Nagorno-Karabakh: The world silently watches as Azerbaijan and Armenia resume fighting


Once again conflicts ensued between Armenia and Azerbaijan, two historical enemies lying in the Caucasus region on Europe’s border with Asia. Russia plays a key role in the conflict too.

Authors: Suzanne Vink, Derek Julian Weyrather,

Paloma Álvarez, Raquel Envó,Alba Montoya


Location of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh within the Caucasus region. (Source: Eyes on Europe & Middle East News)

Stepanakert – The so-called “frozen conflict” over the Nagorno-Karabakh (NK) region between Azerbaijan and Armenia started again in early April of 2016, the Azeri military intervened in Nagorno-Karabakh, killing several ethnic Armenians.

However, the conflict is not one sided, and victims are falling on both sides. Politico reports 18 Armenian soldiers have died in the current conflict, while at the same time 12 Azeri soldiers found the same fate. Moreover, the use of tanks, helicopters, artillery and grenade launchers show the conflict is getting serious.  Over the past two decades, about 300.000 Armenians had to leave their homes in Azerbaijan (of which 30.000 settled in NK). On the other side, there are 800.000 Azerbaijani people displaced, of whom 200.000 have fled from Armenia and 600.000 from the conflict zone.

Not unexpectedly, Russia plays a key role in this conflict. Not only is the world’s largest country busy fighting a war in Ukraine, it has also supplied both sides, Armenia and Azerbaijan with weapons. Nevertheless, on 3. April 2016 Russia’s president, Vladimir Putin, called for an immediate ceasefire between the two former Soviet republics.

Russia’s call for a ceasefire is the response to diplomatic interest in the Caucasus region. While relations with Georgia have been strained since Russia’s invasion of the country in 2009, Azerbaijan and Armenia do enjoy good relations with the large Slavic nation. While Russia uses the conflict in Ukraine as an opportunity to stop gas supplies to Europe, the European Union has set an eye on the Caucasus countries, which lie in an energy-rich region, in order to diversify gas supplies from Russia.

In the meantime, Turkey is backing Azerbaijan. This is a sensitive issue, considering the fact that the Turkish government still has not recognized the genocide of 1.5 million Armenians in 1915. Recently there have been worldwide protests towards the Turkish government, as it is the 101st anniversary of the genocide.

Azerbaijan and Armenia distrust each other, respectively. According to a census published in the Caucasus Analytical Digest (CAD) (a monthly publication composed of statistics of all types regarding the Caucasus region), 63% of Armenians saw Azerbaijan as Armenia’s biggest enemy in 2012. 32% of Armenians stated Turkey as such. Simultaneously, 91% of Azeris stated to see Armenia as Azerbaijan’s biggest enemy.

Screen Shot 2016-04-27 at 15.15.45Screen Shot 2016-04-28 at 22.11.13

(Graph Sources: Caucasus Analytical Digest (CAD))

Already in August 2014, Azerbaijan’s president, Ilham Aliyev, threatened Armenia with war via twitter, further increasing the tension between the two countries.

Ilham Aliyev threatens Armenia with war via Twitter

(Image source: Ilham Aliyev Twitter)

Furthermore, since Azerbaijan’s has mainly a Muslim population, the Islamic world has severed ties with Armenia. Especially Pakistan, who even withdrew recognition of the Republic of Armenia as a state, also breaking off diplomatic relations.

On the other hand, Federica Mogherini, the High Representative of the European External Action Service (EEAS), called for an immediate ceasefire, stating that: “We expect both sides to respect strictly the ceasefire, refrain from the use of force and resume efforts towards a peaceful resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.”

The peace pursuit

Iván Trujillo
The Peace Pursuit
Iván was the best student in all of his studies since school to college, now he is working on the Colombia’s embassy in Washington, with a BA in political sciences, now is one of the youngest person working for a foreign affairs office in his country. Now and after 3 years working beyond the borders of his country is time to ask him something about the Colombian peace process.

