Immigration: Is the EU doing enough to tackle the issue?

On Sunday the 18th of April the world saw the worst immigration incident ever to occur in the Mediterranean. Two men have been arrested aged 27 years old and a 25 year old. It is has been confirmed that 800 people lost their lives. There is thought to only have been 27 survivors who were taken to the Sicilian coast of Catania on Monday evening.

It is believed that the ship capsized due to overcrowding. The boat had originally crashed. To add to the collision, when a Portuguese flagged ship came to help the overcrowded ship. It is thought the migrants on the ship moved position too fast causing the boat to become unbalanced.  The two men who were the organizer of the ship will be charged with accounts of people trafficking and reckless multiple homicide.

Amongst those who lost those lives in this tragic yet preventable event were children between the young ages of ten years old and twelve years old. The other twenty five survivors are being taken good care of and are to request asylum within the next few weeks.

The European Union (EU) have had the issue of immigration ever since the creation of Europe as a whole. The European Union faces issues of demographic pressures, identity and immigration policies, and a creation of a policy on Immigration to suit all 28 countries involved in the European Union. Currently the European Union are reviewing The 1951 Refugee convention. This is to solve any issues that are occurring with the application of this act to real life cases. At the moment within the European Union to gain citizenship within an EU country is very difficult even with  all the diverse rules from different countries. However this recent horrific event has made aware the severity of the problem of immigration.

From this event it is reported that more boats carrying hundreds more of migrants have passed through these seas. For example, Greece coast guards picked up three separate vessels carrying around 126 migrants. A few days later another yacht which was thought to be carrying around another 90 people.

This tragic event has made it aware how much of a problem immigration really is within the EU. This tragedy has taken place just after the emergency meeting of the EU interior and foreign ministers in Luxembourg. The meeting was to discuss and launch military actions on immigrant issues within and around Libya. There also been a push for the use of more naval ships to check the coast of Mediterranean to save more potential lives who are trying to get into Europe this way.

One concern has become clear from all this tragedy is that immigration is a clear issue and needs to be tackled sooner rather later as more lives are at risks each and every day.

Sources:

BBC (2015) ‘Mediterranean capsized migrant boat captain faces charges’. [Online] available from <http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-32390941> (3/4/2015)

The Guardian (2015) ‘Migrant boat captain arrested as survivors of sinking reach Italy’. [Online] Available from <http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/apr/21/survivors-800-migrant-boat-disaster-reach-italy-catania>(3/4/2015)

Migration policy Institute

(2015) ‘Europe’. [Online] Available from<http://www.migrationpolicy.org/regions/europe?gclid=CjwKEAjwsZyqBRCT1aq6qcD53DQSJACcen4C7Hi6ZuCfLSod4y5JJavRr_tvOOB-gnvyr__0vSArUBoCJyHw_wcB>(2/4/2015)

Libya conflict hits the economy in the Pacific zone with the Black gold

As violence continues to escalate in Lybia, the federal government is drawing up plans to evacuate Australians as Libyan representatives sever ties with Gaddafi’s regime. Prime Minister Julia Gillard said the estimated 105 Australians believed to be in the North African country should get out, even the UK had offered to help evacuate Australians if necessary. “Australians are advised to avoid all travel to Libya because of the volatile and uncertain security situation,” DFAT said.

Australia is preparing for the potential defection of key diplomats from the Libyan embassy after a senior official walked away from the Gaddafi regime, declaring he now represented “the Libyan people”.

Libya’s cultural counselor signaled the nation might be on the verge of its first diplomatic defection in almost six years.

Economics

Oil prices soared above $93 a barrel in Asia as Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi’s grip on power in the OPEC nation weakened amid violent protests calling for his resignation. Benchmark crude for March delivery was up $7.34 at $93.54 a barrel at late afternoon Singapore time in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

Analysts are also worried the jump in energy costs could hurt consumer spending and stymie a fragile recovery in developed countries. The crisis in the Middle East and North Africa – which has brought down governments in Tunisia and Egypt and sparked protests in Yemen, Bahrain, Iran, Morocco and Jordan – has added about $10 to the price of crude, according to Capita Economics.

Petrol prices hit their highest level in more than two years last week, with the cost of 91 octane petrol rising 3c to $2.02, and 95 octane reaching $2.11 per litre. Based on current trends motorists could be paying $2.20c per litre by the end of the year, Stockdale said.

