An Airstrike kills two Palestinians on the border of Gaza-Egypt.

On the morning of February 9th, an explosion killed two Palestinians and left five wounded on a smuggling tunnel between the Egypt-Gaza border. The origin of the airstrike is a question, Palestinian officials said that the explosion was caused by an Israeli airstrike, but the Israeli army denied any involvement in the incident.

Gaza’s health ministry spokesman, Ashraf al-Qidra (also known as Ashraf al-Qedra), has pointed out that the aim of the attack was the tunnel that unifies the city of Gaza and Rafah. The tunnel is normally used as a way to pass products between Gaza and Egypt. It has become an important means for transports and exchange of armament and basic resources to survive. The huge tensions in the border have caused that more than 2 million Palestinians in Gaza are still living since 2014 under a military blockade.

Ashraf al-Qidra said that the two men were “martyred and five other people were wounded as a result of being targeted by the Israeli warplane along the Palestinian-Egyptian borders”. According to Al-Qidra, the Two Palestinian victims have been identified as Hossam Al-Sufi, 24, from the town of Rafah, and Mohammed al-Aqra, 38, resident of Gaza City.

Some witnesses said that they saw an Israeli airplane threw a missile against the entry of the tunnel on the bounder, but the Israeli army denied having carried on these attacks. The facts happened a few hours after the draw of several rockets on Wednesday night from the Sinai city, Egypt, that is between the border of the East side of Israel and Gaza, Palestine.

The Gaza-based al-Mezan Center for Human Rights has expressed their concern that Israel could be starting a high-scale military offensive. Also, the non-governmental organization has prayed to the international community to “act promptly against Israel’s military escalation, to fulfill their obligations to protect civilians, and ensure respect for the rules of international law,” claiming that “acting before a full-scale military bombardment is launched is crucial to ensuring the protection of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip.”

The idea of building the tunnels comes from Hamas, who decided to build this grid of tunnels in order to support the Gaza strip. They built two kinds of tunnels: on the one hand, the one used by the Gaza strip and another one used to infiltrate Israel. The first category allows the terrorists of Gaza to hide their weapons, their commander center and their launching rockets ramps underground. The second one was made in order to kidnap and kill civilians from Israel.

In the past years, Egypt has destroyed more than 2,000 tunnels that provides basic resources to more than 2 million Gaza citizens. Also, Tamer al-Rifai, the Egyptian army spokesman, stated that in the past two months the Egyptian army has destroyed and uncovered six tunnels at the border between Gaza and the North Sinai, Egypt.

Angela Cantero, Alejandra Torres and Marie Camacho. 

United States Court of Appeals Denies Trump’s Travel Ban

The controversial decree signed by President Donald J. Trump banning refugees and restricting travel from seven Muslim-majority countries to enter in the U.S. was declined by the U.S. Court of Appeals.

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President of United States Donald J. Trump

Mr. Trump signed the Executive Order 13769 under the name of “Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into the United States”resulting in the suspension of this decree on 3rd February. The U.S. Court of Appeals on 9th February unanimously rejected President Trump’s attempt to re-apply it

From this declarations, CAIR National Executive Director Nihad Awad said:

This victory should not lead to complacency. This and other Trump administration orders and policies still pose a threat to communities of color, religious minorities, women, and others.”  

Three judges supported arguments in order to keep the suspension of the traveling ban and Mr. Trump said he would take the case to the Supreme Court.

Trump defend his travel ban and accused the judiciary branch of becoming “political” during an address to the Washington, D.C.conference of the Major Cities Chiefs Association. He also made references to his current measures related to the electoral campaign:


“One of the reasons I was elected was because of law, order, and security.”

Mr. Trump talks directly to the American people, Courts of Appeal and to the Opposition:


“You are great men and women, and we have to allow you to do your jobs, and we have to give you the weapons that you need […] they are trying to taking away from you, because of politics, or political views.”


