jointly move forward, safeguarding peace and promoting development […]” However, Russia has four myths which act as a handicap to drive the alliance process further. These myths are:

  • China is growing and developing at a constant and continuous speed
  • Several Chinese citizens will migrate to Siberia since both countries share a huge border
  • If they finally agree to become allies Russia’s main concern is about becoming too close to China that ends up depending on it, specially on economic means
  • They are both big countries and are worried about the security of the country, which causes mistrust between the countries they share borders with and is probably the basis of all the reasons why China and Russia haven’t become allies yet

SOMETHING IS HAPPENING IN CHINA’S SEA


Talking about the conflict between China and Japan means directly thinking about the Senkaku-Diaoyu conflict. Senkaku-Diaoyu Islands are apparently a set of five uninhabited Islands and two reefs. However, to be located within the Eastern China’s Sea means not only a military and security geostrategic point, but also to be bordered by a rich fishing potential. This facts aroused the interest of several countries over the Islands such as the both aforementioned or even Taiwán.

This interest overSenkaku-Diaoyu turned even more important after the United Nations speculations (1968) about the oilfields located within them. Even, destabilizing Sino – Japanese relations.

Nowadays, there is no clear holder of the Islands. But then, we will see the justification of both parties.

In one hand, China considers Diaoyu Islands as part of their territory since ancient times and they base this position on historical evidence and legal basis.

We are strongly committed to safeguarding the country’s sovereignty and security, and defending our territorial integrityChinese president Xi Jinping

China argues that the historical evidence indicates that they not only discovered, but also named and explored this group of islands before the 15th century.

On the other hand, Japan suggests that according not only to International Law, but to historical facts, there is no doubt that the Senkaku Islands are clearly an integral territory of the Japanese country. The arguments are based on the fact that the Islands were not included within the territory that Japan renounced under art. 2 of the San Francisco Treaty –it legally defined the territory of Japan after the 2nd World War.

Due to that fact, Japan decided to inspect the Islands and declared them “terra nullius” (land belonging to nobody). according to the accurate procedure. Thus, Japan recognized sovereignty over the Islands exercising the effectiveness control over them.

It all seems to be an overlap of sovereignty. How could it be solved? Obviously, the best way to resolve any international conflict in a peaceful manner is by the ruling of the International Court of Justice and under International Law. Even more, when there is an undisputed existing economic interdependence among interested parties that would be unconditionally affected by an armed conflict.

However, China does not want to lead the case to a Court. It sounds weird, isn’t it? Also is extremely curious that China wants to solve the dispute throughout a diplomatic way. Probably the country thinks that an international ruling would go against their sovereignty justification. On the contrary, Japan doesn’t want to attend to an International Court because the country believes that there is no existing conflict.

Thus, according to the principles of corpus occupandi and animus occupandi of International Law, the country which has demonstrated the intention of occupying effectively the island, in this case Japan, has enough evidence to proclaim sovereignty over the Senkaku-Diaoyu Islands. Adding this to the previous rulings of the International Court of Justice over similar cases, we can conclude saying that the ownership of this islands belongs to Japan.

Japan approves its largest defense budget in response to China’s strength

Japanese Government approved the largest defense budget in their history in response to the rise of Chinese military power.

Japanese Self Defense Force destroyer

Japanese Self Defense Force destroyer. Source: The Telegraph

Last Wednesday, 4th of February, it was approved by the Japanese Government the largest defense budget in Japan’s history.

The Japanese Government is going to spend 4,98 billion yen -36.000 million euros- in its defense budget, 2’98% more than last year. This would help Japan to reach position eighth of the world’s biggest defense spending country.

This is the third consecutive year in which the Japanese Government has increased its defense budget. However, this growth is still waiting for the approval of the Japanese Parliament. If this budget is approved, it will represent 5% of the national budget (2015).

The aim of this incensement of the defense budget is to strengthen aerial and maritime surveillance. They want to buy aerial surveillance aircraft and fighter jets to help the alertness system in some specific places of the country.

The Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs said that it is going to be useful for Japan as it is going to be seen as a force of peace and stability in East Asia.

The Japanese constitution was born after the Second World War when the Allied forces occupied Japan. They considered that the new constitution should not let Japan have a military force to avoid any chance for this country to enter again into a war. This mandate can be seen in Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution of 1947, where it prohibits Japan to enter into a war and to maintain war potential, even though it does not specifically forbid self-defense military capability.

The policy of demilitarization of Japan changed when, for the sake of peacekeeping of the international community, it was allowed to increase its military potential only for self-defense purposes.

Article 9 has been very popular since the end of the Second World War, but it was not until recently that Japan has begun to take its security more seriously.

Japan’s rearmament is just a decision to face what the country believes that belong to them. In an Asian context: China is modernizing its navy and acting with growing assertiveness within territorial disputes –most of them tense relations within the China Sea- as well as challenging U.S. military access to Asia. Similarly, Vietnam and Indonesia are constantly growing.

Because of all that facts, Japan is just responding to Chinese behavior.

As a last issue, mention that China should rethink their own steps in order to contain not only India, Vietnam and US through the pearl necklace, but also to Japan itself.