Meanwhile the impact on New Zealand exports to Libya was unclear today. Figures show $51m worth of products, including $49.7

The Ministerial Conference on Korea-Africa Economic Cooperation organized by the Korean Ministry of Finance, the African Development Bank (ADB) and the Export-Import Bank (Eximbank) of Korea, was opened on Tuesday in the Korean Capital. The conference was packaged to enable participants exchange views on how to further develop relations and economic cooperation between Africa and Korea.

Libyan Foreign Minister escapes to London

“I don’t want to work any longer for Gadaffi”

The Libyan Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa (61) resigned from the government of Gadaffi and fled on his free will  to London Wednesday evening. There he was questioned by British authorities. He stated that he didn’t want to work for Gadaffi anymore.

Wednesday evening  the Libyan Foreign Affairs Minister Mr. Moussa Koussa  unexpectedly arrived at  the airport of Farnborough. The BBC is almost sure that he travelled with a British military plane. What is completely sure is that he fled via Tunisia. He deceived Gadaffi by saying that he was going on a private visit in Tunisia.

“I don’t want to work any longer for Gaddafi”

Nevertheless, in Libya they still believe that he is just on a diplomatic mission to Tunisia. This is not what Koussa told us, according to a statement made by the spokesmen of the British Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

“He told us that he resigns from his post. Moussa Koussa is one of the most experienced members of Gadhafi’s government and his role was to represent the regime in the international arena. At the moment he is no longer willing to do that “, according to the BBC.

“Isolate Gadaffi”

Mr. Hague, the British Minister of Foreign Affairs, told the reporters: “”His resignation shows that Gaddafi’s regime, which has already seen significant defections to the opposition, is fragmented, under pressure and crumbling from within”. He also says that: “Gaddafi must be asking himself who will be the next to abandon him.”

The British government will discuss his dismissal with Koussa and will later release more details. Meanwhile, the British government asks at Gaddafi’s entourage to abandon him, consequently contributing to a better future for Libya.

According to the BBC’s diplomatic correspondent Humphrey Hawksley British Intelligence hopes that Koussa can provide an exclusive insight into the Libyan political and military structure. Maybe due to his information they will be able to quickly overthrow the Gadaffi’s  regime.

“No immunity for criminal prosecution”

The British Foreign Minister William Hague said Moussa Koussa will not get any immunity for criminal prosecution. Hague stressed that in recent weeks Moussa Koussa was one his closest partners in Lybia.

The situation in Lybia affects Europe

The revolts that took place in Libya one week ago also have their repercussions in Europe and on the relations between the different countries in Europe. Not every country has the same relationship with Lybia so this leads to other point of views. Obviously, those points of views were clear after consulting our European sources.

All our sources tell a similar story. This means that there is no discussion about the pure facts. Every media in Europe agrees on the fact that the actions taken by Gaddafi to suppress the revolt are absolutely unjustified and a violation of international humanitarian law. Furthermore, they agree on the fact that the power of Gaddafi is diminishing and that he will not be able to maintain his power for a long time.

After consulting all our sources we can summarize the news of the day as following:

Yesterday, there were some rumors that Muammar al-Gaddafi fled to Venezuela. But to counter these rumors he gave an interview where he tried to convince everyone that he was still staying in Tripoli. This interview was broadcasted by a state-run station. All media report that the video is quite strange, because the interview was given in an odd situation. He was sitting in a car and holding an umbrella. Despite the fact that he still “controls” the biggest part of the country he is losing power and authority. At the moment only Benghazi is controlled by the opposition, mainly youth people. Gaddafi tries to maintain his control by bombing and using a mercenary army. At the moment he is still looking for some allies to suppress the revolution.

We can also conclude that all our sources are worried about the citizens of their country. They recommend leaving the country as soon as possible and going to Lybia is discouraged.

We also noticed some major differences in the report of the Lybia case.

The “Frankfurter Algemeine Zeitung” informed us about the point of view of the German government. The German Minister of Foreign Affairs is thinking about some heavy-handed measures, if the situation doesn’t change in the near future. A lot his colleagues share this opinion, but the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs disagrees with this possible measure. This is the reason why the council of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs (read as: The European Union) couldn’t make an official statement and an agreement on possible measures.