230117_10152245366300627_1897364452_nAnd the first question could not have been other that why after 50 years the peace does not come to the Colombian people a question that concerned all the Colombian population, but as Ivan said peace did not come until nowadays because: “The conflict had not reached a point where the parties have objective reasons to find a solution of a negotiated peace with each other, in the case of government and the FARC.”

In spite of have already passed some presidents but the current has something that the people trust, things like:“The government has acted with absolute prudence and thoroughness in each approach, conversation and peace negotiations with the FARC.” At majority of documents and interviews people just heard about the FARC like if this was the only armed group in Colombia or if only finishing with this group the peace could come but its more than that:“Peace is not to end an armed group. Peace, rather than defeating the enemy in a conflict is to build the guarantees that in the future there are no enemies in conflict.’’ a very interesting point of view in compare with the idea of the former president Alvaro Uribe Velez who thought that the direct confrontation acts against FARC will be the way but he did not regarded that “military victory occurs when you can change the enemies’ will of fight and their attitude of want to have in war things, things that they should have in politics’’

A good part of the Colombian population are skeptical about the success of the peace progress, is pretty hard to not take in account that is not going to be easy get a natural transition between violence and peace, many generations grew with this conflict in their life but like all the process, needs time because: “peace will be a collective learning for all of us. It’s not something that you are prepared; it is something you crave because you have not experienced before. Depends on ourselves discover that answer.”

all the conflicts around the world always have a winer and a loser but not only on the battlefield can win or lose, are many external actors and not all are agree with the end of the conflict: the gun dealers, the drug dealers, in this case in particular the drugs traffic are one of the most important issue becoming in “the main fuel of the conflict” but also can appear internal factors like conflict of interest among the political parties of the country high levels of corruption but “its a risk in all peace process”

At the end like always in a conversation between Colombian people can feel a strange atmosphere of hope, thinking that some day “the peace will come for us and for our children”

Juan manuel Trujillo


Talking about the conflict between China and Japan means directly thinking about the Senkaku-Diaoyu conflict. Senkaku-Diaoyu Islands are apparently a set of five uninhabited Islands and two reefs. However, to be located within the Eastern China’s Sea means not only a military and security geostrategic point, but also to be bordered by a rich fishing potential. This facts aroused the interest of several countries over the Islands such as the both aforementioned or even Taiwán.

This interest overSenkaku-Diaoyu turned even more important after the United Nations speculations (1968) about the oilfields located within them. Even, destabilizing Sino – Japanese relations.

Nowadays, there is no clear holder of the Islands. But then, we will see the justification of both parties.

In one hand, China considers Diaoyu Islands as part of their territory since ancient times and they base this position on historical evidence and legal basis.

We are strongly committed to safeguarding the country’s sovereignty and security, and defending our territorial integrityChinese president Xi Jinping

China argues that the historical evidence indicates that they not only discovered, but also named and explored this group of islands before the 15th century.

On the other hand, Japan suggests that according not only to International Law, but to historical facts, there is no doubt that the Senkaku Islands are clearly an integral territory of the Japanese country. The arguments are based on the fact that the Islands were not included within the territory that Japan renounced under art. 2 of the San Francisco Treaty –it legally defined the territory of Japan after the 2nd World War.

Due to that fact, Japan decided to inspect the Islands and declared them “terra nullius” (land belonging to nobody). according to the accurate procedure. Thus, Japan recognized sovereignty over the Islands exercising the effectiveness control over them.

It all seems to be an overlap of sovereignty. How could it be solved? Obviously, the best way to resolve any international conflict in a peaceful manner is by the ruling of the International Court of Justice and under International Law. Even more, when there is an undisputed existing economic interdependence among interested parties that would be unconditionally affected by an armed conflict.

However, China does not want to lead the case to a Court. It sounds weird, isn’t it? Also is extremely curious that China wants to solve the dispute throughout a diplomatic way. Probably the country thinks that an international ruling would go against their sovereignty justification. On the contrary, Japan doesn’t want to attend to an International Court because the country believes that there is no existing conflict.

Thus, according to the principles of corpus occupandi and animus occupandi of International Law, the country which has demonstrated the intention of occupying effectively the island, in this case Japan, has enough evidence to proclaim sovereignty over the Senkaku-Diaoyu Islands. Adding this to the previous rulings of the International Court of Justice over similar cases, we can conclude saying that the ownership of this islands belongs to Japan.