In those statements, he is calling for Americans to understand the travel ban as a tool for increment security and jobs. Then Trump alleged the possibility of the Courts of being influenced by the opposite party in its decisions. 

This article from The Guardian informs about Trump called for surveillance against mosques and support the idea of establishing a database for all Muslims living in the United States. This ideology has led Trump wants to the shutdown of Muslims entering the United States until he was able to figure out how to attack horrendous threats by people who believe only in Jihad, and have no sense of reason or respect for human life, in his own words.

Trump’s executive order of the travel ban restriction proposed (also applied to permanent US residents, like green-card holders and foreign visitors) the imposition of a 90-day ban on travelers from Syria, Iran, Sudan, Lybia, Somalia, Yemen, and Iraq, according to the Telegraph

However, the ban is not applied to Christians of these countries. 

Trump’s executive order has been strongly criticized by many people, as the Court of Appeals alleged that the travel ban has nothing to do with the reach of ‘national security’:

The decision to ban people from seven-Muslim majority countries to enter the United States will give further arguments to extremist groups, such as the Islamic State, and will not guarantee national security.”


By Alejandro Martínez, Marina Barberá and Alba Tissera.

Hillary Clinton – The next US President?

With the upcoming election campaigns in the US taking shape, we argue that Hillary Clinton will make headlines and break boundaries become the first female president of the USA after she announced she will be running for office on April 12th.

Hillary Clinton is a globally dominating figure who actively is promoting gender equality (if not inadvertently) in the USA. Potentially as the first female president Mrs Clinton has the opportunity to bridge the gaps in wage equality and supports that we are all human, therefore Human Rights are for all, we are people as equals.

Clinton represents a strong figure that is defying a patriarchal society and demonstrating that it is possible for females to enter politics and take charge. “Human rights are women’s rights and women’s rights are human rights” – Hillary Clinton

Clinton’s willingness to participate in social media was demonstrated on April 12th. Mrs Clinton used twitter as a platform to announce her running for the US presidency, showing commitment to modern changes and appealing to a wide range of audiences, including connecting with the youth population. Clinton had reached over 95,000 re-tweets by 7am and stated “I’m running for president, everyday Americans need a champion and I want to be that champion”

Clinton has had global support in response to her tweet including the ex President of France Nicolas Sarkozy who tweeted “…I know how strong your passion is for the United States”. Further support came from Madeline Albright the first female secretary of state who tweeted “@hillaryclinton is smart, caring and determined…”

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There are many individuals who believe that Mrs Clinton is in fact not a suitable role model; as she has been criticised for her previous support of President Bush during the Iraq war but nowadays she has made a positive change of mind about this; showing that she accepts her mistakes and listens to the public opinion that was against this idea.

Hillary Clinton also changed her point of view regarding the international environment when referring to the embargo of Cuba. She refused to accept a trade between Cuba and the USA but she recently supported President Obama in his relations with Cuba; Demonstrating that she is an open-minded woman.

Who knows if Hilary Clinton is the right candidate to lead the Democrats in the 2016 Presidential Elections, but what it is clear is that has enough credentials to say that she is fully prepared to occupy such an influential position, much more than Obama was in 2008. Hillary stood by her husband’s side during his time in office and as 2008 was Obama’s first campaign he was not accustomed to it, Hillary is already more aware of the procedures of campaigning and successful campaigning at that. The United States experienced a huge change when Obama became the first black president, and in our opinion, it is the right moment to take another step in the history of United States and embrace the first female in the White House.

We All Can Do It!

The role of women in politics is something that has been disputed for many years and in the region of Asia-Pacific we have seen throughout the years some examples of the power that women have in politics. The first female ever to be head of government in the world was Sirinavo Barandike, president of Sri Lanka in 1960. Other women such as Corazon Aquino, mother of the current president of Philippines, and Prathiba Patil, were a fresh air for their countries, as being the first female president.

