We All Can Do It!

The role of women in politics is something that has been disputed for many years and in the region of Asia-Pacific we have seen throughout the years some examples of the power that women have in politics. The first female ever to be head of government in the world was Sirinavo Barandike, president of Sri Lanka in 1960. Other women such as Corazon Aquino, mother of the current president of Philippines, and Prathiba Patil, were a fresh air for their countries, as being the first female president.

Margaret Chan - WHO Director General

Margaret Chan – WHO Director General

Sri Mulyani Indrawati - World Bank Manager Director

Sri Mulyani Indrawati – World Bank Manager Director

Nowadays we don’t see many women taking important roles in Asian policy, at the moment only one is head of an Asian state, Park Geun-hye of South Korea. Other countries, as Japan, are trying to improve and the current president wants to have 30% of women in the government by 2020. We can see protests similar to the Suffrage movement due to the lack of female representation in Asian governments.

On the other hand, since 1894 in New Zealand and 1919 in Australia, women have played an active role within their political systems. In New Zealand the movement started with Elizabeth Yates, Mayor of Onehunga a province of Auckland. She became the first female mayor of the British Empire. Respectively in Australia it started in 1919 with Grace Benny, however in 1921 Australia made a huge statement when Edith Cowen was elected as a member of parliament. Australia and New Zealand have since then paved the way for women in Asia to stand for parliamentary positions with key figures such as Julia Gillard, first female leader of the Australian labour party and the first female Prime Minister of Australia (2010 – 2013). Now in Australia we have seen Julia Bishop become the Minister of Foreign Affairs and a leading member of the Australian liberal party.

Although New Zealand has not been as active as Australia, Margaret Wilson, former Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives, is one of their key representatives of women in politics as well as a key figure for the New Zealand Labour Party.

We can see that the majority of female representation in Oceania comes for the left to central wings, showing a trend of the modernisation of the liberal politics, yet that the right is still somewhat male dominated. However the change that has taken place in these countries is a prime example of how Asia can change and educate women to become key members of parliament, changing their perspective.

Asia is perceived as a male dominated and chauvinistic continent where women are under represented. A region where we would never imagine women would have such important roles, both on a regional and an international level, since they have always been oppressed and their voice was never strong enough to make a change. Nowadays, women are “climbing the ranks”, making their way to the top. We find women not only in all sorts of high professional positions, such as diplomats, but also in the most influential humanitarian organizations in the world and in politics as we can see in South Korea or the Philippines. Now women will not be ignored, they now have a strong voice and due to the power many of them have they can finally make a difference and be “more influential than ever”.

We ALL can do it!

We ALL can do it!

Immigration: Is the EU doing enough to tackle the issue?

On Sunday the 18th of April the world saw the worst immigration incident ever to occur in the Mediterranean. Two men have been arrested aged 27 years old and a 25 year old. It is has been confirmed that 800 people lost their lives. There is thought to only have been 27 survivors who were taken to the Sicilian coast of Catania on Monday evening.

It is believed that the ship capsized due to overcrowding. The boat had originally crashed. To add to the collision, when a Portuguese flagged ship came to help the overcrowded ship. It is thought the migrants on the ship moved position too fast causing the boat to become unbalanced.  The two men who were the organizer of the ship will be charged with accounts of people trafficking and reckless multiple homicide.

Amongst those who lost those lives in this tragic yet preventable event were children between the young ages of ten years old and twelve years old. The other twenty five survivors are being taken good care of and are to request asylum within the next few weeks.

The European Union (EU) have had the issue of immigration ever since the creation of Europe as a whole. The European Union faces issues of demographic pressures, identity and immigration policies, and a creation of a policy on Immigration to suit all 28 countries involved in the European Union. Currently the European Union are reviewing The 1951 Refugee convention. This is to solve any issues that are occurring with the application of this act to real life cases. At the moment within the European Union to gain citizenship within an EU country is very difficult even with  all the diverse rules from different countries. However this recent horrific event has made aware the severity of the problem of immigration.

From this event it is reported that more boats carrying hundreds more of migrants have passed through these seas. For example, Greece coast guards picked up three separate vessels carrying around 126 migrants. A few days later another yacht which was thought to be carrying around another 90 people.

This tragic event has made it aware how much of a problem immigration really is within the EU. This tragedy has taken place just after the emergency meeting of the EU interior and foreign ministers in Luxembourg. The meeting was to discuss and launch military actions on immigrant issues within and around Libya. There also been a push for the use of more naval ships to check the coast of Mediterranean to save more potential lives who are trying to get into Europe this way.

One concern has become clear from all this tragedy is that immigration is a clear issue and needs to be tackled sooner rather later as more lives are at risks each and every day.