Interview with Mr. Musa Amer Odeh, the chief of the diplomatic mission of Palestine in Spain.

Mr. Musa Amer Odeh is the ambassador of Palestine in Spain; he has been Palestinian ambassador in many other places, such as Nicaragua, Brazil or Philippines. He was born on Doura-Hebron the 20th January 1947 and had studied in Jordan and Syria. He can speak Arab, English and Portuguese. This interview was made the morning of 10th May 2012 on the Palestinian Embassy in Madrid.

I decided to sent an e-mail to the Palestinian embassy in Madrid to arrange an interview because I am very interested on this issue; they answer me fastly and they offer me the great opportunity to interview the ambassador who answer all my questions without fear. He explains me the conflict and the situation in which are living most of the Palestinians but he also told me some anecdotes which help us to put a human face on that conflict that last too much time and that sometimes seems far away from us.Image

Víctor Corvera Descalzo: How would you understand the possible influence of the recent revolutions of the Arab World, the Arab spring, can have on the geopolitical situation on Middle East?

Musa Amer Odeh: Sure, we are part of the region and everything that happen will affect our situation but why the Arabs are moving for democracy is for the benefit of our people to have a democratic system in the Arab world. We used to receive support form regimes controlled by one person or a group of people, now we will have a democratic regime of Arab people, and those will support a lot to Palestine; so we are not afraid about what is happening in the Arab world, but Israel is unfortunately till now not treating correctly this, it is a deep change, an important one and there is an opportunity that Israel is loosing to have peace with us, because we are their neighbours, they are our neighbours and we must find how to live together they on their state we on our state, but the main question is that the occupation must finish, must have an end to be equal state-to-state.

Víctor Corvera Descalzo: About the situation on Gaza par example, is there any influence of those revolutions? Because it’s in the border with Egypt.

Musa Amer Odeh: Ehm… no, we have an internal in Palestine because we are divided. People in Gaza under the control of Hamas and people in the West Bank under the control of the PLO, but we are in are having now reconciliation between Hamas and the PLO, in order to be united to archive peace in our region. About the changes in Egypt we must understand those changes serve also the interest of Palestinian people.

Víctor Corvera Descalzo: Turkey had suspended their military treaties with Israel because of the incident of the attack against the “Freedom fleet” that carry humanitarian help to Gaza on 2010 and the overthrow of leaders as the Egypt’s one, Mubarak. Had suppose that Israel is waging more “aggressive” and less permissive politics against Palestinian population, per example the recent order to build new settlements on West Bank?

Musa Amer Odeh: Well, I think that Israel is responsible of loosing an allied like Turkey, which is an important allied in the zone, a very important Muslim country; but they are also loosing also Egypt because of their wrong policy. You can not be a continued occupying power an to look for normal relations with your neighbours. The leaders ofIsrael must realise that the interest ofIsrael remains on maintain peace with the Palestinians and with the Arabs, unfortunately they don’t. They have the military power, they have the support from the USA and they can’t continue like this. So for us Israel is not a democracy, because we understand that democratic countries can not controlle the lives of another people, confiscate the rights of another people. Second we think that they are not a democratic country because there is a discrimination against the Arab, that are 20% of their citizens. There is discrimination; you can go to the report of the European Council Generals in Jerusalem where they have a report of this year about the discriminations of Arabs inIsrael. And we must also remember thatIsrael is the only nuclear power in the zone, which attempts against stability in the region. Now they are calling all countries to wage a war against Iran whom they don’t have yet nuclear weapons, Israel already had them. So I don’t know how they understand that they have the right to have Nuclear Weapons and Arabs don’t have it. For us, Palestinians, we are in favour of a Middle East clear of Nuclear Weapons. We don’t want Israel to have nuclear weapons, we don’t want Iran to have Nuclear Weapons, we don’t want any country to have Nuclear Weapons. We need Middle East clean of Nuclear Weapons.