Margaret Chan - WHO Director General

Margaret Chan – WHO Director General

Sri Mulyani Indrawati - World Bank Manager Director

Sri Mulyani Indrawati – World Bank Manager Director

Nowadays we don’t see many women taking important roles in Asian policy, at the moment only one is head of an Asian state, Park Geun-hye of South Korea. Other countries, as Japan, are trying to improve and the current president wants to have 30% of women in the government by 2020. We can see protests similar to the Suffrage movement due to the lack of female representation in Asian governments.

On the other hand, since 1894 in New Zealand and 1919 in Australia, women have played an active role within their political systems. In New Zealand the movement started with Elizabeth Yates, Mayor of Onehunga a province of Auckland. She became the first female mayor of the British Empire. Respectively in Australia it started in 1919 with Grace Benny, however in 1921 Australia made a huge statement when Edith Cowen was elected as a member of parliament. Australia and New Zealand have since then paved the way for women in Asia to stand for parliamentary positions with key figures such as Julia Gillard, first female leader of the Australian labour party and the first female Prime Minister of Australia (2010 – 2013). Now in Australia we have seen Julia Bishop become the Minister of Foreign Affairs and a leading member of the Australian liberal party.

Although New Zealand has not been as active as Australia, Margaret Wilson, former Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives, is one of their key representatives of women in politics as well as a key figure for the New Zealand Labour Party.

We can see that the majority of female representation in Oceania comes for the left to central wings, showing a trend of the modernisation of the liberal politics, yet that the right is still somewhat male dominated. However the change that has taken place in these countries is a prime example of how Asia can change and educate women to become key members of parliament, changing their perspective.

Asia is perceived as a male dominated and chauvinistic continent where women are under represented. A region where we would never imagine women would have such important roles, both on a regional and an international level, since they have always been oppressed and their voice was never strong enough to make a change. Nowadays, women are “climbing the ranks”, making their way to the top. We find women not only in all sorts of high professional positions, such as diplomats, but also in the most influential humanitarian organizations in the world and in politics as we can see in South Korea or the Philippines. Now women will not be ignored, they now have a strong voice and due to the power many of them have they can finally make a difference and be “more influential than ever”.

We ALL can do it!

We ALL can do it!

Interview with Mr. Rachid Sator,Minister Counselor Deputy Chief of Mission at the Embassy of Algeria in Madrid.

This year was highlighted by several important events such as: the presidential elections, social changes and development based on considerable human and natural resources, and a privileged geostrategic position that can allow Algeria to win a role as a regional leader. Last Thursday, we had the honor to interview Sir Rachid Sator, Minister Counselor at the embassy of Algeria in Madrid.

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The context was propitious to questions related to diplomacy, as we were in the embassy with the Algerian diplomat. First, I asked him about the bilateral relations between Algeria and Spain, he answered that they are positive for both countries and adding  that  Algeria and Spain are going through a rapid growth “ there are several  visits and delegations in different fields : economic, political and diplomatic ”. Then, my second question was about the cultural exchange.  Without any hesitation, he said that it is very closed and dynamic, arguing that the geographical proximity is one reason because Algeria and Spain are separated few kilometers by the Mediterranean Sea. In addition, they have a historical link. He explained that some cities of Algeria had been colonized for nearly two hundred years. Giving the example of Oran, the second most important city after Algiers, this is still considered as the most Hispanic city in Africa by the Spanish people themselves.  Furthermore, Santa Cruz ford is its famous symbol. There are large human interactions between both countries that have been developed over the centuries.  Therefore, there is a brewing cultural exchange. Later, I asked him about the Algerian position between the Arab countries. He answered that Regarding the Arab world; Algeria is a full member of the Arab league which regroups countries of the Middle East and the Maghreb. Arabic is its official language within its borders, even though it has a particularism compared to the Arab countries. Indeed, the Algerian society is composed by different ethnic groups who share their own dialect “les Kabyles” for example.  During the interview, Sir Rachid Sator spoke about   the Arab spring which has shacked the Arab world “In 2011, several popular revolutions affected an entire system, Algeria was certainly saved because the reforms begun in 1988, which led to the establishment of a political plurality. Regarding freedom of expression, you can open a newspaper and see caricatures about the Algerian president and political officials. Nowadays, the media landscape is very rich created by a large freedom of expression.  The political field today is constituted of 30% of women either at the assembled elected officials, national or communal level.