Sources:

BBC (2015) ‘Mediterranean capsized migrant boat captain faces charges’. [Online] available from <http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-32390941> (3/4/2015)

The Guardian (2015) ‘Migrant boat captain arrested as survivors of sinking reach Italy’. [Online] Available from <http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/apr/21/survivors-800-migrant-boat-disaster-reach-italy-catania>(3/4/2015)

Migration policy Institute

(2015) ‘Europe’. [Online] Available from<http://www.migrationpolicy.org/regions/europe?gclid=CjwKEAjwsZyqBRCT1aq6qcD53DQSJACcen4C7Hi6ZuCfLSod4y5JJavRr_tvOOB-gnvyr__0vSArUBoCJyHw_wcB>(2/4/2015)

Carlos Fuentes

The excelent crop of Latin American literature of the second half of the twentieth century can be summarized in a few names: the Colombian Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Mario Vargas Llosa, the Argentine Jorge Luis Borges and Julio Cortázar, the Cuban writer Alejo Carpentier, the Chilean Jose Donoso , the Mexican Octavio Paz and Carlos Fuentes … There are more writers worthy of inclusion in the roll of honor, of course, but could not miss any of the above. Carlos Fuentes, who died on May 15, 2012 at age 83 in Mexico City, his pulse was fashioned to put into it. Novelist, essayist, playwright, screenwriter, professor at the finest American and European universities, Fuentes knew his work reflect the spirit of Mexico, forged in the mixing and network complexities that entails. But not just that, at all times, Fuentes was a champion of freedom, both in terms of imagination and creative talent that permeates his works, including in relation to social engagement.

The literary career of Carlos Fuentes started about sixty years ago, in 1954 with the publication of his first book, On masked, which already reflected his attention to national identity. Reflects a concern that would find later, to varying degrees and in different genres, adding titles to your bibliography highlights: La región más transparente (1959), Terra Nostra (1975), Cristóbal Nonato (1987), Gringo viejo (1985)  and, of course, La muerte de Artemio Cruz (1962), undoubtedly one of his most celebrated books and read.

Son of diplomats, diplomat himself, sources did not give up a political profile, associatedin their day to left currents. In all circumstances led to correction. And always made generous use of their knowledge, they also lavished on the public stage displaying a gift for oratory and expressive grace able to dazzle any audience.

Sources literary work, its social, its international, also his sympathy, made him a globally recognized figure and, of course, worthy of countless awards. To his credit include theNational Book Award in Mexico (1984), the Cervantes Prize (1987), the Prince ofAsturias Prize for Literature (1994) and the y el Rómulo Gallegos (1977) among many others. In only Nobel in Literature, for which candidate sounded like repeatedly escaped their grasp. But its merits, as you know many readers, spread across the world who mourn his death.

Diana Cerviño
Paula Zapata
Celia García
Antonio Crespo

Guest that tells us “the reality” from his own experience

Jose Maria Peredo is a professor of International Relations and Comunication that works in UEM and he has given us a very interesting class in which we have learned the situation in the “Middle East”, especially in Iran and how the religion is a really polemic topic in that area as well

This guest has shown us a different reality of what we see at the newspapers and televisión about the most problematic area of the World. Iran is a country which is around states that don’t share the same islamic branch. that’s why this country is looping for its own security by developing an improtant arsenal of nuclear weapons. That has carried a really critical situation where states are feeling really worried so what they have done is to sanction Iran.This action of the other countries has come out to create tension and aggressivenes between states and that should end in a way.

The talk that Peredo gave to us talked about the Islam religión as well. He gave us a very general idea of what Islam was and finally he specified in two branches of this known and universal religión: Suni Islam and Chii Islam. Both have different ways of interpreting this religion.

We all are in the opinion that this lesson that this International Relations and Comunication proffesor has given to us, has been very interesting and very enriching as well. So in conclusion, we have enjoyed the talk he has given to us and we hop ewe have more lessons like this because through this way guests let us know about their experiences and their personal opinion of different topics so that we enrich our proper thought and knowledge about culture and other places of the world.

Written by : Andrea Sánchez, Victor Corvera, Marta Saguar and María Cortés.

Chinese Gymnastics Kids

Training with Tears, Sweat, & Dreams

Date: May 11, 2012

By: Ananda Araujo Cerdan,Ibón Joung, Sara Setién, Eduardo Márquez and Virginia Mazón

Kids between three and seven years old, the young gymnasts are put through a rigorous stretching routine by their instructors during a training session every day.

Just one movement repeated so many times every second. One set of movements practiced for five years. Every year, more than 30 children, under the age of 12, join the gymnastics teams, but just some are able to continue, so many talented children give up on training.

Hanging in there: These boys are made to perform handstand or hang from high bars.