Víctor Corvera Descalzo: About the international recognition, after the entry of Palestine as a member of UNESCO the last year, 2011. What will be the next step to follow?

Musa Amer Odeh: We had our application for a UN member in the Security Council, because it need to pass through this. In the Security Council, the five permanents members have right of veto and the USA till now they don’t want us to be member of the UN, violating their own principals regarding the right of self-determination for people like the Palestinian people.

Now, we are planning to go to the UN again, to the General Assembly where there is no veto for anyone. So we can got a number of states as the Vatican now or Switzerland ten years ago, and we will continue asking as a full-membership in the UN based on the rules of the rules of UN. It’s our goal to be free and to end wit the exile and the occupation. Unfortunately Israel claims that we are trying to delegitimize Israel, which is not true, we only try to delegitimize the occupation of Israel. Because we are willing to live with Israel side by side, they in their state, we in our state.

They said that it’s an unilateral state by the Palestinians, it’s not unilateral to go to address 193 countries in the UN. The unilateral thing is the Israeli policy, building settlements in our territory, building walls in the heart of our territory, confiscating lands n our territories and making Jerusalem a Jewish city which is not, because it had the three religions (Christians, Muslims and Jewish). It can’t be a Jewish city, it’s a multi-religion city.

So the Israelis don’t want us to fight for our rights, they don’t want us to go to the UN, they don’t want us to go to the UNESCO. What is the danger against Israel when we got a membership in the UNESCO? UNESCO is for culture, is a peaceful organization of the UN. Israelis don’t want any kind of identity for Palestinians, but there is a determination from the Palestinian side to continue our struggle, a peaceful struggle, to have our rights, to have our independence, to establish an independent Palestinian state because when the UN decided to divide Palestine into two states in 1947 with the resolution 181. They had planed two states Israel with the 56% of this territory and the State of Palestine which had the 44% of the territory, but in 1948 Israelis they established a state on the 78% of the territory, so they occupied from the beginning half of the area which was kept for us from the UN. And now they are not willing to keep us the rest which is 22%, they don’t want because they are building settlements, they are building walls and they are confiscating our water. They are controlling 84% of our water and they are selling us our water at the highest price of water on Earth. We are buying our water, so it’s unfair. And there is a responsibility for the international community to put an end for this unfair situation in the Holy Land.

We, Palestinians, deserve to be free, we had the highest level of education in our region, so we are qualified to have a modern state, a democratic one and to participate on building the future on the coming generations.

The occupation is a problem for Palestinians to build their economy and to build their future, cause if we want to export or import anything we need the permission ofIsrael. Our President, elected for the people, if he wants to move for city to city in Palestinehe needs the permission of Israelis. It’s not fair and it’s inhuman, and it’s a humiliation for our people.

And in the occupied territories which are so small, around 5.000 km2, there are more than 600 military checkpoints, in the heart of our territory, not in the borders between us and Israel, between the Palestinian cities and it made the live of Palestinians a hell.

It’s not easy for you, Europeans, imagine the suffering of the Palestinian people under the occupation; can you imagine that a pregnant woman come form a village to the hospital in the city, they stopped her on the check point for one hour, two hours… so more than ninety times they deliver their babies on the military checkpoints, because they were not allowed to go to the hospital. And imagine that Palestine is like Spain, in winter is very cold, low cero sometimes, and in summer is hot; imagine a lady put deliver her baby on the Israeli check point in front of hundreds of people waiting to pass. Many times ladies die or their babies die. What kind of danger for Israel’s security can be a pregnant woman bleeding? It’s only a humiliation for our people, we will never accept this, and we will continue our struggle, peaceful struggle, to achieve our goal which is peace, the greatest goal on Earth. To reach our objective we need the support of the International Community, to reach justice and peace, but not only for our people, also for our neighbours, including the Israelis, and for the humanity at large.

We need our rights, we are the last country under occupation and this occupation must have an end.

Víctor Corvera Descalzo: Knowing the position of the US of America about the entry of Palestine on the UNESCO, they are against the participation of Palestine on the UN’s institutions. What strategies do you consider corrects to avoid a possible veto on the Security Council of the UN?