The question about the future of the Algerian oil resources was crucial. Indeed, a decline in hydrocarbon production was officially announced by the Prime Minister, Malek Sellal. The oil resources which remain the main economic resource of the country are threatened of extinction in the next 15 years. The Algerian government is forced to find another solution in order to save its own economy, by changing its hydrocarbon law in January 2013 to open the way to the exploitation of unconventional energy resources. According to the report of the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), the country holds the third largest recoverable shale gas reserves in the world.   Therefore,  shale gas seems to be a good issue for the country, not only to meet the rising annual local demand for energy, but also to cover the total public expenditure, the cost of social transfers and to guarantee the continuation of subsidies on basic commodities, which represent 30% of the total budget. According to the Minister counselor Rachid Sator, in 2014, the trend is using the same mono-exporting system; Algeria must face the facts that fossil fuels will disappear one day or another, we must substitute the status of mono exporter, and Algeria has enough means.  “Concerning the exploitation Shale Gas, if the extraction method is not harmful and dangerous for people and the environment.  Then why not?  If you have a wealth under your feet and you can use it without major damage, I do not see any state that will refuse to take the risk”.

A huge development is being done in terms of agriculture, industry and tourism. The Algerian government is working in order to replace oil exploitations by other energy sources such as solar energy and wind energy.” Our Sahara could allow a potential solar energy exploitation, 12mounths/ 12 of warm weather and it is an unconventional energy that can last forever”. Sir Rachid Sator added “Actually, which is essential; is to change the mono exporter structure and be more competitive in terms of agriculture because Algeria has a temperate climate. Concerning tourism, we are developing it continuously. Most of the Algerian youth have high level of study. The access to education is accessible and free. Young graduate people can create their own businesses, and of course, sometimes it requires a help from the states.”

The last part of the interview was dedicated to the refugee issue. Lebanon is facing a crucial refugee crisis since the beginning of the civil war in Syria and the deterioration in Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The Minister Counselor answered that “In diplomacy, the refugee crisis is called: collateral damage. Because of the Palestinian issue that unfortunately has not find a solution, over 3, 6 million Palestinians live outside their country. As the international community has the means to exert pressure on Israel, it is necessary to collaborate and discuss in order to find a solution to this perpetual conflict. Concerning Syria, it is experiencing a civil war, an end to this conflict can only pass through dialogue, it will not resolve by itself.”

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Assia Meghfour Lacheheb

Island of Dokdo

Date: June 1, 2012

By: Ananda Araujo Cerdan,Ibón Joung, Sara Setién, Eduardo Márquez and Virginia Mazón

   Dokdo Island is an island situated in the southeast of Asia, between South Korea and Japan. The island is populated by South Korean citizens, and protected by the national coastguards. This geographical area caused lots of polemic due to the fact that both Korean and Japanese governments claimed the islands sovereignty. Japanese considers Dokdo or Takeshima for the Japanese part of the Okinoshima city, Koreans on the other hand defends that the area is part of the county of Ulleung in the north of the province of Gyeongsang.

The island is practically uninhabitable but it is still a really important surface, economically it is acknowledged to be rich in natural gas deposits and militarily the location is great for a military base of South Korean troops. South Korea had been using this geographical area since the end of World War II but in the late 2005 Japanese government asked for the full sovereignty of the land, to which Korea denied. Then the great polemic started; Dokdo was part of the Japanese territory since Edo period (1603~ 1868) when the Korean Empire was part of the Japanese territory thanks to a previous invasion, in defence to Koreans leaned on the Silla period (512 a. D.) where the chronic of the “Three Kingdom’s” confirms that the island is part of South Korean territory. Actually there are only 2 citizens (Kim Sung-do (김성도) and Kim Shin-yeol (김신열)) living in the island together with 40 government workers (police, lighthouse keepers, Fishery Ministry personnel).