Pain is present every day in their life’s

The main goal of these trainings is to create new powerful athletes. Children from their babyhood are trained to the extreme of hearting their health, taking pills as strange drugs or substance to render. Most of the times the instructors forced the children including girls to take pills to remain small, main reason of why women that have already turned to 30 cannot menstruate, have not breast and hairless.

These kids spend almost their whole childhood training with Tears, Sweat, & Dreams. Some of them can be champions, maybe, but most of them are just treated with abusing for nothing. For china to be the winner is the only important thing, their intention is not an economic demonstration but to show their country power.

If one child stars to cry, it will prompt the entire group of children to cry, and the more they cry, the louder it gets. It doesn’t matter if they cry or they miss their parents, all the children are picked up and interned in a special centre for athletes where they are not able to go out and they are trained very hard the full day. Their parents usually have just one day a week to visit their children, but because China is a huge country and the majority of the population has almost no money is quiet normal that they don’t see them more than once a year.

The Chinese Gymnastics Kids are subjects to hard exercises such as holding a bar with the hands supporting all their body weight. And just the child that stays longer will be the one who deserve to eat. Isn’t this treat violating children rights?

Many of these children could do whatever just to get a hug or a kiss from their parents, and most of them wishes not to wake up again. Every day is another terrific day in their lifes. And all these, what’s for?  For those who doesn’t reach the top, in the future will engage in prostitution, begging or ending up trapped in the world of drugs.

More than 30 children under the age of 12 begin their daily eight-hour training regime at one of the country’s two national gymnastic trampoline training bases in China’s southeast Fujian province. The children have been selected from around the province, to take lessons in the Fuzhou City Sports School where the aim of training is to prepare athletes from the early age.

MAD to even madder

While the American nation is choosing which Republican candidate will champion Obama in the upcoming elections, bringing up the issues of medical care, gun possession and austerity, at the other side of the ocean another preoccupation is rising more powerful than ever.

Decades after the cold war new candidate to presidency Mitt Romney, very Hollywood like, called Russia “America´s number one geopolitical foe” demonstrating a shocking lack of contemporary history knowledge or a straight forward declaration of the USA foreign policy if Republicans happen to win the elections.  As a result of this reckless statement, the issue of National Missile Defense has surfaced in every Russian social blog, this time calling the plans of America to NMD system positioning in Poland and the Czech Republic a public offence.

For nearly half a century cold war gave stability because MAD, nicknamed appropriately, the Mutual Assured Destruction could be seen as a political ideology based on one paradoxically simple thing – an appraisal of human nature. It held that countries advanced enough to build nuclear weapons, would be rational enough not to use them and the leaders were assured in their country security. But those times are over and new measures need to be deployed.

The Bush administration officially announced America’s withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty in the end of 2001, and the agreement stop being legal in 2002. One can argue that such a drastic move has been only implemented as an echo of 9/11 terrorist attacks, but in Russia this year is marked with the rise of a new pragmatic leader Vladimir Putin. Moreover, Russian president had repeatedly claimed that national army and national educations are two prerogatives in his presidential terms. Might it be a convenient mix of the war on terrorism and attempt to control Russia’s growth?

So, what if the USA changes its position on NMD system positioning in Poland and the Czech Republic from passive to active?

Once upon a time there was Cuban Missile Crisis (1962) when USSR communist leaders placed tactical missiles with questionable range at U.S. borders. No-name-yet Missile Crisis when U.S.A. president is placing missiles at the Russian boarder. In the Cuban Missile Crisis, Americans said that they would launch nukes unless those missiles were gone. They were ready to end this world…that crisis was communist USSR’s fault. In no-name-yet Missile Crisis Russian politicians announced that they will change defense policy in favor of use of military force and nuclear weapons. Democratic Americans placing those missiles and the whole upcoming crisis should be logically U.S. fault.

Russia USA cartoon

I believe that general Makarov recently gave an interview in which he informed the public that if Russian radars detect a launch of a single US – Warsaw antimissile in any direction they would automatically launch actual nuclear warheads on Washington and  New-York. Why? Because those missiles have signature of tactical nuclear missiles and they are capable of reaching Moscow in matter of minutes. For that very same reason, if any country does long range missile testing they have to give 1-month notice to US and Russia

Hypothetically speaking, Russia would win any war against anyone but the United States. And United States can win against everyone but Russia because that is the only country in this little world that can reach US boarders. And because the United States does not have any means of intercepting Russian warheads, not even with new THAAD, they are going after missiles not warheads by placing antimissile systems at very boarder. It is a noble idea from their point of view.

Hopefully new presidents of both countries will have wisdom and won’t provoke a second Cuban Missile Crisis.

By: Ksenia Solovyova, Crystal Blankenbaker and Irina Czakó