Musa Amer Odeh: Why? We can ask ourselves: Why are they opposing the rights of Palestinians to be members of the UNESCO? We have historic places for the humanity and they need the protection of the UN. Why any other country have the right to be a state and Palestine don’t have? Why the USA have the right to be a member of the UNESCO and Palestine don’t have? The USA only have 300 years and we have more than 10000 years, we have Jericho which birth last year 10000 years of habited live, the most ancient city on Earth in Palestine.

So why? Why are they opposing? Why are they punishing the people? Why are the punishing the UNESCO, because the had cut their money to the UNESCO? Because Palestine became a member, not through a war, through voting, in a democratic way.

Why if they believe in democracy are they opposing democracy here? The UNESCO voted for our membership. So it’s very strange, I know that if there are elections on the USA they hesitate to take any action that the Israelis wouldn’t accept, because there is an Israeli lobby, a very strong one, and the candidates looks for the votes and the money of this lobby, but we don’t have any kind of interest to confront the US, they are a superpower and we are a small country, we are just looking for our freedom, but we will not accept their double-standard policy about Palestine.

Imagine, If China violate, according the understanding of the USA, the right of one citizen; they immediately create a cause against China, a great cause. But when the came to Israel which is violating our simple rights, they don’t do anything. They are protecting the occupation, the Israeli aggression. They are violating their own principles.

Self-determination is a fundamental right for the people, and they are excluding us, we suppose to be part of the international community and self-determination must work on the Palestinian quiz. So they should let us to decide, and to the International Community to decide, not using the veto. It’s not fair. And also they have the responsibility to take care about stability and peace on the world as a superpower, and in this case they are against this principal, unfortunately.

Víctor Corvera Descalzo: Since some years ago, an International campaign against Israel had been waged because of different politics that there are developing on the zone, as the building of a wall in the West Bank and the construction of new settlements of that zone. The great controversy generated by those issues hadn’t archive to stop any of the measures, although they suppose a violation of the “Route Sheet”). Why all that international pressure couldn’t change the things?

Musa Amer Odeh: Well, they had the right to build the wall around the West Bank if they want, although we don’t need walls we need bridges; but they are building it in the heart of the West Bank, on the goal on confiscating more land and to confiscate all Palestinian water sources, as I said we buy our water from the Israelis at the highest price on Earth. So the international community agree with us, they support us, but unfortunately we had the veto of the USA against us and it made the things so difficult for us.

Víctor Corvera Descalzo:  Nowadays the Palestinian political prisoners are waging a hunger strike. What is the position of the National Palestinian Authority (NPA) about that?

Musa Amer Odeh: Well, It’s our duty to protect the rights of Palestinians, because the Israelis putting those people on jail, they are violating the UN’s resolutions and the UN Charter because you can put anyone in jail for ten years without accusing me of something; this is happening now in Palestine, and it’s a violation of our rights. Israel is the only country where the torture is legalized,Israel had passed in their parliament many laws in the last years which discriminate the Arabs inside Israel, I don’t know how the International Community allows this to happen. It’s a shame that they allow it to happen, becauseIsrael still the only country about the rule, by the protection of a superpower. Par example when Iraq occupy Kuwait, theUSA send their troops with the International Community to liberate Kuwait from Iraq, and then some years later the create another war against Iraq because they said that there were Weapons of Massive Destruction in Iraq. In the case of Israel, Israel is occupying Palestine for 64 years and Israel had nuclear weapons since 1956; we are not asking none about create a war against Israel but we want to ask Israel to comply and to respect the UN’s resolutions and if the don’t do it the International Community must take measures, they can put restrictions to their economy as the International Community had done to the apartheid regime of South Africa before, no one send the troops to South Africa, but thanks to the solidarity of the International Community and the struggle of the South African people, the apartheid collapse, and the apartheid Israeli regime must collapse too.

So for us there is nothing against the creation ofIsrael, we already recognize them as a State but at the same time we want to be members of the UN, we want to be free of the Israeli occupation

Víctor Corvera Descalzo: Do you know the opinion of the Arab-Israeli parties with representation on the Israeli parliament (Knesset) (T’Al, Hadash y Balad) about this hunger strike?