The big polemic started when the U.S. Boards found out the island with a no clear sovereignty, and as both states claimed for the sovereignty they took the case to an international court, which was the San Francisco Peace Treaty because the SFPT was written within the framework of the laws of war, often called “the customary laws of warfare.” Within its own geographic range, it is the highest-ranking document of international law in the post WWII era.

According to the San Francisco Peace Treaty (SFPT) of 1952, there are two problems: How are we to interpret the ownership of: one, islands given up by Japan but where no “receiving country” is specified, or two, islands which are not even clearly mentioned in the treaty. As the island has no clear receiving country, is declared to be an un-demarcated territory or limbo cession, and according to the SFPT, any limbo cessions or un-demarcated territory is governed under the sovereignty of the conqueror. But there is still no definitive decision made even if it leans more to the South Korean sovereignty.

Every Asian countries are pretty patriotic, truly Korean citizen defend that Dokdo is Korean territory and they infuriate because Japanese apart from thinking it publishes those lies, when still isn´t clear jet the sovereignty of the island. The shocking thing is that even veteran soldiers show that outburst against Japanese, their excuse was “on the 2nd World War caused too much pain to our country and know they even want to take our lands from us…This is an insult and provocation”.

If Sarkozy loses the elections, he will quit politics

By Isidoro Arriola, Alejandra Rojo, Rafael López y Patricia MArtínez

Nicolas Sarkozy threat that he will leave politics if he loses next elections, but he will fight until the end with social politics.

In February, Sarkozy started his presidential campaign, several weeks after the other candidate for the presidential chair. Recently Sarkozy reviewed all his ideas looking for a new change in strategy.

Sarkozy is getting behind in votes compared with his opponent François Hollande. The Socialist opponent, six weeks before the first round the French prime minister said that Hollande was going to experience problems because of his lack of experience. Concretely in international and ministerial affairs, and that this will create conflicts in the economy.

Hollande has gain 2 points to the 30 per cent of support for the elections in the last week. By the way, Sarkozy has only gain 1 point to 28 per cent, this means that the socialist is winning in this moment the elections.

Also, he was asked by reporters the past Thursday whether or not he would leave politics if he loses the election.  Hold responded with a firm “NO”.

Sarkozy declared in RMC radio that he is worried about his programme and of the lack of exper

ience of the opponent. Also about the lose of faith in him, and that he doesn’t see any sense to continue in politics.

Sarkozy’s team is afraid, because he could lose his personal style. Over three years of economic crisis, he has changed his political character.

Sarkozy declares, “I will fight with all my strength to win your confidence, to protect and lead you and build a strong France, but if that is not your choice I will bow out, that’s the way it is, and I will have had a great life in politics“.

Before the presidential campaign, Sarkozy was loosing polls against Hollande. However after the official campaign started he shorten the gap between himself and Hollande by a few points, later he suffered setbacks in the second weeks. And now he has lost his initial advantage. Hollande consolidated his position after the announcement of a tax reduction. Meanwhile Sarkozy proposed new aids to the family economy and a new programme focused on city suburbs and on immigrants.

This week, Sarkozy appeared on TV stating that there were too many foreigners in France and the system for immigrants to integrate was not working. As you can imagine this stirred up quite a debate. He promised, if he was to

be re-elected, he would reduce the number of immigrants in France by 80,000.

Sarkozy wants to also restrict some payments to immigrants who have been in France over 10 years. This may surprise some as he himself is the son of a Hungarian immigrant. Sarkozy has also promised to review the endorsement system for candidates. He states that in order for candidates to stand, they need to be endorsed by 500 elected representatives by the 16 March. Elections are set to begin on 22 April.