In another German newspaper, namely “Der Spiegel”, we found the reason of the Italian veto. This newspaper describes the band between Italy and Lybia very precisely. Where most of the European leaders condemn the situation in Lybia Berlusconi remains silent. Apparently Italy has a lot of interests in Lybia. Lybia is one of the biggest trading partners of Italy: weapons, telecom,… Furthermore Lybia is the biggest energy supplier of Italy. Italy really needs Libyan gas and oil. Another import point is the immigration of Libyan citizens. Gaddafi and Berlusconi signed an agreement in which they agree to try to limit the number of immigrants. Therefore Gaddafi may use Italian boats to survey the coast. Berlusconi said that this can be a problem for whole Europe, because those immigrants will travel on to other countries. With this argument he tries to convince the EU to wait with hard-handed measures.

Only in the German media we saw anything about the relation between Italy and Lybia. The others didn’t mention it. “Le Figaro” published as her main article a text about the oil industry. Because of the harassment a lot of oil companies are about to leave Lybia. This means less production and off course higher prices. So “Le Figaro” was really focused on the economic consequences of the situation of Lybia.

In the UK (The Guardian) we only read a detailed story of the facts. The paper doesn’t mention anything about the meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs or about any possible future problems of the European Union. This is really typical for the UK and its island mentality. Actually they don’t care that much about the other European states.

To conclude we can say that all our sources report the same facts, but that we definitely see the different point of views of our sources. This point of view is very close to the attitude of the country.

The African Union supports Gaddafi

The African Union Peace and Security Council has resolved to stand by Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi in his clampdown on armed rebels in his country. As we know, the measure of support for the Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi, had appeared while the African Union was developing this meeting of the Peace and Security Council of the organization, with the main objective of discuss the situation in Ivory Coast and Libya.

Although there were some vague statements about “deep concern” of the AU on the situation in Libya and a condemnation of “disproportionate use of force”, Ramtane Lamamra, AU Commissioner for Peace and Security, said that the AU is committed to respect the unity and territorial integrity of Libya.

In its total support for the Gaddafi’s regime and contrary to the wishes of the rebel government in Benghazi, the African Union rejects any form of foreign military intervention.” This can only be interpreted as a rejection of the AU to a no-fly zone in Libya. Leer más de esta entrada

Africa about to follow Libya

The wave of changes affecting the muslim world has reached Libya. The whole African continent is currently focused on what is going to happen next.

Libya is closing its borders, Visas are being refused to European citizens, actually to all the citizens coming from the Schengen space. Other closings are taking place: Youtube, Facebook and other social networks are also being locked, to avoid any organized demonstration; and Libyan TV has dismissed as “lies” every information delivered by global media, as Al Jazeera has been broadcasting since the begining of the pacific uprising in Egypt. Embassies are closing: Nigeria’s Libyan Embassy has closed, and it seems to be the starting point of the complete isolation of Libya, as if it was a modern Iron Curtain that is being settled up.

Moreover, on the Subsaharian world, the uprisings are being followed carefully. Some coordinated activist actions are taking place against other authoritarian regimes. This year, about 20 of these countries may organize elections, which gives some kind of insecurity to those regimes. Indeed, countries such as Nigeria or Uganda may have a crucial importance in the future of Africa: they both are relevant countries inside the African Union, and revolutions in there may cause an historical change in Africa. Furthermore, Uganda’s leader, Yoweri Museveni, has held the power for 20 years, which is a similarity with the causes of the uprisings in Egypt, or Tunisia. Leer más de esta entrada

All eyes are on Libya today

The political strife which started in Tunisia and spread to Egypt is now not only affecting Libya but also the rest of the world. The riots have caused that the prices of oil have reached another peak and the world fears that the prices will continue to skyrockets. The Middle East, as one of the biggest oil exporters has the power to cause another economical crisis. It is also said that the prices of any row materials such as steel and gold will increase.

Due to the reason that the riots have caused many dead people as well as fear in the country but also all around the world, Canadian companies are worried about the safety of their employees in Libya. Therefore the Canadian Oil and gas titan Suncor Energy was the first Canadian company which decided to escort their people out of the country back to Canada. Furthermore they have decided to suspend all of their running projects.

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