Musa Amer Odeh: There are 20% of the population of Israel, and nowadays Israel don’t accept them, because Israel came to them, they are the indigenous people of Palestine. They have their representatives in the parliament but also the representatives are discriminated. If you see the Arab areas of Israel you will see that the development in the Arab zones and in the Jewish zones is very different, both pay the same taxes but Arabs had fewer services than Israelis.

Let’s put an example, the city of Nazareth, there are hundreds of Palestinians there, and the Israelis ha created “High Nazareth”, a new one; and you can see the differences, you can see which settlement is supported by the government and which not although the Arabs pay taxes like the others. It’s also easy to see the difference between West and East Jerusalem, although it violates some UN’s resolutions, it’s like East Berlin and West Berlin years ago. But the Israelis had annex Jerusalem to Israel violating the international rules but they still treating the East part like a part of the third world. So this is a huge discrimination, discrimination sometimes by law, I don’t know how the international community can accept this; only Israel impose this measures and they have a very important lobby in the USA. Some European Countries they believe the story because the have a dark history with the Jewish people in Europe, so the Arabs inside Israel, they suffer discrimination. You can see that there is democracy and that they are in the parliament; ok… they are in the parliament because they have the right to be there but it’s not from the Israelis kindness, it’s because they are citizens and Israel must be a State for all citizens, not only for the Jewish, for all, Greeks and Muslims too, but nowadays it’s not like that, Muslims are discriminated about the jobs and also in the University, but there is even discrimination between the Jewish. It’s unfair, and we are on the XXI century.


Madrid, 10th May 2012

Israel loses friends in East Asia

The state Egyptian natural gas company EGAS has cancelled gas supplies to Israel, acting thus in discordance to the 2005 political agreement signed between Egypt and Israel. Why is Egypt isolating Israel?

 Israel has lost a big quantity of gas supplies owe to that the East Mediterranean Gas just broke an agreement, made in 2005, regarding this issue. That year the EMG signed a deal with IEC –Israel Electric Corporation– of 2.500 million dollars (about 1.891 million Euros), in which Cairo promised to give 7.000 million cubic meter of Egyptian gas to the Israeli market, representing natural gas supply for 15 years, with changes accepted.

The news on this split-up gas supply has dropped as a bomb on Israeli news agencies. Several Israeli analysts consider that this cut of energy supply is due to an Egyptian political and economic instability.

Some Israeli politicians express a “defensive” point of view with the purpose of calming the world’s audience, fearing of further disputes between the two countries: “The unilateral cancellation of the agreement is not a good sign. And we hope that this dispute is resolved like any other commercial disputes, without having a political consequences” said the Foreign Affairs Minister Avigdor Lieberman during his visit in Azerbaijan. This argument is echoed by Israeli prime minister, who states that this is a commercial matter, as well as by the chairman of Egyptian company EGAS, Mohamed Shoeib: “It is a trade dispute not a political issue”. But how can we know that this issue is kept only under commercial terms?

There have been numerous sabotages and attacks, more precisely 14, in the last year. Attacks directed at the pipelines from Egypt to Israel by protest groups, which demonstrated against a supposed Israeli “political marginalization”. The head of the Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company mentioned that the contract terminated hence Israel’s violations of contractual obligations, a statement considered as an overshadow of the peace agreement between the two countries. Security means had to be reinforced as a consequence of the conflict emerged between the two nations.

Until now, Israel has made great profit of energetic agreements made with Egypt; the country received a 40% of their energy consumption for their own use. During almost 7 years, since the natural gas deal, Israel made a great profit from Egypt’s energetic supplies. This period of time coincides with the Mubarak era. But since last Thursday, the 19th of April 2012, the 15-years planned pact broke in a brusque way.

This concern mainly implies peaceful principles withIsraelthat have been ignored. The 2005 signed agreement acted as a symbol of Egyptian-Israeli good relations, which is of great relevancy bearing in mind that Egypt is the only country, together with Jordan, that has signed a peace treaty with Israel (in 1979, followed by Jordan in 1994). Israeli Finance Minister Yuval Steinitz declared that the suspension of energetic supply was of “great concern”, arguing that it had placed “a dangerous precedent which casts a shadow on the peace agreements and the peaceful atmosphere betweenEgyptandIsrael”.

Israelis losing friends inEast Asia. Since the 1950s,Israel’s foreign policy had received strategic depth from regional alliances. The Egyptian cut on energetic supply will entail thatIsraelfinds it difficult to find countries to rely on in this region. Last year, Israel watched its alliance with Turkey collapse. Diplomatic relations with theUnited Statesare too weak andAmericais far away in geographical terms, which entails bad cooperation techniques in this manner. From now on, it will be hard for Israel to trust an Egyptian government currently damaged by internal conflicts. The evaporation of power of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak’s government, which is in a way definitely a positive change, leaves Israel in a state of strategic trouble. WithoutMubarak,Israelis left with almost no friends in theMiddle East.

But, as Sancho Panza says in the Chapter X of the Second Part of “Don Quijote de la Mancha”, “there is a solution for everything, if not death, under whose yoke we will lie all at the end of our lives”; and there is also prompted alternative for Israel’s alliances in East Asia: “From the Egypt’s point of view there are no objections to reaching a new agreement with new conditions and a new price”, as the Minister for International Cooperation Fayza Abul Naga told reporters.

Angela Gutierres Moreno,
Danira Milosevic,
Linn Andersson &
Jesus Alcantara Landa

Libya conflict hits the economy in the Pacific zone with the Black gold

As violence continues to escalate in Lybia, the federal government is drawing up plans to evacuate Australians as Libyan representatives sever ties with Gaddafi’s regime. Prime Minister Julia Gillard said the estimated 105 Australians believed to be in the North African country should get out, even the UK had offered to help evacuate Australians if necessary. “Australians are advised to avoid all travel to Libya because of the volatile and uncertain security situation,” DFAT said.

Australia is preparing for the potential defection of key diplomats from the Libyan embassy after a senior official walked away from the Gaddafi regime, declaring he now represented “the Libyan people”.

Libya’s cultural counselor signaled the nation might be on the verge of its first diplomatic defection in almost six years.


Oil prices soared above $93 a barrel in Asia as Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi’s grip on power in the OPEC nation weakened amid violent protests calling for his resignation. Benchmark crude for March delivery was up $7.34 at $93.54 a barrel at late afternoon Singapore time in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

Analysts are also worried the jump in energy costs could hurt consumer spending and stymie a fragile recovery in developed countries. The crisis in the Middle East and North Africa – which has brought down governments in Tunisia and Egypt and sparked protests in Yemen, Bahrain, Iran, Morocco and Jordan – has added about $10 to the price of crude, according to Capita Economics.

Petrol prices hit their highest level in more than two years last week, with the cost of 91 octane petrol rising 3c to $2.02, and 95 octane reaching $2.11 per litre. Based on current trends motorists could be paying $2.20c per litre by the end of the year, Stockdale said.

Meanwhile the impact on New Zealand exports to Libya was unclear today. Figures show $51m worth of products, including $49.7

The Ministerial Conference on Korea-Africa Economic Cooperation organized by the Korean Ministry of Finance, the African Development Bank (ADB) and the Export-Import Bank (Eximbank) of Korea, was opened on Tuesday in the Korean Capital. The conference was packaged to enable participants exchange views on how to further develop relations and economic cooperation between Africa and Korea.

All eyes are on Libya today

The political strife which started in Tunisia and spread to Egypt is now not only affecting Libya but also the rest of the world. The riots have caused that the prices of oil have reached another peak and the world fears that the prices will continue to skyrockets. The Middle East, as one of the biggest oil exporters has the power to cause another economical crisis. It is also said that the prices of any row materials such as steel and gold will increase.

Due to the reason that the riots have caused many dead people as well as fear in the country but also all around the world, Canadian companies are worried about the safety of their employees in Libya. Therefore the Canadian Oil and gas titan Suncor Energy was the first Canadian company which decided to escort their people out of the country back to Canada. Furthermore they have decided to suspend all of their running projects.

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